Botswana Meat Commission has resorted to sourcing cattle in Boteti and Bobonong for slaughter at the Maun abattoirs due to cattle supply problems in Ngamiland. About 500 cattle from Bobirwa have reportedly been slaughtered at the abattoir this week. Plant manager, Oabona Ramotshwara told Weekendpost that the latest development was caused by the supply problems in Ngamiland.
Maun BMC is experiencing cattle supply problems as government recently decided to introduce Commodity Based Trade approach for the Ngamiland cattle due to Foot and Mouth Prevalence in the area. CBT is a set of meat-processing value chain-based approaches which can guarantee that beef from FMD endemic areas is free to access markets. As part of CBT all cattle have to be quarantined for a specific period before they are transported for slaughter at the abattoir.
However quarantining implementation is still lacking behind due to a stand-off between farmers and BMC as to who will bear the costs of cattle transportation to the quarantine. The quarantines also need maintainace due to the marauding elephants that destroy the fence. Due to the ensuing supply impasse, BMC argues that they have no option but to buy from outside the district as local farmers are reluctant to sell to the government abattoir further citing reasons amongst them late payments.
The parastatal says that as such the local farming community prefers to sell to privately-owned abattoirs in the district. The BMC plant manager confirmed to WeekendPost that they are currently buying cattle in Zone 7 in the Bobirwa area following a stalemate over purchase prices between the abattoir and the farmers and delays in the commencement of cattle quarantining.
Ramotshwara explained that they have resorted to purchase cattle from outside the district following Ramotshwara also said that the BMC’s position is that farmers can be paid at P23 per kg of carcass provided the latter (farmers) foot the costs of transportation and quarantine. But farmers argue that such additional costs must be borne by the BMC. He argues that as a business the BMC has to continue operating; hence they had to explore alternative supply markets outside the district.
He explained that towards the end of last year they had been buying in the Boteti area, specifically Motopi, Moreomaoto and Khumaga but thy quality of livestock had been unsatisfactory. He noted that the BMC had been unable to slaughter cattle during the months of November and December due to shortage of supply in Ngamiland. They last slaughtered cattle from Ngamiland was in October, he said.
Ramotshwara further said that the cattle from Zone 7 are attractive is that they are quarantined before being sent to Maun – which is in keeping with critical requirement for the BMC when trading beef from foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) affected regions. Meanwhile the Director of Veterinary Services, Dr Letlhogile explained in an interview that the arrangement to get cattle from Bobirwa and Boteti is temporary.
He said: “Boteti is a green zone and its cattle can be slaughtered anywhere in Botswana including in Lobatse. He explained that DVS is still maintaining quarantines in Ngamiland which will enable farmers to begin selling to the Maun abattoir.” Dr Modisa further revealed that they are expecting inspectors from South Africa to inspect the Maun abattoir and Makalamabedi quarantine as they want to buy beef from the abattoir to South Africa. Dr Modisa said cattle quarantining will be obligatory for all the cattle that will be sold to the Maun abattoir as part of the implementation of CBT.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.