A gigantic French company with a penchant for multinational luxury products is in for a takeover of three safaris located in the tourism rich paradise in the northern part of Botswana, BusinessPost has established.
LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton SE also known as LVMH is registered in Paris, France. The Euronext Paris listed company is controlled by the Arnault family. On top of the company is its chairman cum CEO Bernard Arnault, the fourth wealthiest man according to Forbes Magazine, who runs the company with his children; daughter Delphine is Bernard’s number two and Antoine is head of communications.
Bernard’s third child Alexandre runs German luggage brand Rimowa, which LVMH bought in 2016 while his fourth child Frédéric is a strategy and digital director of TAG Heuer, the largest watch brand owned by LVMH. The Arnault family owns a stake of 47 percent in LVMH through the family holding company called Groupe Arnault.
LVMH is known for luxury brands like the fashion house and luxury retail company known for leather clothing, Louis Vuitton. The other luxury brands by LVMH are the plush winery producer Moet and the elite cognac brandy of Hennessy. The company also has investments on real estate and hotel sectors. And according information seen by this publication, LVMH will soon be the owner of some accommodation property in Botswana in the form of 5 star rated safari lodges which are owned by Belmond, a company that is being purchased by the French company.
Last year the French company said it is planning on acquiring Belmond for $25.00 per Class A share in cash and this represents an equity value of $2.6 billion in a transaction with an enterprise value of $3.2 billion. The company revealed that time that the transaction would be completed in the first half of 2019 subject to the approval of Belmond’s shareholders and clearance by the relevant competition authorities.
It has emerged that Belmond has agreed to give the luxury dealer all its shares, meaning LVMH will now have sole ownership of the three safari lodges in Botswana; Belmond Kwai River Lodge, Belmond Savute Elephant Lodge and the Belmond Eagle Island Lodge. The three safari lodges were owned by Belmond. Belmond was partially owned by LVMH which indirectly owns the company (Belmond) with BlackRock Inc, Dimensional Fund Advisors LP, Capital Research Global Investors, The Vanguard Group, Southeastern Asset Management Inc and Giuseppe Statuto.
Belmond whose directors are; Roland Hernandez, Harsha V. Agadi, Mitchell Hochberg (all American), Ruth Kennedy, Ian Livingston, Demetra Pinsent, Gail Rebuck (all British) and H. Roeland Vos (Belgium) is listed on the New York Stock Exchange. Apart from owning safari lodges in Botswana, Belmond is a luxury hotel company and adventure travel operator that operates 46 properties which include 33 deluxe hotels, 3 safari lodges, one stand-alone restaurant, seven tourist trains and two river/canal cruise businesses. Belmond also operates famous trains and cruises in Europe, Peru and Asia.
LVMH is expected to add luxury, a word synonymous with the French company, to the already 5 Star rated plushy Belmond lodges located between the Okavango Delta, the rich tourist attract area of Moremi Game Reserve and the wildlife thronged Chobe National Park.
The Belmond safari lodges in Botswana are part of the group’s world operations which translated a revenue improvement of $1.1 million, from $35.6 million to $36.7 million. The marginal increase in Belmond’s world operations revenues are said to be due to impending of refurbishment at Belmond Savute Elephant Lodge which was closed from November 2017 to June 2018.
Belmond recorded total revenues of $572 million and adjusted EBITDA of $140 million in the twelve months ended 30m September 2018. Belmond’s Net losses for the full year 2018 were $28.5 million ($0.28 per common share), compared to net losses of $45.0 million ($0.44 per common share) for the full year 2017.
This publication has not been able to get Belmond and LVMH’s take on this recent acquisition which will see the French’s biggest luxury company lonely spreading its wing into Africa and specifically Botswana’s paradise which is the region’s tourist focal point. The local antitrust body, Competition Authority, is expected to rule on the Belmond-LVMH merger. LVMH is said to have given the local antitrust body notification for its intentions to acquire Belmond-a move which will see the French luxury company take full control of three safari lodges ploughed on Botswana’s tourist area.
LVMH chairman Arnault said in the company’s website last year that the acquisition of Belmond will significantly increase his company’s presence in the ultimate hospitality world. “Belmond delivers unique experiences to discerning travelers and owns a number of exceptional assets in the most desirable destinations. Its heritage, its innovative services, its excellence in execution and its entrepreneurship resonates well with the values of the Group and is complementary to our own Cheval Blanc maisons and the Bvlgari hotels activities,” said Arnault in the company’s website.
In an interview with BusinessPost Belmond head of communication, Jocelyn Betts said LVMH taking over the company does not mean its operations will change as Belmond will still own the three safari lodges. “Belmond has three luxury lodges in Botswana and we do not anticipate any foreseeable change to our portfolio in this market as a result of the transaction with LVMH. Under LVMH ownership, we look forward to taking our brand to new heights and to continuing to expand our portfolio of luxury travel experiences,” said Betts.
Botswana has recently recorded a significant trade deficit of over P6 billion. This trade deficit, which occurred in November 2023, follows another deficit of P4.7 billion recorded in October of the same year. These figures, released by Statistics Botswana, highlight a decline in export revenues as the main cause of the trade deficit.
In November 2023, Botswana’s total export revenues amounted to P2.9 billion, a decrease of 24.3 percent from the previous month. Diamonds, a major contributor to Botswana’s exports, experienced a significant decline of 44.1 percent during this period. This decline in diamond exports played a significant role in the overall decrease in export revenues. However, diamonds still remained the leading export commodity group, contributing 44.2 percent to export revenues. Copper and Machinery & Electrical Equipment followed, contributing 25.8 percent and 10.1 percent, respectively.
Asia emerged as the leading export market for Botswana, receiving exports worth P1.18 billion in November 2023. The United Arab Emirates, China, and Hong Kong were the top destinations within Asia, receiving 18.6 percent, 14.2 percent, and 3.8 percent of total exports, respectively. Diamonds and Copper were the major commodity groups exported to Asia.
The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) received Botswana’s exports worth P685.7 million, with South Africa being the main recipient within SACU. The European Union (EU) received exports worth P463.2 million, primarily through Belgium. Australia received exports worth P290 million, while the United States received exports valued at P69.6 million, mostly composed of diamonds.
On the import side, Botswana imported goods worth P9.5 billion in November 2023, representing an increase of 11.2 percent from the previous month. The increase in imports was mainly driven by a rise in Diamonds and Chemicals & Rubber Products imports. Diamonds contributed 23.3 percent to total imports, followed by Fuel and Food, Beverages & Tobacco at 19.4 percent and 15.0 percent, respectively.
The SACU region was the top supplier of imports to Botswana, accounting for 77.7 percent of total imports. South Africa contributed the largest share at 57.2 percent, followed by Namibia at 20.0 percent. Imports from Asia accounted for 9.8 percent of total imports, with Diamonds, Machinery & Electrical Equipment, and Chemicals & Rubber Products being the major commodity groups imported. The EU supplied Botswana with imports worth 3.2 percent of total imports, primarily in the form of Machinery & Electrical Equipment, Diamonds, and Chemicals & Rubber Products.
Botswana’s recent trade deficit of over P6 billion highlights a decline in export revenues, particularly in the diamond sector. While Asia remains the leading export market for Botswana, the country heavily relies on imports from the SACU region, particularly South Africa. Addressing the trade deficit will require diversification of export markets and sectors, as well as efforts to promote domestic industries and reduce reliance on imports.
The business sector in Botswana is optimistic about the year 2024, according to a recent survey conducted by the Bank of Botswana (BoB). The survey collected information from businesses in various sectors, including agriculture, mining, manufacturing, construction, and finance, among others. The results of the survey indicate that businesses expect trading conditions to improve in the first quarter of 2024 and remain favorable throughout the year.
The researchers found that firms anticipate improvements in investment, profitability, and goods and services exported in the fourth quarter of 2023 compared to the previous quarter. These expectations, combined with anticipated growth in all sectors except construction and real estate, contribute to the overall confidence in business conditions. Furthermore, businesses expect further improvements in the first quarter of 2024 and throughout the entire year.
Confidence among domestic market-oriented firms may decline slightly in the first quarter of 2024, but overall optimism is expected to improve throughout the year, consistent with the anticipated domestic economic recovery. Firms in sectors such as mining, retail, accommodation, transport, manufacturing, agriculture, and finance are driving this confidence. Export-oriented firms also show increased optimism in the first quarter of 2024 and for the entire year.
All sectors, except agriculture, which remains neutral, are optimistic about the first quarter of 2024 and the year ending in December 2024. This optimism is likely supported by government interventions to support economic activity, including the two-year Transitional National Development Plan (TNDP) and reforms aimed at improving the business environment. The anticipated improvement in profitability, goods and services exported, and business investment further contributes to the positive outlook.
Firms expect lending rates and borrowing volumes to increase in the 12-month period ending in December 2024. This increase in borrowing is consistent with the expected rise in investment, inventories, and goods and services exported. Firms anticipate that domestic economic performance will improve during this period. Domestic-oriented firms perceive access to credit from commercial banks in Botswana to be relaxed, while export-oriented firms prefer to borrow from South Africa.
During the fourth quarter of 2023, firms faced high cost pressures due to increased input costs, such as materials, utilities, and transport, resulting from supply constraints related to conflicts in Ukraine-Russia and Israel-Hamas. According to the survey report, the firms noted that cost pressures during the fourth quarter of 2023 were high, mainly attributable to increase in some input costs, such as materials, utilities, and transport arising from supply constraints related to the Ukraine-Russia and Israel-Hamas wars. “However, firms’ expectations about domestic inflation decreased, compared to the previous survey, and have remained within the Bank’s 3 – 6 percent objective range, averaging 5.4 percent for 2023 and 5.4 percent for 2024. This suggests that inflation expectations are well anchored, which is good for maintenance of price stability,” reads the survey report in part.
However, firms’ expectations about domestic inflation decreased compared to the previous survey, and inflation expectations remained within the Bank’s objective range of 3-6 percent. This suggests that inflation expectations are well anchored, which is beneficial for maintaining price stability.
In terms of challenges, most firms in the retail, accommodation, transport, manufacturing, construction, and finance sectors considered the exchange rate of the Pula to be unfavorable to their business operations. This is mainly because these firms import raw materials from South Africa and would prefer a stronger Pula against the South African rand. Additionally, firms in the retail, accommodation, transport, and mining sectors cited other challenges, including supply constraints from conflicts in Russia-Ukraine and Israel-Hamas, as well as new citizen economic empowerment policies that some firms considered unfavorable to foreign direct investment.
On the positive side, firms highlighted factors such as adequate water and electricity supply, a favorable political climate, an effective regulatory framework, the availability of skilled labor, and domestic and international demand as supportive to doing business in Botswana during the fourth quarter of 2023.
Overall, the business sector in Botswana is optimistic about the year 2024. The anticipated improvements in trading conditions, supported by government interventions and reforms, are expected to drive growth and profitability in various sectors. While challenges exist, businesses remain confident in the potential for economic recovery and expansion.
A study conducted by the United Nations says countries implemented bold and timely fiscal policy measures in response to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis and to stimulate recovery.
Governments around the world have also relied on fiscal policy to confront higher food prices and food insecurity risks resulting from the war in Ukraine. The UN said in a report titled World Economic Situation and Prospects 2024 that sharp increases in interest rate since the first quarter of 2022 and tighter liquidity conditions have adversely affected fiscal balance, renewing concerns about fiscal deficits and debt sustainability.
Fiscal space remains very limited, especially in developing countries: for many of these countries the lack of fiscal space presents special risks, as it restricts their capacity to invest in sustainable development and respond to new shocks.
In 2022, more than fifty developing economies spent more than 10% of total government revenues on interest payments, and 25 countries spent more than 20%. The UN added that market expectations that interest rates in major economies will remain higher for longer than previously anticipated have led to a further rise in sovereign bond yields, adding pressure on fiscal balances.
In the medium term, subdued growth prospects, together with the need for increased investment in education, health and infrastructure, will put pressure on government budgets and exacerbate fiscal vulnerabilities.
In this report, it is highlighted that in developing countries with less vulnerable fiscal positions, it ill be crucial for governments to avoid self-defeating fiscal consolidation. “Many of these economies will need to bolster fiscal revenues to expand their fiscal space. In the short term, the increased use of digital technologies can help developing countries reduce tax avoidance and evasion.”
The UN stressed that in the medium term, governments will need to expand revenues through more progressive income, wealth and green taxes. Many economies also need to improve the efficiency of fiscal spending and the effectiveness of subsidies and better target social protection programmes.
Low-income countries, as well as middle-income countries with vulnerable fiscal situations will need debt relief and restructuring measures to avoid devastating debt crises and protracted cycles of weak investment, slow growth and high debt-servicing burdens.