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Venson-Moitoi’s P5 million journey

After failing to convince court to have Kang Congress postponed on the eve of the congress, Pelonomi Venson-Moitoi few hours before elections withdrew her candidature, alleging that elections were a scam. In the process leaving the party wondering why it had to spend over P5 million for a processes that was bound to be aborted last minute.

This publication has gathered that the ruling party spent over P5 million since the campaigns and preparations for the Special Congress ensued. “Yes a lot of money was injected to prepare for this election, it is unfortunate that it did not happen. But we are happy that our President now has a full mandate from the party members,” shared a party official who preferred anonymity.

President Masisi was nominated by all 14 BDP regions to become the ruling party leader hence getting a fresh mandate from members. Although Venson-Moitoi’s name was temporarily put up for election despite her announcement to the media that she was withdrawing, Secretary General Mpho Balopi later received a message asking him to pull down Venson-Moitoi’s name.

Venson-Moitoi, who has been on campaign trail since December 2018 told the media yesterday that she was withdrawing her candidacy because participating in the elections would have given credence to the flawed election process conducted by the party. Venson-Moitoi last minute decision left Masisi as the only presidential candidate, a development which is likely to polarise the party further beyond the congress. Masisi was subsequently elected President of the party unopposed.

Few days before the congress, there have been reports of intention to withdraw from the race after most of Venson-Moitoi’s demands were not met. She however opted for the court route which however was not helpful either. Venson-Moitoi did not appeal the verdict though she was not happy with the judgement of the three judges who presided over the matter. “I am not going back to court, I have other important things to do with my life. Why would I appeal, se se sa arabiwang (what was not answered). I went there to get answers I could not,“ Venson-Moitoi told the media.  

“It would be a waste of money. I have already spent much, all the things I have done in Kang, Balopi [Mpho] made me pay twice.” Reports have become rife that the disgruntled BDP members belonging to a faction called New Jerusalem, which supported Venson-Moitoi’s presidency, will form a new political party. At least 12 Member of Parliament are expected to resign from the ruling party, a decision which is mostly likely to collapse Masisi’s government.

“I will not be going back to a new party, I am closing this and moving on with a clear mind. I am impatient old woman, I need answers. God will answer those,” affirmed Venson-Moitoi.  “I have heard of faction Jerusalem I do not know who they are; and I hear they have been supporting me. I appreciate it.” Venson-Moitoi said on Thursday, when court adjourned to allow the two parties to meet and talk with the viewing of meeting each other halfway, she had hoped the matter would be settled out of court.

“Unfortunately that route did not work. I always try to look for a peaceful solution to situations,” she said. Few moments after announcing her withdrawal from the race, Venson-Moitoi was seen in the company of intelligence chief, Brigadier Peter Magosi having a conversation but Venson-Moitioi was cagey on revealing what was discussed between the two.  

Venson-Moitoi at the press briefing confirmed the absence of her chief campaigners, Khama and Member of Parliament for Tati East Samson Guma, who were in Mosu and Johannesburg (South Africa) respectively. There are reports that Guma Moyo may be expelled from the party following his invitation for a disciplinary hearing. Guma who is subject of investigation by security organs flew the country few weeks ago, alleging that his life was in danger. Venson-Moitoi took swipe at the media, accusing it of abusing former president Khama.

Venson-Moitoi in quotes

‘’The Central Committee ke yone e re lotlhanynag. Gompieno party ha e ka thubega tla bo ele Central Committee.’’ “The media has abused the Former President it’s enough. I am going to talk on his behalf today. Stop meddling into issues you do not know about. Masisi o ntlodisitse matlho ka dintwa tsa gagwe le Khama. Ga ke itse gore ba lwela eng. A re o kganelwa go busa, ago tshela soup ko Mankgodi ke go kgoreletsa?’

“I am not mad, it take a whole lot to get me there. I am a full member of the BDP.”

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Seretse, Kgosi may walk free

30th October 2020
BAKANG SERETSE

The P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) saga that has been before court since 2017 seems to be losing its momentum with a high possibility of it being thrown out as defence lawyers unmask incompetency on the part of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).

The Gaborone High Court this week ruled that the decision by the State to prosecute Justice Zein Kebonang and his twin brother, Sadique Kebonang has been reviewed and set aside. The two brothers have now been cleared of the charges that where laid against them three years ago.

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Understanding the US Electoral College and key election issues 

28th October 2020
Mark J Rozell

The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.

Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.

US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.

Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of  the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University  in  Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.

“The founders of our Republic de-centralised  authority  significantly  in  creating  our  constitutional  system,  which  means that  they  gave  an  enormous  amount  of  independent  power  and  authority  to  State  and  local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.

Unlike  parliamentary  democracies, like Botswana the  United  States  does  not  have  all  of  the  national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where  the  entire  federal  government  is  elected  all  in  one  election  cycle  giving  a  “mandate”  to  a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.

The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators  serve  for  six  years  and  one  third  of  the  Senate is elected every  two  years.

For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice

President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.

An  important  facet  of  US electoral  system  to  understand  given  the  federalism  nature  of  the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.

“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State  is  assigned  a  number  of  electors  to  our  Electoral  College  and  the  candidate  who  wins  the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.

“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”

Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to  win  a  State  by  one  vote  to  win  a  100 percent of  its  electors,  the  margin  does  not  matter.

“Donald  Trump  won  many  more  States  by  smaller  margins,  hence  he  got  an  Electoral  College majority.”

Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.

“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going  to  break  with  the  popular  vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.

“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”

There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.

If however there are more candidates, and  this  happens  extremely  rarely,  and  a  third  candidate  got  some electors  to  the  Electoral  College  denying  the  two  major  party  candidates,  either  one  getting  a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.

“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.

BLUE STATES vs RED STATES

Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.

Many  states  have  populations  that  are  so  heavily  concentrated  in  the  Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.

California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.

However there are swing  states, where  there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.

“So  it  ends  up  making  a  national  contest  for  the  presidency  actually  look  like  several  state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.

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Masisi to make things right with Dangote

26th October 2020

High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.

Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana.  “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.

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