Botswana Defence Force has explained why former President and former Commander Lt. Gen Ian Khama was not invited to the commemoration of the Fallen Heroes held at the Three Chiefs Monument earlier this week.
In an enquiry by WeekendPost the Director of Protocol and Public Affairs, Botswana Defence Force (BDF) Colonel Tebo Dikole confirmed that they were aware that the Former President was not invited. He established that attendance of BDF events by Former Commanders are strictly by invitation. Dikole explained that Khama’s designation as ‘Former President’ precedes that of Former Commander hence the reason he did not receive an invitation by the BDF despite having invited all Former Commanders to the ceremony.
“Yes, Former Commanders were invited to the Fallen Heroes Commemoration albeit Former President Lt Gen Seretse Khama Ian Khama was not invited as his designation “Former President” precedes that of a Former Commander,” Dikole said. Dikole said it is worth noting that since the inception of the Fallen Heroes Commemoration in 2011 it is worth noting that since the inception of the Fallen Heroes Commemoration in 2011 when it was dubbed Lesoma Commemoration to date, no Former Presidents have been invited to attend the ceremony.
Precedent has been set where the invite is extended to the current President and his Vice President as was the case on the 27th February 2019. He however indicated that in the past they have had serving Presidents attending with their Vice Presidents (Former President Lt Gen Dr SKI Khama and the late Former Vice President Lt Gen MS Merafhe, Former President Lt Gen Dr SKI Khama and Former Vice President Dr PHK Kedikilwe, Former President Lt Gen Dr SKI Khama and Former Vice President MEK Masisi), and in 2019 His Excellency Dr Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe Masisi and His Honor the Vice President Slumber Tsogwane were in attendance as it has been the norm.
Khama’s snubbing has polarised the public with some questioning why former president was not invited yet he was the Commander of BDF at some point and that most Fallen Heroes died under his tenure. Khama served as BDF commander from 1989 until his retirement in 1998 to take up a role in politics.
Dikole explained that it is not the discretion of the BDF to control who lays a wreath or pays tribute to its heroes and heroines who are laid to rest in various towns and villages of this country including extension 14 cemetery therefore what Khama did was not erroneous. “Please note that the 14 members who are laid to rest at Extension 14 cemetery perished in 1978 during Former Vice President Lt Gen Mompati Merafhe's tenure as the Commander of the BDF while at the time Former President Lt Gen Dr Seretse Khama Ian Khama was his Deputy.”
After receiving the invitation Khama, accompanied by Botswana Democratic (BDP) Member of Parliament (MP) for Nata-Gweta constituency, Polson Majaga, laid a wreath at the Extension 14 cemetery in Gaborone. Masisi had already laid a wreath at the Three Chiefs Monument earlier that day. Speaking to this publication Khama seemed to be surprised as to why he did not receive an invitation from the BDF, stressing that as former commander he had expected to be invited.
“I was not invited, I do not understand why I was not invited because as Former Commander of the BDF it is within my right,” Khama said. Khama, however said not being invited could not stop him from commemorating the “Fallen Heroes” as this is what he usually does every year. “I am doing this because not being invited should not stop me from commemorating the Fallen Heroes. It is what I do yearly and will continue doing,” he concluded.
This event which was known then as Lesoma Commemoration Day was first commemorated in 2011 at the Extension 14 cemetery where the remains of the fifteen (15) deceased members of the BDF lie entombed. After careful introspection it was changed to Fallen Heroes so as to include other members of the BDF who passed on in the line of duty.
While in Gaborone this commemoration takes place here at the Three (3) Dikgosi monument, other commemorations are also being observed today at Thebephatswa Air Base, Francistown Donga Camp, Lesoma Village and Eastern Military Garrison in Selibe Phikwe to recognize the fallen heroes in different parts of this country.
Over 2,000 civil servants in the public sector have been interdicted for a variety of reasons, the majority of which are criminal in nature.
According to reports, some officers have been under interdiction for more than two years because such matters are still being investigated. Information reachingÂ WeekendPostÂ shows that local government, particularly councils, has the highest number of suspended officers.
In its annual report, the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) revealed that councils lead in corrupt activities throughout the country, and dozens of council employees are being investigated for alleged corrupt activities. It is also reported that disciplined forces, including the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), police, and prisons, and the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) have suspended a significant number of officers.
The Ministry of Education and Skills Development has also recorded a good number of teachers who have implicated in love relationships with students, while some are accused of impregnating students both in primary and secondary school. Regional education officers have been tasked to investigate such matters and are believed to be far from completion as some students are dragging their feet in assisting the investigations to be completed.
This year, Mmadinare Senior Secondary reportedly had the highest number of pregnancies, especially among form five students who were later forcibly expelled from school. Responding to this publicationâ€™s queries, Permanent Secretary to the Office of the President Emma Peloetletse said, â€śas you might be aware, I am currently addressing public servants across the length and breadth of our beautiful republic. Due to your detailed enquiry, I am not able to respond within your schedule,â€ť she said.
She said some of the issues raised need verification of facts, some are still under investigation while some are still before the courts of law.
Meanwhile, it is close to six months since the Police Commissioner Keabetwe Makgophe, Director General of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) Tymon Katlholo and the Deputy Director of the DIS Tefo Kgothane were suspended from their official duties on various charges.
Efforts to solicit comment from trade unions were futile at the time of going to press.
Some suspended officers who opted for anonymity claimed that they have close to two years while on suspension. One stated that the investigations that led him to be suspended have not been completed.
â€śIt is heartbreaking that at this time the investigations have not been completed,â€ť he toldÂ WeekendPost, adding that â€śwhen a person is suspended, they get their salary fully without fail until the matter is resolvedâ€ť.
Makgophe, Katlholo and Kgothane are the three most high-ranking government officials that are under interdiction.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.
The impacts of climate change are increasing in frequency and intensity every year and this is forecast to continue for the foreseeable future. African CEOs in the Global South are finally coming to the party on how to tackle the crisis.
Following the completion of COP27 in Egypt recently, CEOs of Africa DFIs converged in Botswana for the CEO Forum of the Association of African Development Finance Institutions. One of the key themes was on green financing and building partnerships for resource mobilization in financing SDGs in Africa
A report; “Weathering the storm; African Development Banks response to Covid-19” presented shocking findings during the seminar. Among them; African DFI’s have proven to be financially resilient, and they are fast shifting to a green transition and it’s financing.
COO, CEDA, James Moribame highlighted that; “Everyone needs food, shelter and all basic needs in general, but climate change is putting the achievement of this at bay. “It is expensive for businesses to do business, for instance; it is much challenging for the agricultural sector due to climate change, and the risks have gone up. If a famer plants crops, they should be ready for any potential natural disaster which will cost them their hard work.”
According to Moribame, Start-up businesses will forever require help if there is no change.
“There is no doubt that the Russia- Ukraine war disrupted supply chains. SMMEs have felt the most impact as some start-up businesses acquire their materials internationally, therefore as inflation peaks, this means the exchange rate rises which makes commodities expensive and challenging for SMMEs to progress. Basically, the cost of doing business has gone up. Governments are no longer able to support DFI’s.”
Moribame shared remedies to the situation, noting that; “What we need is leadership that will be able to address this. CEOs should ensure companies operate within a framework of responsible lending. They also ought to scout for opportunities that would be attractive to investors, this include investors who are willing to put money into green financing. Botswana is a prime spot for green financing due to the great opportunity that lies in solar projects. ”
Technology has been hailed as the economy of the future and thus needs to be embraced to drive operational efficiency both internally and externally.
Executive Director, bank of Industry Nigeria, Simon Aranou mentioned that for investors to pump money to climate financing in Africa, African states need to be in alignment with global standards.
“Do what meets world standards if you want money from international investors. Have a strong risk management system. Also be a good borrower, if you have a loan, honour the obligation of paying it back because this will ensure countries have a clean financial record which will then pave way for easier lending of money in the future. African states cannot just be demanding for mitigation from rich countries. Financing needs infrastructure to complement it, you cannot be seating on billions of dollars without the necessary support systems to make it work for you. Domestic resource mobilisation is key. Use public money to mobilise private money.” He said.
For his part, the Minster of Minister of Entrepreneurship, Karabo Gare enunciated that, over the past three years, governments across the world have had to readjust their priorities as the world dealt with the effects and impact of the COVID 19 pandemic both to human life and economic prosperity.
“The role of DFIs, during this tough period, which is to support governments through countercyclical measures, including funding of COVID-19 related development projects, has become more important than ever before. However, with the increasingly limited resources from governments, DFIs are now expected to mobilise resources to meet the fiscal gaps and continue to meet their developmental mandates across the various affected sectors of their economies.” Said Gare.