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Masisi pokes Khama on Kalafatis, Motswaledi

President Mokgweetsi Masisi has thrown a political salvo towards his predecessor former President Ian Khama by threatening to reopen the cases of the late Gomolemo Motswaledi and John Kalafatis. 

President Masisi is said to have been angered by continuous maneuvers by his predecessor to unseat him as State President and leader of the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).  “The announcement by former Minister of Local Government and Rural Development Pelonomi Venson Moitoi to challenge Masisi as BDP party president is what broke the camel’s back. It has angered Masisi so much that he has vowed to do everything in his power to hit back at Khama,” a Cabinet member told this publication.

Prior to Moitoi’s decision, there were threats to impose a motion of no confidence against President Masisi by some BDP members of parliament and those in the opposition. Motswaledi and Kalafatis both died mysterious deaths and many within the opposition suspected a foul play by the State.  The deaths of the two remain the darkest period in the country’s post-independence history. The State has never owned up to full responsibility on the deaths of the two blaming fatigue causing an accident for Motswaledi and rogue intelligence officers having killed Kalafatis.

“Motswaledi having been suspended from the BDP as Secretary General went to form a breakaway political party the BMD, which became a national obstacle for the BDP.  BMD enjoyed overwhelming support amongst the youth and was seen as going to be an impediment to the BDP, more so that elections were in the horizon.  That was in 2014.  Indeed, even after the passing of Motswaledi, the BMD in cooperation with the BNF invigorated many Batswana voters and made a serious dent into the BDP’s majority in parliament winning 20 constituencies with BCP to BDP’s 37.”

Kalafatis’ family lawyer, Dick Bayford was recorded in one of the radio stations some years back revealing that the family was being systematically hunted down by State security because of an alleged controversial sex tape that the state security believe came into the late Kalafatis’ possession. The alleged video, according to Bayford, supposedly shows visuals stored on a laptop of a prominent State official in comprising sexual acts. The state security, so it is alleged, believes that the laptop containing the sexually explicit material was stolen by the late Kalafatis in 2009.

John was murdered by the Botswana Defence Force Military Intelligence in 2009 for undisclosed reasons. After public outcry and pressure from the family lawyers, the state prosecuted his killers who were convicted by the High Court. They had barely served their 11-year prison sentences when former President Khama pardoned them. Reasons for granting the convicts a rare presidential pardon has not been explained to the public.

In 2012, Kalafatis’ father was assaulted by unknown assailants and subsequently passed away from injuries sustained by the assault. He had been left severely beaten and left for dead behind Sir Seretse Khama Barracks in Mogoditshane. On December 18, 2013, near a residential location commonly referred to as Partial, Kalafatis’ younger brother, Costa, was unlawfully and wrongly shot by members of a kindred Botswana security agency. He sustained serious injuries and was hospitalised at Princess Marina Hospital where he died five days later.

“Now that Masisi and Khama have fallen out, Masisi who was Khama’s number 2 feels he knows a lot behind the killings.  This is supported by Peter Magosi taking over Isaac Kgosi’s role as DIS director,” said the source. “Magosi may have firsthand information on what went wrong with the killing of Kalafatis. He was head of Military Intelligence when the killing was conducted by his team.  Papers, augmented by testimonies of intelligence officers and witnesses appear to substantiate what scholars have always suspected: Ian Khama, then President and Isaac Kgosi DIS Director at the time, know something about the deaths of Motswaledi and Kalafatis.” 

Khama’s Orders

The little that Khama or his administration has said ever since about the death of Gomolemo and Kalafatis has been obfuscation and denial.  The closest that his administration has come to admitting official responsibility was after Former Vice President Mompati Merafhe was quoted saying “one or two deaths by the state is not bad”. 

Another incident is of a leaked WhatsApp message sent to a group of friends by a former Minister in Khama’s cabinet who felt betrayed by Khama and Masisi, shared with friends to say Kalafatis was assassinated at the instance of the state and that the BDP sponsored the breakaway of the BMD.   Now that Masisi himself is said to have threatened to open the cases brings to credibility that the demise of the two citizens was at the hands of the state.

In private conversation with BDP members, one of Khama’s remaining Ministers in Masisi Cabinet reportedly said to a senior Khama supporter, that “not only was Khama fully aware of what was going on, but the DIS led by Kgosi was operating under Khama’s explicit orders”.  So much he Khama and Kgosi bypassed the Minister of Justice and Defence at the time. In his defense last year, Isaac Kgosi was quoted to have said to one local publication that Peter Magosi is the one who should take responsibility and that he dares anyone to accuse of him of the killings. 

Government silence

Batswana have always questioned the extent of government’s knowledge in these deaths.  Evidence so far shows that former Vice Presidents, Cabinet Ministers and MPs of the ruling party though not necessarily in agreement came to understand that the two killings were the result of a formal, broad based decision by the leadership.  Their silence however can later prove to them being eager accomplices.

Whilst accurately it will never be known, the existence of DIS body bags and secret houses is evidence enough to suggest that killings happened under Khama’s administration.  Oral testimony from some DIS agents during Kgosi’s leadership points to host of killings that were unknown. Batswana’s only hope is that the political fight between Masisi and Khama intensifies so that they get to know many untold stories about the state.

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Civil Service volatility: Democracy vs Bureaucracy

19th April 2021
President Masisi

Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.

These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.

The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”

The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.

“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”

Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.

The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.

The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.

Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.

One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.

But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.

One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.

Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.

In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.

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Morupisi fights for freedom in court

19th April 2021
morupisi

Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.

Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.

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Pressure mounts on Biden to suspend Covid-19 vaccine patents

19th April 2021
Joe Biden

United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.

According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.

“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.

A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.

Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.

In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”

While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.

Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility.  Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.

For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies.  European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.

It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.

The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.

According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.

The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.

“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”

“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.”
The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”

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