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Kgafela bids farewell to Bakgatla in Moruleng

Indications are that Bakgatla Kgosikgolo, Kgafela II and Government of Botswana are talking again and there is a likelihood that one of the most controversial traditional leaders of the land may come back and lead his people, Bakgatla Ba Kgafela. But there is a catch, apparently he has to renounce his multiple citizenship.

This past week Kgosi Kgafela addressed his subjects in Moruleng South Africa where he told them his job that side was done and he has accomplished what he started in 2012 when he arrived. In a speech that encoded both a Christmas and a farewell message, Kgafela thanked those who supported his mission.

“The way I see things, during 2018 we managed to accomplish what we came here for. What may be lagging behind will naturally correct along the way. We won the issue of land at the constitutional court after we learnt that Kgosi Nyalala and his friends at the mines were taking that which belonged to Bakgatla.”Kgafela emphasized that they have taught other tribes that the rule of law is very important. He implored Bakgatla to follow the rule of law, “because the law will always catch up with you, it may take you ages, flouting the law thinking you are above everything, but ultimately, it catches up with you,” he said.

In his speech to indicate that his next steps could be heading back to Botswana, Kgosi Kgafela emphasized that the Bakgatla in Moruleng should not forget that Bakgatla in Botswana, Mochudi helped them in a big way. “Always remember that Bakgatla in Mochudi helped this course and ensure that he assist them also should they need you,” he said. According to Kgafela, Bakgatla Ba Kgafela in Botswana have issues with the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) led government, and the time has come for him to address these subject.

“I do not want to leave these issues for Matshego (Kgafela’s son). It is time to take them head on starting next year (2019),” Kgosi Kgafela said to a loud applause from the crowd. Kgosi Kgafela shared that their issues with the BDP led Government come from far and it is time to deal with and close the chapter. Kgosi Kgafela is said to have endured a lot of pain while in South Africa because two of his closest friends passed on, one under mysterious circumstances and he could not come home to bury them.

“This has affected him greatly and wants to find peace with it,” said one of Kgosi Kgafela’s close associates. Indications are that the Bakgatla Ba Kgafela Kgosikgolo sees the need to return and he is almost there hence his latest message to Bakgatla in Moruleng, South Africa.

GOVERNMENT CONTACTS KGAFELA

This publication has it on good record that talks have begun between Kgosi Kgafela and the Government. Kgosi Kgafela and some within government have been in contact for about a month with the nagging issue being that of his multiple citizenships. Kgosi Kgafela has a USA, Botswana and South African citizenship.

The issue of Kgosi Kgafela’s citizenship was still the stumbling block during former President Lt Gen Dr Ian Khama’s tenure and it remains under President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi. With President Masisi’s speeches encoded on the ‘rule of law’, the role of the Attorney General’s Chambers will come in handy in the discussions with Kgosi Kgafela. It is understood that the AG’s Chambers wants Kgosi Kgafela II to renounce his other citizenships, a bait that he does not want to take. “Under former President Khama they had agreed on everything except the issue of citizenship.” It is elections next year in Botswana, and political war lords fighting on the BDP corner are adamant that should Kgosikgolo return, the BDP will walk over the opposition

KGAFELA’S CHIEFTAINSHIP AND CLASHES WITH GOV’T

Kgafela II, who was installed as Bakgatla chief in 2008, left the country in 2012, following a series of battles with government over a number of issues. He had been de-recognised by the then Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, Lebonaamang Mokalake at the time of his departure to South Africa, renouncing the Botswana citizenship in the process, after acquiring South African citizenship.

In a letter written to then Minister of Defence, Justice and Security Ramadeluka Seretse, Kgafela II stated in the letter that; “ I am a King who rules over a tribe in two countries. That circumstance is not of our own doing but a product of colonialism. The fact of the matter is that I have settled in South Africa permanently as a South Africa citizen. What you do with my citizenship of Botswana is up to you, since you now own the country as a family.”

In his previous battles with government, Kgafela II had challenged the constitution of Botswana wanting it to be set aside as he contended that it was fraudulently adopted. He was taken to court for floggings in Kgatleng, charged with several others. He left for South Africa when faced with an arrest warrant and a possible prison term. In his absence some of his co-accused made peace with the then Khama led Government, but he remained steadfast until today.

In South Africa, Kgafela II, where he emerged victorious again, was fighting an even tougher battle where his legitimacy as a ruler of Bakgatla in Moruleng was being questioned by one Nyalala Pilane who had been a regent since 1996.

BAKGATLA AND GOV’T TIFF EXPLAINED

Kgosi Kgafela explained their differences with the BDP led Government in detail in the past, he has said the issue is more than that. In fact few people understand how and when Bakgatla’s war of words with Government started.  “The Botswana government has a longstanding disrespect for Bakgatla and their tribal leadership. Khama is just pushing where his father left off,” he told WeekendPost when asked to give a clue that could lead to the start of the trouble back in 2012.

And if Kgafela‘s utterances are to be taken seriously then history may be repeating itself as former President Lt Gen Ian Khama‘s late father who also happens to be the first president of Botswana Sir Seretse Khama also went public, criticizing Kgafela‘s late father Kgosi Linchwe II on the revival of initiation schools in his 1975 independence day message; something that set the two on a collision path just like their sons now.

A perusal of history materials also show that the Bakgatla leadership and tribe have always been in the forefront of such issues. In fact it appears Kgafela took his cultural reform cues from his late father Kgosi Linchwe II. In their book, The Politics of the Past, scholars Peter Gathercole and David Lowenthal, quote Seretse Khama as saying that“…at this point one is tempted to remark about the renaissance of wasteful and long forgotten tribal rituals such as Bogwera.

In my view Bogwera is a divisive ritual. It smacks of the seeds of disunity, coming as it does, at a time when we thought we were winning the battle against tribalism. I would not agree with anybody who might want to convince me that Bogwera is a useful ritual in this day and age.” Kgafela believes that the animosity between the late Seretse Khama and Linchwe II has not followed them to their graves as he and Khama have revived it. Kgafela recalls that Khama‘s recent state of the nation address under Law and Order, was tailor-made for them when Khama talked of vigilantes.

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Bangwato regent speaks ‘respect for Dikgosi’

23rd May 2022
Bangwato

Presidential Commission of Inquiry into the Review of the Constitution held a meeting in Serowe this week. The meeting was to accord Bangwato, just like other tribes, a platform to give their opinions, contributions and what they think is the horse power and limitations of the current Constitution of Botswana.

Bangwato Regent, Kgosi Serogola Seretse said, he is of the understanding that the Commission has not come for anything apart from getting their opinions on how things could be made better. His contribution was that he solely knows of only two social positions in the world; Dikgosi and Pastors. He said other positions are just benedictions. He further urged that, Batswana should respect God’s ordained protocols such as Dikgosi and Pastors.

Seretse pointed out the importance of acknowledging and appreciating Dikgosi as nation builders. He cautioned and warned that, the Commission should ensure that their dealing with Dikgosi is harmonious. He called for an amendment to be made on the ‘National Order of Precedence’ noting that Dikgosi are put at number 11, but should at least be taken a little higher to number 7.

One resident, Tshepo Moloi while giving his contribution said there must be provisions of Social Justice that ensure equal distribution of resources to all citizens. He said this provision should entail an obligation that all citizen have equal opportunities to different Government Initiatives. Moloi substantiated that, all ‘Presidential Commissions’ be engraved on the Constitution

Alfred Thogolwane who is as well a resident of the biggest village in the Central District, pointed out the need for preservation of the country and resources thereof, saying “it must dawn onto all that, the calabash that fetches water for the family cannot fixed once its broken.”  Another resident, Keikantsemang Sebedi advocated for Polygamous marriage, saying that men should marry as many wives as they please. She said there is no need for any socioeconomic assessment done on men who wish to marry more than one wife.

She advised that, the country should benchmark from the Zezuru culture that does it, with no complexities. On the other hand, Sebedi said that, there must be considerations done on the Old Age Pension. She said people who earned P4000 should not receive the old Age Pension upon their fullness of age.  Forshia Koloi called for amendments on Section 77 and all the provisions that speaks to the subject of Bogosi and the powers infested in them. He said they should be made more detailed and avoid ambiguity in clauses.

Mr Tlhaodi said there must be Land Audits done in the country. Citing an example of the Tati Land as one that should be thoroughly audited. He further advised that, Election Day be put on the Calendar. He said, if it happens that the day be a Saturday, there should be some special dispensation for the 7th Day Adventist Church members to take part in voting without compromising on their day of worship. Tlhaodi added that there must be People’s Complaint Commission in the country.

Speakers emphasized the need for the country to review the exercise of ‘Political Party Funding’. They articulated that lack of funding political parties’ results in political parties resorting to finding funds for themselves. They reiterated that sometimes going to the extent of getting funds through illegal means. Bangwato agreed in one accord that they want the President be tried whilst in office if suspected of any criminal offences. This was revealed in their contributions. They pointed out that, the law should not to wait until the end of their tenure.

For his part, the Deputy Chairperson of the Commission Johnson Motshwarakgole expressed gratitude to the residents of Serowe. He applauded women for their kindness saying it is only them, who always take responsibility for doing things amicably in the society.

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Parliament unveils major shake-up plans & reforms

23rd May 2022
Parliament

Parliament has revealed that it plans to rollout a Community Score Card (CSC) exercise as part of sweeping reforms to its role and mandate among others.

The planed shakeup, along with the rollout of CSC will see creation of new Parliamentary Portfolio Committees on Health, HIV&AIDS, Education and Skills Development, Trade and Economic Development, Agriculture, Lands and Housing and Local Governance and Social Welfare.
Parliament informed government ministries and departments that the CSC is a participatory, community based monitoring and evaluation tool that enables citizens to assess the quality of public services and interact with services providers to express their concerns.

According to Parliament, the CSC will assist to inform community members about available services and their entitlements and to solicit their opinions about the accessibility and quality of certain services related to the portfolio committees mentioned.  It said the main objective is for Parliament through identified oversight committees is to conduct a participatory monitoring and evaluating process that puts ownership and responsibility for delivery of services in the hands of both the Government and the service recipients.

“Through scorecards developed around identified sectors and services, communities and implementing departments remain in touch with progress made through the programme delivery cycle and are able to respond timely to bottlenecks,” the National Assembly said.  Some of the measurements and expected outcomes for the rolling out of the CSC include among others, improved monitoring and economic evaluation, to determine the impact of spending, so as to be able to direct resources from where they having the least benefit to those projects and programmes where they will have a larger positive impact.

The National Assembly explained further that this could result in a willingness to close down ineffective programmes and institutions and not to implement projects that do not deliver adequate returns, improved productivity in the public services, especially given the substantial pay increases.

The National Assembly believes that the rolling out of CSC is also expected to result in efficiency savings: many public services and programmes could be delivered more effectively at lower costs, by improving management and accountability, and making use of e-services. “This would yield financial savings that could be used for development programmes or reducing the deficit,” the National Assembly said.

The exercise is also expected to result in “Careful scrutiny of subsidy schemes and termination of those that do not address market failure or assist truly needy Batswana.”  The National Assembly revealed that proposed Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Health and Wellness has been established in accordance with the Standing of National Assembly of Botswana.  It explained that the mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Health and HIV/AIDS.

“There is need to identify reasons for inefficiency and poor outcomes and ensure that health system reform improve productivity and value for money. Key areas of focus for scorecard, availability of drugs, staffing ratios, accessibility of health services, speciality care and services and sexual reproductively health,” the National Assembly said.

Another proposed Committee is on Local Governance and Social Welfare. The mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary Oversight and Scrutiny over Government Ministries. Departments and Agencies with Portfolio responsibilities in respect of Local Governance and Social Welfare.

“Strategies under NDP 11 to improve outcomes of social uplifment include; diversification of rural economies, development and support of small businesses, provision of social safety nets, eradication of absolute poverty, provision of quality and equitable education and harmonisation of social protection programmes,” said the National Assembly.  It said social nets need to be improved so as to target these most in need (at present some social safety nets benefit many people who are not the most needy, but also miss out some of those who are needy).

“Some social development policies more broadly should also aim to reduce household vulnerability to shocks such as those arising from fluctuations in agriculture, climate change, incomes and employment and improve their ability to handle shocks, thereby building household resilience,” the National Assembly said.

Another Committee established is on Agriculture, Lands and Housing. The mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over Government Institutions, Departments and Agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Agriculture, Lands and Housing.

The National Assembly said the average growth rate of the agricultural sector since the beginning of National Development Plan 11 (NDP11) (i.e. during the 2017/2018 and 2018/19 financial years) was 2.5 percent, making it the slowest growing sector of the economy, in line with its historical performance.

“Over the same period, its share of GDP has been stagnant at around 2 percent. The sector also contributes job opportunities for about 80 000 adults. Food security has become paramount since the onset of the corona virus pandemic,” the National Assembly said.  The National Assembly said the Government realises the need to increase food production for products in which Botswana has a cooperative advantage such as beef, grains and other horticulture products.

The Committee on Finance, Trade and Economic Development has also been established. One of the mandates of Committee would be to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over government ministries, departments and agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Finance, Development, Trade and Industry.

“The sector is at the core of industrialisation aspirations and strategies for economic development in Botswana. Manufacturing in particular can be the driver of economic growth through technological improvements and innovation,” the National Assembly said. Hence, it said, the development of the sector could also foster export diversification and export led-growth in Botswana while benefitting from the African Continental Free Trade Area (AFCFTA).

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Salbany, Bareetsi threaten to sue DIS

23rd May 2022
Salbany Bareetsi

Two senior members of Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) have threatened legal action against Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS), it has transpired. The threat is contained in an answering affidavit of Director General of DCEC, Tymon Katlholo in which he is seeking an interdiction from High Court to stop the DIS from accessing investigation files at his office.

After the DIS detained DCEC officials Joao Salbany and Tsholofelo Bareetsi on December 16, 2021, they filed an official complaint against DIS and some officials. They complained about abuse of office by DIS and five officers. Salbany and Bareetsi also complained about unlawful detention by DIS and unlawful dissemination of classified information contrary to Section 44 of Corruption and Economic Crime Act. “The DIS interviews were premised on information divulged during the course of official DCEC work product, that is the Monday media brief meeting,” they wrote.

They further requested leave to institute a civil suit against the DIS and its officers, and invariably the State for inhuman and degrading treatment they suffered and unlawful detention. They also pondered a declaratory seeking a sanction against the DIS and Botswana Police Service (BPS) and clarification of the role of BPS officers seconded to DIS.

“The envisaged suit against BPS and DIS officers and the DIS will inevitably centre on investigations done by the DCEC and the scope of the protection availed to DCEC officers for conduct done in the course and scope of DCEC official duties.” The duo said it was self-evident from the conduct of the DIS officers that there was nothing urgent about the information required by the DIS, justifying their detention at its Sebele facility from 08:30 hours on December 16, 2021 until 02:00 hours on December 17, 2021.

They reasoned that the information required by the DIS could have been obtained by a simple request to DCEC Director General. “What the DIS did was to seek to intimidate officers of the DCEC whom they knew were carrying out investigations against some of the DIS officers who were part of their investigation team. This turn of events has a chilling effect not only on the functioning of the DCEC but also on the official conduct of officers of the DCEC as to how they conduct their official duties.”

They concluded by stating that in the event the request is granted, they would further request to be advised as to the provision of legal representation as the unalwful detention and the degrading and inhuman treatment by the DIS was in relation to matters conducted by and on behalf of the DCEC.

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