Hello and welcome back! We trust you are enjoying learning about King Alcohol, its impact on our health and community as well as how to take care of your wellbeing.
According to WHO, there is no Safe Drinking, only Low Risk Drinking.
Today, we will talk about Alcohol and pregnancy as well as how the use of other substances may impact my chances of a healthy baby. Most experts advise completely avoiding alcohol during pregnancy. There is a significant risk of birth defects related to use of alcohol during pregnancy. Heavy drinking can cause fetal alcohol syndrome, which stunts normal growth and may cause intellectual disability, malformations of the skull and face, and other problems. Moderate alcohol consumption may also be harmful, although this is a matter of some controversy. There is no known benefit of alcohol use during pregnancy.
What can happen if I drink alcohol or use drugs during pregnancy? Well, it can cause serious problems in your baby. Women should stop drinking alcohol and taking any illegal drugs before they try to get pregnant. This is important because:
â—Even small amounts of alcohol or certain drugs can be harmful to a pregnancy. It’s generally agreed that they’re no known low risk drinking or drug use with pregnancy.
â—Women do not always know they are pregnant for the first few weeks of their pregnancy.
Women who want to get pregnant should also consult a doctor or nurse about any prescription medicines they maybe taking. Some medicines are not safe during pregnancy.
If you drink alcohol during pregnancy your bundle of joy can be born with fatal alcohol syndrome (also called "FAS"). This condition causes brain damage and growth problems. Compared with normal babies, babies with FAS tend to weigh less, have smaller heads, and be very fussy. Their facial features may be characterised by skinfolds at the corners of their eyes, a low nasal bridge, a short nose, small mid-face, small eye openings, thin upper-lip, and an indistinct philtrum (groove between nose and upper lip). When they grow up, they have life-long problems in how they think and act.
Indulging while pregnant can also make women more likely to have a "stillbirth, which is when a baby dies before birth, in the second half of pregnancy (after 20 weeks). How risky is taking drugs during pregnancy? That depends on which drug you take, when you take it, how much of it you take, and for how long. Not every woman who uses drugs during pregnancy has extra problems, but many women and their babies do.
The problems can also depend on other things, such as whether the mother smokes or drinks alcohol while taking drugs. Doctors do not know for sure exactly what each illegal drug does to a pregnancy or a growing baby. That's because it is a very hard thing to study. Women who use illegal drugs during pregnancy often use more than 1 drug, making it tough to know for sure which drug caused which problem They also tend to have other problems that might be caused by something other than drug use.
Despite these issues, there is enough good evidence to convince doctors that women should avoid all illegal drugs and alcohol during pregnancy. There is also good proof that the following drugs can cause certain problems:
â—Heroin or other narcotic pain medicine: Use by pregnant women can be very dangerous for them and their babies. For example, they can get infections that could infect the baby. The babies can weigh less than normal or have a serious problem called "neonatal abstinence syndrome" when they are born. These same problems can happen if a pregnant woman takes prescription pain medicines called "opioids" or "narcotics."
â—Cocaine: Pregnant women who take cocaine are more likely to have problems with the placenta. The placenta is the organ that forms between the mother and her baby during pregnancy. It brings the baby nutrients and oxygen and carries away waste. Using cocaine can cause the placenta to separate from the mother's uterus before delivery. This can be harmful for the mother and baby.
Babies born to mothers who use cocaine during pregnancy have a higher chance of being born too early (premature) or being too small. These problems can affect the baby's feeding, sleeping, breathing, vision, and hearing. Using other drugs, such as marijuana or methamphetamine, during pregnancy might also cause problems for the baby either at birth or later in life. More research is needed to understand how these drugs affect pregnancy.
What should I do if I am pregnant and already use alcohol or drugs? It is best to speak to your doctor or nurse. They can give you advice on the best and safest way to quit. If you use alcohol, heroin, or opioid medicines, stopping suddenly can be dangerous for you or your baby. Your doctor or nurse can help you get off alcohol or drugs safely, so that your baby can be as healthy as possible. As part of this process, you might need to take certain medicines. Your doctor or nurse can also put you in touch with counsellors or other people you can call for support.
If you are in any way worried about your drinking, there are resources in the community that can help. You can learn more or get the help you need at Botswana Substance Abuse Support Network (Bosasnet), for both alcohol and drugs. Gaborone HYPERLINK "http://www.bosasnet.com/" http://www.bosasnet.com/ Cell: +267 72659891, Tel: +267 395 9119/ 391 3490
For alcohol, contact Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), Francistown: 73576244 AA Gaborone: 7232 0827 AA Palapye: 71240895 AA Mahalapye: 72846889
See you next week, still to come: What about Alcohol, HIV and I? Alcohol, TB and I? Alcohol, NCDs and I? By Team Holistic Health We acknowledge these RESOURCES
AUDIT-Guidelines for use in primary care-WHO www.alcohol-phaseiv.com https://www.uptodate.com https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2018/may/27/mothers-children-foetal-alcohol-syndrome-south-africa https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/foetal-alcohol-syndrome/
A job, lucrative or not, is a job after all. Sometimes one has to compromise in order to make a living, few people get a job their dream jobs. But once in a while there is an emergence of people who listen to their inner calling to pursue their passion.
The founder and head designer of Butterfly Couture, Chawa July is one of those few people who left their job to pursue their passion. An inspiring fact about July is that she is a self-taught fashion designer, she used to copy patterns from her old clothes until she learnt how to draw them, and she also searched information from the internet to increase her knowledge and skills.
“It all started as a hobby from my love for beautiful dresses and I started adjusting and making clothes for myself. Gradually people around me started to take interest in my craft and the hobby slowly grew into a profitable business,” July said.
The 41 year fashion designer from Molepolole worked her way up in the Procurement space for over 10 years. She worked at Stanbic Bank, Kromberg & Schubert and Clover Dairy as a Procurement supervisor. Her last job before she entered the fashion industry was a Manager for Contacts & Sourcing at a Facilities Management Company.
She established her fashion house in October 2019 and it has become synonyms with elegant wedding gowns and exquisite evening wear. July said when designing she is inspired by various aspects such as the client’s personality, the mood of the event and the theme. She further mentioned that every opportunity is to show her craft so she always aims to please.
“Every Butterfly Couture piece must represent the elegance and the creativity the brand is about,” she said. Butterfly Couture has adorned beauty queens; Miss Botswana 2021/2022 Ambrociah Samboko at Miss Universe in South Korea and Miss Botswana 2019,Oweditse Fafah Phirinyane during her reign of which is the highlight of her career. They have also marked their presence in a few fashion events locally and in the neighbouring countries.”
They showcased at The Grand Palm Wedding Expo, Masa Fashion Show, Miss Botswana Fashion Show and Sacunda plus Size Fashion Show. The will also be showcasing at Gabs July Fashion Show on the 15th of July alongside the South African designer, popularly known as the King of glamour David Tlale.
July also identified that one of the challenges they face in the couture is that, it’s a seasonal business. “There are times in the year when the business is great and challenging. Winter in particular, is difficult time to stay afloat as there aren’t as many events that people are inspired to dress spectacularly for,” she said. She further said that her aim is to be a prime couturier of choice in Botswana.
“Craft like your life depends on it because every happy client is 10 more referrals” is what she said when asked to serve a word of wisdom to people hoping to make it in the fashion industry.
The Botswana Gospel Music Awards (BOGMA) and the Annual Gospel Awards (AGA) are said to be no longer in existence and a joint venture project has been put up that will carry out the awarding of gospel musicians.
The new entity has been established as Gospel Music Awards, which is a project at this moment is nearer to dishing out the first Gospel Awards under the leadership of the dissolved entities (BOGMA and AGA). “The difference is the same, it is just that the two projects were run by different minds which had differing objectives,” said the project coordinator, Letsweletse Moshabi when asked what the difference was between the two previous awards.
He added that at this junction their focus is on the future of the gospel musicians and they would like to direct their energies to the new project and forgo the past projects. “The Music market especially the gospel genre is too small and that basically means the very small market was experiencing the imbalance in the supply and demand forces. At that stage, supply was more than the demand so the reason for the joint forces is to allow the supply and demand forces to readjust and form equilibrium,” added Moshabi.
The mandate and objectives of the project are to recognize and award gospel music talent, to create awareness of the Botswana gospel music industry and to create a platform where fellow musicians may exchange ideas and network amongst themselves and approach international markets in cohesion.
The first of these joint awards will be held on the 27th August 2022 at Molapo Showcase under the theme ‘Cohesiveness to Build’ where about 18 categories will be up for grabs.
The Kumnandi Ekhaya musik festival will be held on the 30th September 2022 at Thamaga village. The event coincides with the release of famous host, Dj Ngwazi’s first album called ‘spring day’ on the 2nd of September 2022.
The Thamaga born and raised Lefika Lushen Kebatlege is a disc jockey and a music producer signed under WanitwaMos Entertainment in South Africa. Famously known as Dj Ngwazi and formally known as DJ superstar, he has really worked hard to become one of the finest export DJs the country has produced. Internationally, he is described as a DJ from South African because of his works with popular music artist Master KG.
Meanwhile, the music festival will feature South African artists, Makhazi, Master KG, Prince Benza and Mthunzi. They will also be joined by some of the big local artists, Franco, Vee Mampeezy, among others. “The tickets of the concert will be available at Spar stores, webticket and Kings bar. There will be three categories for VIP tickets, the one that goes for P1000, P1500 and P2200,” said the Kumnandi Ekhaya musik fest promoter Sadie Swartz of Saysay Entertainment.
“We have a new system to tackle the cry of promoters about security at the events. We will have a team of 100 security men, 10 horses and 15 dogs. We also agreed with the police to help with traffic control and no tickets will be sold at the gate to avoid circulation of money which can attract thieves,” said Kagiso Gaodumelwe from All Night Security.
“I started deejaying back in the days when I was still schooling at Kagiso Senior School and I never stopped working towards my career since then. I have a career in South Africa, since 2018 when Master KG took me in and his support as a brother has taken me to places,” said DJ Ngwazi describing his career journey.
“Kumnandi Ekhaya is Zulu language which means ‘go monate ko gae’ in Setswana. The name came about as a way of inviting my South African fans and supporters to my home village Thamaga to come experience the joy that comes with celebrating our freedom and independence. I used isiZulu because it’s the dominant language in South Africa,” explained Dj Ngwazi.
“The concert will be held in an open space which was used for agricultural purposes and we would like to call it ‘Ko Legoleng’. With this concert I want to redeem the dignity of our village because we once had the cases of youth who were terrorizing the community, beating up people in the streets and stealing and these was really a concern in our community because they were tarnishing the village name,” said Dj Ngwazi.
The purpose of this concert is to empower the community of Thamaga and local artist, more especially artist from Thamaga village like, Kgabo Sereto traditional group. There will be a litter picking campaign around the village before the launch of the concert .The sponsors which are already on board are Dladleng Entertainment and Kings bar and there are still more sponsors to be revealed.
”As the Kumnandi Ekhaya musik fest management, we are going to buy food combos and take them to Thamaga village Kgotla so they can be donated to the less privileged and orphans. Starting from October we will be donating pads to all Junior Schools in Thamaga,” said Dj Ngwazi. Dj Ngwazi’s motivational words to other artist and everyone else; work hard, be patient and be determined.