President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s swift decision to appoint key personnel, among them Director Generals of the Directorate on Intelligence and Security (DIS), and of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) was ill-advised, according to University of Botswana academic, Leonard Sesa.
Sesa who teaches Political Science at UB, is of the opinion that the appointments made by Masisi were rushed, therefore creating unnecessary enemies for him. According to Sesa, Masisi should have taken time to assess and make all changes after the 2019 general elections, due to be held in October. “It is advisable that when making some of the major changes you should carry out thorough research on the new appointments making sure they are capable,” contended the UB don.
“Masisi could have just waited for the elections [general] to pass. Look what he went through prior the congress [Kang], this somehow has a negative impact as it may create enemies unnecessarily.”After taking over the reins from Lt Gen Ian Khama at the beginning of April, Masisi unceremoniously fired the founding Director General of the DIS, Colonel Isaac Kgosi, and had him replaced with retired former BDF chief of staff, Brigadier Peter Magosi.
The decision raised suspicion on two prongs; first Col Kgosi was considered Khama most important official during his reign. Secondly his replacement. Brig Magosi was a man considered Khama’s enemy, having been dismissed from the army by the latter. Masisi’s appointments raised suspicions that he wanted to replace all key personnel associated with the Khama administration.
Recently, under again cloudy circumstances, DCEC chief, Bruno Paledi was transferred and replaced by one Brigadier Joseph Mathambo. Paledi was barely new into office, having been appointed to the post towards the fall of 2017 by Khama. Sesa gave credit to the current administration noting that it is evident that they are doing a great job in trying to build strong relationships with the media.
“You have to admit and embrace that people are different. We have always advocated that we want to see our former [Khama] engaging and interacting with the media, we are only seeing him now after leaving, why couldn’t he capitalize on that during his time? I believe that is when he could have heard Batswana’s cries and problems they face. Not now after his retirement through the very same platforms he could not engage,” he contended.
Sesa applauded Masisi on his efforts to interact with the media emphasising that this would work at his advantage and help him gain Batswana’s trust and support. “This is what we expect in a liberal democracy, this is not new other former presidents engaged with media, and it was a bit of a shock to have Khama end this media engagements,” he said.
Since assuming office in April 2018, President Mokgweetsi Masisi has promised to run a consultative governance. Masisi’s chorus was a “clean up campaign, ” which would later see many people being removed from positions, replaced with his trusted ones and later launch some raids amongst which they deemed corrupt. Masisi has repeatedly said one of his aim is to fight corruption and to take to book every alleged perpetrator.
Masisi has said he intend to protect the country and fight corruption in the country, adding that in attaining that they would work closely with the media. New recruits in Masisi administration; Brig Magosi and Brig Mathambo, who now head DIS and DCEC respectively, two institutions known for the secrecy, have opened up to the media.
NEW DCEC CHIEF TARGETS BIG GUN
“In this position, you don’t get appointed by anybody except the highest office which is the office of the president. I was appointed by the president himself,” Mathambo told media this week. “And I promise you, I am so determined to fight corruption in this country. I am going to resuscitate cases without sparing any name.” Mathambo also highlighted that already he is living in fear because of his determination to fight corruption.
“You know when you investigate someone; they would wish you all bad things. They would wish you could be hit by a train even where there is no railway line. I have already started seeing faces which I have never seen before as I drive about in town, but this will not stop me from fighting corruption.” Mathambo also pointed out that he is aware of some of the cases that have been shelved due to favouritism, had the cases resumed.
He also emphasised that he is well aware that some of the cases have been left unattended to on purpose by the previous investigators, stating that it was vital for them to change the way the old administration have been carrying out its investigations,. “Relationships mess up investigations, having friends who are later called to task can have a negative impact on the outcomes of investigations.”
He further highlighted that he will not continue doing nothing when billions go missing on a daily basis. “Of recent we were told to cut our budget by 4 percent because there is no money. Corruption is really bad and requires a certain posture, it comes with character. If I sit here and continue doing nothing the country will continue to be at risk. I must tell you today that I am going to fight hard with my team to fight against corruption. We are not going to be sparing any names,” he said.
Mathambo assured the media that all money laundering cases including the CMB scandal, National petroleum fund, BMC, Pula steel, BCL were being attend to on a daily basis and that investigations are going well. “We will be taking a lot of interest in cases of public interest such as that of BCL, Pula steel, BMC. We all tax payers here and we all know what’s it is like when you pay your due diligence and another person collects and abuses it,” Mathambo concluded.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”