As the standoff between President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi and former President, Lt Gen Dr Ian Khama takes twists and turns, it has come to the attention of this publication that in December 2016, the then Vice President, Mokgweetsi Masisi would surprise the last Central Committee meeting on a Monday by stepping down, and endorsing the name of Tshekedi Khama for chairmanship of the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
This was supposed to be a grand slam mastered by the legal brains of one Parks Tafa and it remained a secret that Khama says he would have gone to his cremation plate with had President Masisi not have discussed it at the party caucus last week. “What I am going to tell you now is not known, the reason why I am telling you is that Masisi is trying to shift the blame to me over the current situation,” former President Khama said.
In his search for a new Vice President in 2014 prior to 2015 Mmadinare elective congress President Khama suggested at the party caucus for a poll to endorse a name for a possible Vice President, something that was never done before. Tshekedi Khama led the poll followed Pelonomi Venson- Moitoi and Nonofo Molefhi. Masisi knew about the results of the poll but Khama had his reservations particularly that Tshekedi is his younger brother. Khama also wanted to break a barrier of North versus South and had to appoint Mokgweetsi Masisi against party caucus, a plan that would later backfire completely.
It was Khama’s long trusted man Parks Tafa who objected and later said, “This is a wrong man for the Vice Presidency.” After making his mind General Khama then sent Tafa to tip Masisi of the decision that is hatching. Upon receiving the good news Mokgweetsi Masisi then told Parks Tafa at his residence that he will make way for Tshekedi in position of party chairman as the caucus has entrusted him and later appoint him Vice President when he finally takes over from Ian Khama.
This is how the deal was hatched: 1) Tshekedi Khama approved that Masisi must take over and in return, he would appoint him Vice President. 2) Masisi being appointed Vice President when Ponatshego Kedikilwe retires. 3) Tshekedi Khama to become party chairman. In his own words Khama said: “One of the reasons I choose Masisi is because when he was the Minister in Presidential Affairs, he showed a lot of support for me especially during the 2011 public service strike where the unions were threatening MPs. He was bold and said no increment could be made and I thought he is someone who is very firm,” said Khama.
“Tafa was totally against Masisi’s appointment and he gave me reasons that I would not reveal to you.” When Tafa broke the news to Masisi, he assured him that he is indeed very humbled and was not expecting it. He then asked what about TK because he was up there? “I will make it up to him, I will make TK my Vice President,” Masisi told Tafa. Khama’s response to Tafa was that it is between TK and Masisi because when he becomes President, he has prerogative to nominate his Vice President.
Masisi is the one who broke the news to TK on the undertaking that he made to Parks Tafa. “I knew about it because they told me and was expecting that, that is what is going to happen. I am his older brother, I was disappointed when that didn’t happen but in life and in politics you have a lot of disappointments, that’s when you have to demonstrate maturity,” said Khama.
Khama said there is another Minister who came to him after Masisi became the President telling him that they are very disappointed because he has promised that person that he will appoint him the Vice President. At least two people were promised the post. When Tsogwane was appointed Chairman of the party, Khama called him and congratulated him, he knew automatically that he will eventually become Vice President. Khama later invited Tsogwane over lunch at his official residence.
“I even assured him that I will not be contesting the party chairman against him as people suggested. This thing of going around and telling people I am bitter is not true, all the extra things I asked from him… I was begging looking at the conditions that I will be facing. All these were agreed on in writing,” he said. “Now they are using the powers that they have to retaliate and withdraw my employees which were seconded to my office”.
Khama is of the view that the current feud will negatively impact the prospects of the BDP winning the 2019 general elections. A lot of democrats are unhappy, there is no unity after the recent primary elections and how the appeals were handled. I see a party divided going forward”. Khama said the reconciliation process that Masisi is proposing is likely to be a temporary arrangement. “After 2019 it will be business as usual, where is the goodwill? Is there sincerity that he needs to reconcile?”
Khama said he never had a succession plan because that does not work in a democratic system, people can reject your choice of successor. Contacted for comment Parks Tafa confirmed having struck a deal with Masisi and this would have been a secret he would go with to his cremation tray. He said he considered Masisi lucky because he would never had been Vice President nor President. Tafa still recalls events as they evolved in the build up to Tonota Congress in 2017 where Tshekedi was supposed to assume the party chairman.
He went to see Masisi at his home on Thursday evening and the two went through what was initially agreed and Masisi fine with the whole arrangement. He was going to resign as party chairman at the Central Committee meeting on Monday. Tafa communicated the results of the meeting to both Ian Khama and Tshekedi Khama. All the four agreed to meet on Friday but Masisi excused himself saying he is meeting with the wife in Johannesburg, South Africa.
On Friday morning at 0500hrs Tafa says he woke up to long WhatsApp message from Masisi saying he is not stepping down. They were hugely surprised, and this is when TK started not to trust Masisi and the brew of their long standoff. The terms have been broken completely and now Masisi was now proposing strongly and refusing to stepdown.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”