The ongoing expansion of the Orapa Game Park, a Debswana diversification initiative into tourism, is already assumed to be a big menace after global warming or draught for agriculture at the Boteti area-farmers are decrying lack of proper consultation by the project facilitators.
Already, farmers are decrying that lack of full or proper consultation has led to some crammed in one ranch. According to sources, there is a situation where ten cattle farmers are crammed in one ranch. There is also an issue where some borehole owners want to enjoy the same compensation as those who had livelihoods or agricultural assets like livestock at the Boteti farms. Some farmers refused their compensation saying it was not commensurate with the value of their assets and was inadequate to improve or restore their livelihoods.
According to fresh information, some farmers and Debswana are currently on a stalemate and the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation is currently mediating the land conflict. Government has set aside P31.8 million as a resettlement plan for the expansion of the Orapa Park under Orapa-today-Boteti-tomorrow project and P18.8 million went towards fencing of the park, it has emerged.
The ‘Orapa Today Boteti Tomorrow’ (OTBT) project involves the construction of a diamond Museum which is located in the industrial area of Orapa and a Game Park. The expansion of the game park is part of the grand Makgadikgadi Management Framework because the location was highly preferred as it links Boteti to the wider Makgadikgadi salt pans and the heritage trails.
In an interview with BusinessPost on the sidelines of the recent Diamond Conference held in Gaborone, the Orapa, Letlhakane and Damtshaa Mines (OLDM) General Manager Bakani Motlhabani confirmed that there is a conflict between farmers and Debswana. He said the matter has escalated and Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security, Eric Molale intervened by referring the two parties to the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation for mediation.
“I am very sure we will reach an amicable solution because the farmers are not uncooperative like you are made to believe. The issue will be resolved,” Motlhabani told this publication. Meanwhile, in the opening of the Summer parliament recently, Boteti East legislator Setlhomo Lelatisitswe asked (i) whether the Orapa project budget was ever shared with the Minister of Mineral Resources, Green Technology and Energy Security Molale; (ii) how much has been spent so far and on what; (iii) whether the balance is suffiecient to satisfy the demands of the affected farmer; (iv) when the demands of the affected farmers will be met; and (v) whether Debswana is satisfied with the team in charge of the budget.
When answering, Molale revealed that so far P5.5 million has been used to compensate farmers who were relocated to make way for Orapa Park expansion. He said the compensation was for immovable assets and water rights. “The grievances from farmers are being processed and a response will be provided indue course. Mister Speaker, Debswana has a dedicated team of personnel on the resettlement issue and management is satisfied with their performance and accountability,” said Molale.
This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.
The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.
Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.
He was speaking in Parliament on Tuesday delivering Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.
Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.
The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.
The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.
The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.
This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.
Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.
Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.
However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.
Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.
When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.
This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.
Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.
The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.
Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.
In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.
Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.
Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.
Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.
Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”
He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”