Multitudes of Bayeyi tribesmen who thronged Gumare main Kgotla last Sunday to celebrate their annual Wayeyi culture festival were left in disappointment after being told that despite recent recognition by Government, they are not yet entitled to paramount chief representation in the Ntlo Ya Dikgosi.
The government through Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development (MLGRD) in 2016 resolved to recognise the Bayeyi as an independent ethnic group. With that respect, there was optimism within the tribe—anticipating a new page that would corroborate their sovereignty with having their own Kgosi Kgolo. For a long time Bayeyi have been taken as Batawana subjects something the tribe vehemently challenged until government acceded to their demand.
Bayeyi’s main contention for recognition was based on two things; being first inhabitants in the area, and having more population. One of the Bayeyi Chieftainship Council delegate who have been negotiating with government on the matter, is Gilson Saleshando, former Member of Parliament and former leader of the Botswana Congress Party (BCP).
Saleshando told this publication in an interview that Vice President Slumber Tsogwane informed them that they are still a minority tribe and therefore there will not have a paramount chief and representation in the Ntlo Ya Dikgosi. “We as the delegation of Bayeyi met with him (Tsogwane) at Maun Lodge sometimes back and he told us that we are still moratshwana. He even said a white t-shirt is not as the same as a red t-shirt. With that, he said we can only be recognised but we will not have a Kgosi Kgolo. He says this is because we fall under Batawana territory therefore we are their subjects,” said Saleshando one of the long-time Wayeyi ‘freedom fighters’.
He continued; “We communicated this to Bayeyi over the weekend during our annual culture celebrations where Tsogwane was present. But he failed to present or corroborate what he told us in our meeting though I pleaded with him to repeat what he said in front of Bayeyi. He declined and instead attacked me for not tabling any motion about it during my tenure as an MP. He only told morafe that our chieftainship should be hereditary for smooth succession.”
While most of the tribesmen came to celebrate their culture with anticipated good news from Tsogwane as a cherry on top, they were left devastated by the revelation. “People were very hurt, the mood was sombre. They never expected that but it shows that our constitution promotes marginalisation,” Saleshando stated. The development is being viewed as inferring that government’s decision to recognise the tribe in 2016 was just a ceremonial occurrence and will not come with anything tangible the tribe hoped for.
“Under Bogosi Act we are Morafe since we are recognised but under the country’s constitution we are Moratshwana because we cannot contribute meaningfully to what is happening like the other eight tribes. This now means that recognition was just a ceremonial and rhetoric occurrence. We are not going to enjoy any basics a recognized tribe does,” he said. The main reason Bayeyi demanded to be recognised and have a paramount chief was for them to enjoy linguistic and cultural rights not enjoyed by the non-recognised tribes.
“Among these are access to the institution of Bogosi, permanent membership to Ntlo ya Dikgosi as our right, group rights to land, territorial and ethnic identity, a celebration of one’s culture in the public domain and the use of one’s language in education and the media,” another delegate Gceba Ditando has said. Saleshando believes the current problems are caused by the constitution due to the manner in which it was framed.
“This unjust law to have minor and major tribes is due to the constitution and not Batawana. Our rivalry with them dates back to time immemorial but they are not at fault. The constitution needs to be amended. This was even suggested by the judgement in 2001 when we demanded the same and judges told us that parliament can change laws not them. So for now I believe our constitution has been overtaken by events,” a very emotional Saleshando said.
Bayei tribe has three royal families from which the chief has to be chosen. Those royal families include Bogosi Jwa ga Mathwara, Bogosi Jwa ga Hankuzi and Bogosi Jwa ga Xonkue. The Bayei chieftaincy was left vacant following the demise of Chief Shikati Calvin Kamanakao in 2003. After years of struggle the Wayeyi Chieftainship Council and morafe agreed that Chief Fish Ozoo be their representative who unfortunately passed on before being crowned.
The latest name was Pitoro Jacob Seedisa who could have long been installed at least by the 4th of December in 2017 but was blocked by Batawana tribal leadership. He was appointed the leader last Sunday. All these failures to coronate a chief especially in 2017 when it was given a go ahead by the then Minister of Local Government, Tsogwane, had Batawana regent Kealetile Moremi blocking everything saying it is inconsequential for Bayeyi to have own Chief as they are under Batawana.
In 2017 a scheduled Bayeyi chief coronation failed after Batawana regent, Kealetile Moremi opposed it. It is said after the argument government decided reached a conclusion that Bayeyi not could have their own paramount chief. It is believed that government feared that giving BaYeyi full recognition would have various negative implication such as being saddled with the task of creating new boundaries as BaYeyi wanted to have its own territorial integrity.
Now their independence is pie in the sky. For now there are about 37 other tribes which exist in Botswana, which are not recognised by the state. The total non-Tswana population is generally estimated at about 60 per cent. Experts say lack of recognition has also led to the inadequate provision of social services, such as education, in rural and minority dominated areas, 36 resulting in disproportionately high levels of poverty.
In 1885, the then-Bechuanaland became a British protectorate and in 1933, the British authorities recognized eight tribes in the Chieftainship Act as follows: the Barolong, Bakwena, Bangwaketse, Balete, Bakgatla, Batlokwa, Bangwato and Batawana.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.
The impacts of climate change are increasing in frequency and intensity every year and this is forecast to continue for the foreseeable future. African CEOs in the Global South are finally coming to the party on how to tackle the crisis.
Following the completion of COP27 in Egypt recently, CEOs of Africa DFIs converged in Botswana for the CEO Forum of the Association of African Development Finance Institutions. One of the key themes was on green financing and building partnerships for resource mobilization in financing SDGs in Africa
A report; “Weathering the storm; African Development Banks response to Covid-19” presented shocking findings during the seminar. Among them; African DFI’s have proven to be financially resilient, and they are fast shifting to a green transition and it’s financing.
COO, CEDA, James Moribame highlighted that; “Everyone needs food, shelter and all basic needs in general, but climate change is putting the achievement of this at bay. “It is expensive for businesses to do business, for instance; it is much challenging for the agricultural sector due to climate change, and the risks have gone up. If a famer plants crops, they should be ready for any potential natural disaster which will cost them their hard work.”
According to Moribame, Start-up businesses will forever require help if there is no change.
“There is no doubt that the Russia- Ukraine war disrupted supply chains. SMMEs have felt the most impact as some start-up businesses acquire their materials internationally, therefore as inflation peaks, this means the exchange rate rises which makes commodities expensive and challenging for SMMEs to progress. Basically, the cost of doing business has gone up. Governments are no longer able to support DFI’s.”
Moribame shared remedies to the situation, noting that; “What we need is leadership that will be able to address this. CEOs should ensure companies operate within a framework of responsible lending. They also ought to scout for opportunities that would be attractive to investors, this include investors who are willing to put money into green financing. Botswana is a prime spot for green financing due to the great opportunity that lies in solar projects. ”
Technology has been hailed as the economy of the future and thus needs to be embraced to drive operational efficiency both internally and externally.
Executive Director, bank of Industry Nigeria, Simon Aranou mentioned that for investors to pump money to climate financing in Africa, African states need to be in alignment with global standards.
“Do what meets world standards if you want money from international investors. Have a strong risk management system. Also be a good borrower, if you have a loan, honour the obligation of paying it back because this will ensure countries have a clean financial record which will then pave way for easier lending of money in the future. African states cannot just be demanding for mitigation from rich countries. Financing needs infrastructure to complement it, you cannot be seating on billions of dollars without the necessary support systems to make it work for you. Domestic resource mobilisation is key. Use public money to mobilise private money.” He said.
For his part, the Minster of Minister of Entrepreneurship, Karabo Gare enunciated that, over the past three years, governments across the world have had to readjust their priorities as the world dealt with the effects and impact of the COVID 19 pandemic both to human life and economic prosperity.
“The role of DFIs, during this tough period, which is to support governments through countercyclical measures, including funding of COVID-19 related development projects, has become more important than ever before. However, with the increasingly limited resources from governments, DFIs are now expected to mobilise resources to meet the fiscal gaps and continue to meet their developmental mandates across the various affected sectors of their economies.” Said Gare.
Letlhakeng:TotalEnergies Botswana today launched a Road Safety Campaign as part of their annual Stakeholder Relationship Management (SRM), in partnership with Unitrans, MVA Fund, TotalEnergies Letlhakeng Filling Station and the Letlhakeng Sub District Road Safety Committee during an event held in Letlhakeng under the theme, #IamTrafficToo.
The Supplier Relationship Management initiative is an undertaking by TotalEnergies through which TotalEnergie annually explores and implements social responsibility activities in communities within which we operate, by engaging key stakeholders who are aligned with the organization’s objectives. Speaking during the launch event, TotalEnergies’ Operations and HSSEQ, Patrick Thedi said, “We at TotalEnergies pride ourselves in being an industrial operator with a strategy centered on respect, listening, dialogue and stakeholder involvement, and a partner in the sustainable social and economic development of its host communities and countries. We are also very fortunate to have stakeholders who are in alignment with our organizational objectives. We assess relationships with our key stakeholders to understand their concerns and expectations as well as identify priority areas for improvement to strengthen the integration of Total Energies in the community. As our organization transitions from Total to Total Energies, we are committed to exploring sustainable initiatives that will be equally indicative of our growth and this Campaign is a step in the right direction. ”
As part of this campaign roll out, stakeholders will be refurbishing and upgrading and installing road signs around schools in the area, and generally where required. One of the objectives of the Campaign is to bring awareness and training on how to manage and share the road/parking with bulk vehicles, as the number of bulk vehicles using the Letlhakeng road to bypass Trans Kalahari increases. When welcoming guests to Letlhakeng, Kgosi Balepi said he welcomed the initiative as it will reduce the number of road incidents in the area.
Also present was District Traffic Officer ASP, Reuben Moleele, who gave a statistical overview of accidents in the region, as well as the rest of the country. Moleele applauded TotalEnergies and partners on the Campaign, especially ahead of the festive season, a time he pointed out is always one with high road statistics. The campaign name #IamTrafficToo, is a reminder to all road users, including pedestrians that they too need to be vigilant and play their part in ensuring a reduction in road incidents.
The official proceedings of the day included a handover of reflectors and stop/Go signs to the Letlhakeng Cluster from TotalEnerigies, injury prevention from tips from MVA’s Onkabetse Petlwana, as well as bulk vehicle safety tips delivered from Adolf Namate of Unitrans.
TotalEnergies, which is committed to having zero carbon emissions by 2050, has committed to rolling out the Road safety Campaign to the rest of the country in the future.