The Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) has not taken kindly the supposed involvement of Bridgette Motsepe—a member of an influential political family in South African’s African National Congress (ANC) — in the just ended power tussle in Botswana.
When updating the media this week about the Kang Congress, where the incumbent, Mokgweetsi Masisi emerged top, BDP Secretary General Mpho Balopi came out with guns blazing accusing some countries of interfering with Botswana’s foreign policy by trying to influence regime change in the country. Balopi also used the opportunity to condemn some citizens whom he said act in cohort with the external factors, imploring them to desist from what he termed destabilising the country.
A few days after former President Lt Gen Ian Khama was reported to have flown to Victoria Falls in Zimbabwe to meet with one Bridgette Motsepe Radebe, the South African media eNCA News carried a story implying that Motsepe is accused of influencing regime change in Botswana. The former President Khama would later issue a press statement alleging that the encounter was a ‘family meeting’. For a long time Motsepe was accused of financing Pelonomi Venson- Moitoi’s Presidential campaign against President Mokgweetsi Masisi.
“This behaviour should be condemned with the highest order it deserves and the perpetrators should be called to order,” said Balopi. The BDP Secretary General said they will be travelling to Johannesburg, South Africa Luthuli House at the ANC headquarters where they will be attending a different matter but they will however address the foreign policy issue with Ace Magashule, the Secretary General of the ANC, at the meeting.
Balopi is of the view that some of the perpetrators who continue to influence and show vested interests in the country have been promised concessions more especially in mining by some people he did not mention by names. When commenting on the just ended Kang Special Congress held over the weekend Balopi said it was a historic event as well as a learning curve in their part. He said the whole process was not easy. “It was a rough terrain, the court case was very important so that we follow the constitution, code of conduct and rules and regulations of the party,” he said.
Balopi said the country’s constitution is supreme to all other constitutions and thus many debates were coiled around the constitution in regard to the elections but at the end of the day they were guided by the rule of law. “We had to look at the constitution and be very explicit. It was a new phenomenon in the party and after all it was a success and the party came up with new resolutions to move the party forward. There were so many interpretations but finally people were educated and this has created another chapter in the history of the BDP. Venson-Moitoi’s decision to withdraw was a welcome development and we now look forward to uniting the party together,” Balopi said.
The 57th National Council of the BDP in Kang Botswana have resolved that having listened to the Party President Keynote address as well as the Secretary General’s and Treasure General’s report resolved that they congratulate President Masisi for having been elected as the party President and that his speech is fully accepted in its totality.
The party also resolved that both the Secretary General and Treasure’s reports are accepted and that the National Council applauds the President for programs geared towards developing the country and pledges total support to the party president. It also resolved that the central committee elections scheduled for July 2019 be postponed in 2020 to allow the current central committee to carry on the sell the party manifesto towards October 2019 National Elections.
They also resolved that the national council accepts both BDP Women’s wing and Youth wing resolutions that they do not hold elective congress for 2019 in order to stabilise party affairs and focus on the national elections and that the ‘Goora motho go thebe phatshwa’ core base strategy be adopted as a core value of the BDP going forward. Lastly the motion of direct elections of the President brought to parliament be subjected to regular party process for discussions at National Council and ultimately National Congress.
The P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) saga that has been before court since 2017 seems to be losing its momentum with a high possibility of it being thrown out as defence lawyers unmask incompetency on the part of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).
The Gaborone High Court this week ruled that the decision by the State to prosecute Justice Zein Kebonang and his twin brother, Sadique Kebonang has been reviewed and set aside. The two brothers have now been cleared of the charges that where laid against them three years ago.
The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.
Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.
US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.
Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University in Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.
“The founders of our Republic de-centralised authority significantly in creating our constitutional system, which means that they gave an enormous amount of independent power and authority to State and local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.
Unlike parliamentary democracies, like Botswana the United States does not have all of the national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where the entire federal government is elected all in one election cycle giving a “mandate” to a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.
The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators serve for six years and one third of the Senate is elected every two years.
For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice
President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.
An important facet of US electoral system to understand given the federalism nature of the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.
“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State is assigned a number of electors to our Electoral College and the candidate who wins the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.
“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”
Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to win a State by one vote to win a 100 percent of its electors, the margin does not matter.
“Donald Trump won many more States by smaller margins, hence he got an Electoral College majority.”
Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.
“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going to break with the popular vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.
“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”
There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.
If however there are more candidates, and this happens extremely rarely, and a third candidate got some electors to the Electoral College denying the two major party candidates, either one getting a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.
“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.
BLUE STATES vs RED STATES
Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.
Many states have populations that are so heavily concentrated in the Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.
California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.
However there are swing states, where there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.
“So it ends up making a national contest for the presidency actually look like several state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.
High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.
Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana. “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.