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Tlou Energy given green light to generate power

Local Coal-Bed Methane exploration outfit, Tlou Energy this week announced another watershed step towards their quest of delivering Botswana’s first natural gas power generation project.

Department of Environmental Affairs under the Ministry of Mineral Resources Green Technology and Energy Security has approved Tlou’s Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for up to 20MW Coal Bed Methane power generation, a 66 KV Transmission Line to Serowe as well as a Sola Farm of up to 20 MW, the company revealed in a statement released 1st May 2019.

In 2018 Tlou Energy commenced work on its application for an EIS for downstream development being power generation and transmission. The EIS addresses the social and environmental context of the area surrounding the planned development of the Lesedi project which includes CBM power generation of up to 20MW, a 66kV transmission line to Serowe and a Solar Farm of up to 20MW.The Company already has approval in place for its upstream activities which comprises of development drilling and exploration.

In the statement, also published by Botswana Stock Exchange Limited, the BSE listed energy company says the DEA approval confirms that their EIS for proposed downstream development adequately identifies and effectively mitigates the anticipated impacts associated with the proposed activity.

According to Tlou Energy The EIS authorization which will be valid for thirty (30) years and may be subject to renewal at the end of this period is another important project milestone which highlights the progress being made by the Company in its aim to deliver CBM power in Botswana and Southern Africa. 

Commenting on the approval Tlou Energy Managing Director Tony Gilby says the approval provides his Company with the flexibility to rapidly increase their progress and move the Lesedi CBM Project through to commercialization “We welcome another milestone which further de‐risks the Lesedi Project.  The granting of the downstream EIS is great news for the Company as it gives the final environmental authorization for the initial proposed development of up to 10MW of power generation and allows for a further 10MW of CBM power generation” he said.

Tlou Energy, also listed on the Australian Securities Exchange (ASE) and the London Stock Exchange Alternative Investment Market(AIM) is focused on delivering Gas‐to‐ Power solutions in Botswana and southern Africa to alleviate some of the chronic power shortage in the region.  Tlou is developing projects using coal bed methane (CBM) natural gas. Botswana has a significant energy shortage and generally relies on imported power and diesel generation to fulfil its power requirements.

As 100% owner of the most advanced gas project in the country, the Lesedi CBM Project, Tlou Energy says it provides investors with access to a compelling opportunity using domestic gas to produce power and displace expensive diesel and imported power.  Since establishment, Tlou has significantly derisked the project in consideration of its goal to become a significant gas‐to power producer.

The Company flared its first gas in 2014 and has a 100% interest over its Mining License and ten Prospecting Licenses covering an area of 9,300 Kilometer square in total The Lesedi and Mamba Projects already benefit from significant independently certified 2P gas Reserves of 41 BCF.  In addition, 3P gas Reserves of 427 BCF and Contingent Gas Resources of 3,043 BCF provide significant additional potential. Tony Gilby says they are currently planning an initial scalable gas‐to power project.

Following successful implementation of this first scalable project, Tlou will then evaluate longer term prospects for the delivery of electricity generated from CBM in Botswana to neighbouring countries. “The Environmental Impact Statement gives us the option to rapidly expand to 20MW. The effort put in by our team and the independent environmental consultants, Ecosurv, has been exceptional and I would like to thank them for their hard work, which has led to this excellent result,” Said Gilby.

Last Month’s Tlou announced that they raised over P21 million towards their working capital from successful an equity placement to sophisticated investors totaling. Tlou further revealed that the funds were raised from both a long term existing shareholder as well as a new Botswana based fund manager.

The Placement comprises the issue of 29,066,650 new ordinary shares representing 6.46 percent of the enlarged share capital at an issue price of BWP0.75 approximately AUD $ 0.10 or £0.055 per share. 28,000,000 of the Placement shares were issued to an existing shareholder, The Botswana Public Officers Pension Fund, FNB Nominees (Pty) Ltd, Gaborone (BPOPF). Following the placement Botswana’s largest pension fund and one of Africa’s richest BPOPF now hold 47,230,769 shares of the enlarged share capital of the company, representing a 10.49 percent holding of Tlou Energy Limited

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Business

18th January 2021
10 Best Forex Brokers

10 Best forex brokers that accepts Botswana Traders ( 2021 )

The best handpicked forex brokers for Botswana traders revealed for 2021. Trade with confidence with any of these licenced and regulated brokers.
1.  Exness

Exness is a popular and well-regulated broker based in Cyprus and the UK which offers traders with a variety of account types, powerful trading platforms, competitive trading conditions and more.

 

PROS

CONS

1.      Globally recognized broker1.      US clients not accepted
2.      Negative balance protection offered2.      Limited tradable financial instruments
3.      MetaTrader offered
4.      Demo account and Islamic account option offered
5.      Adequate leverage and reasonable minimum deposit requirements

2.  AvaTrade

AvaTrade is a popular and multi-award-winning Market Maker and STP broker which is regulated to offer comprehensive trading solutions in several jurisdictions.

 

PROS

CONS

1.      Strict regulation1.      US clients not accepted
2.      Negative balance protection2.      Variable spread accounts not offered
3.      Optimum execution speeds
4.      Multiple trading platforms offered
5.      Social trading supported, hedging and scalping allowed

3.  XM

XM is a popular and reputable broker which has been in operation since 2009. XM is strictly regulated by several regulatory entities and offers traders from around the world with access to global financial markets.

 

PROS

CONS

1.      Strict regulation1.      US clients not accepted
2.      Negative balance protection2.      Fixed spread accounts not offered
3.      Competitive trading conditions
4.      Variety of accounts offered
5.      High leverage ratio of 1:888

4.  eToro

eToro is a reputable and popular Market Maker broker in addition to being the leading social trading platform in the industry. eToro caters for various traders and investors from 140 countries, offering comprehensive trading solutions to both beginners and experts.

 

PROS

CONS

1.      Strictly regulated1.      US clients not accepted
2.      Client fund security guaranteed2.      Limited leverage for retail traders
3.      Commission-free trading3.      Fixed spreads not offered
4.      Large online community4.      MetaTrader not offered
5.      Demo account and Islamic account option provided

5.  IC Markets

IC Markets is an ECN broker based in Australia and Seychelles with regulation and authorization through ASIC. Established in 2007, IC Markets is one of the largest true ECN brokers in the world that offers traders access to global financial markets.

 

PROS

CONS

1.      Well-regulated1.      US clients not accepted
2.      True ECN broker2.      Fixed spread accounts not offered
3.      Low trading and non-trading fees
4.      Tight and competitive spreads
5.      Hedging and scalping allowed, social trading supported

6.  FBS

Established in 2009, FBS is a strictly regulated and reputable STP and ECN broker which has around 16 million registered traders from 190 countries worldwide.

 

FBS offers traders with more than 75 financial instruments which can be traded through powerful trading platforms, competitive trading conditions, a variety of account types, and more.

PROS

CONS

1.      Ultra-low deposit requirement1.      US, UK, Japan, Israel and several other countries not allowed
2.      Social trading supported2.      High spreads and commissions on some accounts
3.      Multiple account types offered3.      Limited trading tools
4.      MetaTrader offered
5.      24/7 dedicated customer support

7.  FxPro

FxPro is a UK-based NDD broker which is regulated by FCA, CySEC, FSCA, and SCB in facilitating the trade of more than 260 financial instruments spread across six asset classes.

PROS

CONS

1.      Multi-regulated1.      US, Canada, Iraq and others not accepted
2.      Multiple trading platforms offered2.      Social trading not supported
3.      Premium trader tools3.      Not the tightest spreads
4.      NDD Execution4.      Not the lowest commissions
5.      Expert analysis and VPS offered5.      Managed accounts not offered

8.  Alpari

Alpari is a well-regulated STP and ECN broker with nearly two decades worth experience in offering comprehensive trading solutions. Alpari boasts with 2 million registered traders from more than 150 countries worldwide.

PROS

CONS

1.      Well-regulated1.      US, Japan, Russia, and several other countries not accepted
2.      MetaTrader offered2.      Limited financial instruments
3.      PAMM accounts offered3.      No fixed spreads
4.      Multilingual customer support

 

9.  FXTM

FXTM is a UK, Cyprus, South Africa, and Mauritius-based broker which offers traders with more than 250 financial instruments to trade.

FXTM caters for both retail and professional clients and has tailormade solutions despite the trading needs and objectives of traders.

PROS

CONS

1.      Strict regulation1.      US clients not allowed
2.      Variety of financial instruments2.      Restricted leverage for EU traders
3.      Multiple account types
4.      Commission-free trading offered
5.      Low minimum deposit

 

10.        Olymp Trade

Olymp Trade is based in St. Vincent and the Grenadines and offers traders with a wide range of tradable financial instruments.

Olymp Trade, as opposed to conventional brokers, offers traders with fixed time trades which can be done through a powerful proprietary trading platform.

PROS

CONS

1.      Low minimum deposit1.      High commission fees
2.      Training resources offered2.      Social trading not offered
3.      Controlled risks and rewards3.      Not regulated
4.      Market news and analysis4.      No support for automated trading
5.      24/7 dedicated customer support5.      MetaTrader not offered
6.

 

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Diamond industry crises not over yet – De Beers Chief

13th January 2021
De Beers Group Chief Executive Officer: Bruce Cleaver

Following a devastating first half of the year 2020 due to COVID-19, the global diamond industry  started gaining  positive momentum towards the end of the year as key markets entered into  thanks giving and holiday season.

However Bruce Cleaver, Chief Executive Officer of De Beers Group cautioned that the industry is not out of the woods yet, citing prevailing challenges ahead into 2021.

The first half of 2020 was characterized by some of the worst challenges in history of global diamond trade.

The midstream, where rough diamonds are traded in wholesale and bulk to cutters and polishers, was for the most part of second quarter 2020, suffocated by international travel restrictions as countries responded to the contagious Corona Virus.

This halted movement of buyers and shipment of  the rough goods , resulting  in unprecedented decline of sales, in turn  ballooning stockpiles as the upstream  operations produced with little uptake by the midstream.

The situation was exacerbated by muted demand in the downstream where jewelry industries and tail end retailers closed to further curb the spread of COVID-19.

However towards the end of third quarter getting into the last quarter of the year, demand in both midstream and downstream started to steadily pick up as countries relaxed COVID-19 restrictions.

De Beers, the world’s largest diamond producer by value started reporting significant recovery in sales in the sixth and seventh cycle, figures began to reflect an upswing in sentiment as well as increase in uptake of rough goods by midstream.

Sales for the sixth cycle amounted to $116 Million, following a sharp downturn in the previous cycles, significant jump was realized during the seventh cycle, registering $320 million, an over 175 % upswing when gauged against the proceeding cycle.

De Beers noted that diamond markets showed some continued improvement throughout August and into September as Covid-19 restrictions continued to ease in various locations.

“Manufacturers focused on meeting retail demand for polished diamonds, particularly in certain product areas, accordingly, we saw a recovery in rough diamond demand in the seventh sales cycle of the year, reflecting these retail trends, following several months of minimal manufacturing activity and disrupted demand patterns in all major markets,” said De Beers Chief Executive, Bruce Cleaver in September last year.

The diamond mining behemoth continued to register impressive sales in the eighth and ninth cycle signaling the industry could end the year on a positive note.

The momentum was indeed carried into the last cycle of the year. The value of rough diamond sales (Global Sightholder Sales and Auctions) for De Beers’ tenth sales cycle of 2020 amounted to $440 million, a significant increase from the 2019 tenth sales cycle value.

Against what seemed like a positive year end that would split into the New Year Bruce Cleaver, CEO, De Beers Group, however warned the industry not to count eggs before they hatch.

“Positive consumer demand for diamond jewellery resulting from the holiday season is supporting the continuation of retail orders for polished diamonds from the diamond industry’s midstream sector. This in turn supported steady demand for De Beers’s rough diamonds at our final sales cycle of 2020,” Cleaver had said in December.

In caution the De Beers Chief noted that “While the diamond industry ends the year on a positive note, we must recognise the risks that the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic presents to sector recovery both for the rest of this year and as we head into 2021.”

All segments of the supply chain were severely impacted by the global lockdown measures introduced in response to the Covid-19 pandemic in the first half of 2020.

After a strong US holiday season at the end of 2019, the rough diamond industry started 2020 positively as the midstream restocked and sentiment improved.

However, from February 2020, the Covid-19 outbreak began to have a significant impact on diamond jewellery retail sales and supply chain, with many jewelers suspending all polished purchases and/or delaying payments to their suppliers.

Rough diamond sales were materially affected by lockdowns and travel restrictions, delaying the shipping of rough diamonds into cutting and trading centers and preventing buyers from attending sales events.

These resulted in significant decline in total revenue for the business in the first six months of 2020. Total revenue decreased by 54% to $1.2 billion from $2.6 billion registered in the prior half year period ended 30 June 2019.

For the entire first six (6) months of the year 2020 De Beers Rough diamonds sales fell drastically to $1.0 billion from $2.3 billion in the prior H1 period ended 30 June 2019. Sales volumes decreased by 45% to 8.5 million carats compared to 15.5 million carats registered in the prior period.

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Gov’t coffers depleting to record low levels 

13th January 2021
Dr Matsheka

Next month Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka will face the nation to deliver Botswana‘s first budget speech since COVID-19 pandemic put the world on devastating economic trajectory.

The pandemic that broke out in late 2019 in China has put the entire world on unprecedented chaos ,killing over P1 million people across the globe , shattering economies and almost rendering  the year 2020 – a 12 months stretch of complete setback.

The 2021/22 budget speech will come at time when Botswana’s economy is still trying to emerge out of this.

National lockdowns and local travel restrictions have hit small medium enterprises hard, while international travel restrictions halted movement of both good and people, delivering by far some of the heaviest and worst catastrophic blows on the diamond industry and tourism sector, the likes of which this country has never seen before on its largest economic sectors.

As Minister Matsheka faces parliament next month, the reality on the ground is that Botswana’s national current cash resource, the Government Investment Account (GIA) is depleting at lightning speed.

On the other hand the COVID-19 economic mess is  prevailing,  the virus is reported to have taken a new dangerous shape of a deadly variant, spreading like fueled veld fire and causing some of the world’s super powers back to tough restrictions of lockdown.

According official figures released by Bank of Botswana, in October 2020 the GIA was running at P6 billion compared to the P18.3 billion held in the account in October 2019.

However reports indicate that the account could be currently holding just about P3 billion.  The draw down from the GIA has been by exacerbated by declining diamond revenue, the country‘s largest cash cow. The sector was experiencing significant revenue decline even before COVID-19 struck.

 

When the National Development Plan (NDP) 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at a budget deficits.

This as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.

Cumulatively, since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances.

Taking into account the COVID-19 economic mess in 2020/21 financial year, the budget deficit could add up to P20 billion after revised figures.

Drawing down from government cash balances to finance these budget deficits meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account, hence the near depletion of this buffer.

Meanwhile  should Botswana’s revenue streams completely dry up to zero levels; the country would only have 11 months, before calling out for humanitarian  aids and international donors, because  foreign reserves are also on slow down.

During 2019, the foreign exchange reserves declined by 8.7 percent, from Seventy One Billion, Four Hundred Million Pula (P71.4 billion) in December 2018 to Sixty Five Billion, Three Hundred Million Pula (P65.3 billion) in December 2019.

The reserves declined further in 2020, falling by 2.3 percent to Sixty Three Billion, Seven Hundred Million Pula (P63.7 billion) in July 2020.  This was revealed by President Masisi during State of the Nation Address in November last year.

The decrease was mainly due to foreign exchange outflows associated with Government obligations and economy-wide import requirements.

However latest statistics(October 2020)  from Bank of Botswana reveal that Botswana’s foreign reserves are estimated at P58.4 billion, with  government’s share of these funds significantly low.

Government has since introduced several measures to contain costs and control expenditure with the most recent intervention being the halting of recruitment in government departments and parastatals.

Furthermore, Value Added Tax has been signaled to go up  from 12% to 14% in April this year with more hikes and service fees anticipated as government embarks on unprecedented domestic revenue mobilization.

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