President Mokgweetsi Masisi has said the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) could have lost power under the president of Lt Gen Ian Khama in 2014, had it not been Botswana Congress Party (BCP)’s decision not to contest under the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) ticket.
Masisi, who succeeded Khama as the leader of the ruling party as well as president of Botswana in April 2018 said his predecessors’ poisonous relationship with public sector trade unions had severe impact that the ruling party lost significant support — leading to a 46 percent popular vote — the first time below 50 percent since independence.
“Just analyse a little bit what are the things which contributed to our decline in 2014 where we nearly lost the elections. Had it not been the miscalculations of the BCP as they always miscalculate, we would have lost. BDP would have been in the opposition,” Masisi contended. “So it is only natural that when you come on board following this analysis you target those points that made people to run away from us. Labour relations was a big thing, particularly the labour movement [BOFEPUSUS] which were in my view stronger than the effect of opposition parties. So I had to deal with it. You sit down and you have to talk to people. They are people, and they are citizens of this country. You accept that you made the mistake but then walk on with them.
“Another issues was that, public servants salaries were suppressed for too long. I had a team that I gave the mandate to engage with the unions and whenever there was a problem during the negotiations I will summon everybody and tell them what to do. We reached an agreement and it is them [public sector unions] who pronounced the agreement.”
As part of normalising relations with the unions, government recently reached an agreement with public sector union to increase public servants salaries by 10 percent and 6 percent for the scales A-B and C-D respectively for the next two financial years. This was the biggest increment for public servants in the last 10 years, and the first which was applied in pyramid format as the unions have consistently suggest over the past years.
Masisi also indicated that the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) was another major factor that contributed to BDP’s dismal performance in 2014 general elections, because it created fear in the society, including among cabinet ministers. “There was a lot of fear and anxiety. People were afraid of using their phones and they suspected everybody to be spy. You were all scared. Even ministers were scared and they told me.so I dealt with it,” he said. Masisi said this is the basis for his campaign to continue leading the BDP and the country after 2019 October elections.
He said the opposition in its current form has nothing to offer and he is confident that BDP will emerge victorious after the elections. The BDP leader however said, his decision to reverse some of the things which were leading to the decline of the party has rubbed others the wrong way, and he believes it could be the reason why for the first time in the history of the party, a president is challenged for the party leadership. “I sense a little bit of nostalgia from some of my colleagues. Some want to go back to the old ways of doing things,” he said.
Still at the media engagement session, Masisi warned about the dangers of changing party leadership on the eve of general elections. Masisi warned party faithful that removing him from party leadership would result in creation of two centres of power and would have negative repercussions on the party. Incidentally, Masisi last week told democrats at South East regional congress the same reasons against displacing him from power.
"If by accident you decide not to elect me presidential candidate, I would still continue as party president and also president of the republic. I call central committee and I direct the party. This is what we call two centres of power,” he said. "In the time between, when you are out in the trenches trying to be understood on who you are, you will have little time to rebrand. Even the party t-shirts branded me will be put aside and you'll have to create new ones."
MASISI DENIES SETTLING POLITICAL SCORES USING STATE ORGANS
Masisi has affirmed that high ranking public figures who are subjected of investigations by various security and law enforcement organs will face the wrath of the law, and will have their day in court. Masisi said he would not protect anyone and neither has he influenced state law enforcement organs to settle political scores. In the wake political turmoil in the ruling party, several high ranking public figures, who served in Khama’s administration have been raided and arrested in connection with corruption activities during their tenure in power.
Masisi however believes those who being investigated should not use the ‘political score settling card’ which he said it is becoming fashionable with particular section of people, urging that they should rather defend themselves in court if they are indeed innocent. “When somebody steals wheelbarrows and cement belong to Ipelegeng and is charged, why would those stealing huge amount of money not face the wrath of the law? Everyone must face the wrath of the law,” he argued.
MASISI TELLS OFF THE WEST ON BOTSWANA TOURISM
The recent pronouncement on the possibility of lifting hunting ban, has attracted negative media reports in the western media. However, Masisi has not taken kindly to criticism of Botswana for supposed ‘failure” to protect animals. “People sit in the comfort of where they come and lecturer us about the management of species they do not have. They want to admirer from distance. In their admiration of species they forget that we too, the people of Botswana are species,” he said.
“They talk as if we are trees and grass that elephants eat. I can smell it. It’s a racist onslaught. “ Masisi said the elephant management survey of 2011 indicated that Botswana’s carrying capacity was about 54 000 but Botswana’s current elephant population is about 130 000 and 70 percent roam outside designated parks.
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.