Connect with us
Advertisement
[spt-posts-ticker]
Friday, 19 April 2024

Batswana youths, women top unemployment figures

News

A study released this week shows that Batswana youths and women top the unemployment statistics in Botswana. The general unemployment rate currently stands at 17%. The findings indicate that in terms of gender, being male as opposed to female increases the probability for employment relative to unemployment.

The study, which is titled “determinants of Youth Unemployment and Labour Market Transitions of the Youth in Botswana” was conducted by the University of Botswana (UB) renowned academics Professor Happy Siphambe in collaboration with Dr. Malebogo Bakwena, Dr. Lexi Setlhare and few other scholars at the highest institution of learning.

The research paper further states that the youth population also tends to experience higher unemployment rates than the older population. Youth in the study were categorised, as most programmes in Botswana define youth, between the ages of 15 to 39 years. “Since young people generally have no workplace experience, which makes it difficult for them to obtain jobs,” the academics pointed out in which Gabane was used as a case study.

Thus, according to the study, younger youth are also likely than older youth to become unemployed and to be discouraged. It states that high youth unemployment rate is also a result of the high school dropout in the country. Study states that in the years 2012-2014, a total of 8,051 students even dropped out from secondary school, in which a whopping 5,031 were females. “The probability of Job losses were lower for individuals with secondary education than those with primary education,” highlights the research paper.

In Botswana, Statistics Botswana of 2016 also indicate that youth unemployment is currently estimated at 25.2% with female unemployment higher than that of males at 26.9% percent as compared to 23.6% percent for males. The new research paper fills the gap which was left by many studies that were carried out on youth unemployment and on unemployment in general in Botswana which did not examine the gross transitions and the transitions determined by individual socio-economic characteristics.

Study emphasised that “the transition probabilities from employment to unemployment for women was higher than for males at 10.2 percent and 10.8 percent respectively between the two time periods.” The transition from unemployment to employment was 17.2 and 17.9 percent respectively between the two time periods. It says the probabilities of moving out of labor force to employment increased from 2.8 percent to 3.1 percent during the study period.

“Compared to males, the labor patterns for females also show higher rates of losing employment and less opportunities of finding employment during the entire study period,” the study stressed. Moreover study explains that “the transition probabilities of EU are higher for the 15-24 age group than for 25-34 group for both periods. This may be indicative of that the older group has more education & training and/or experience to move.”

It is not clear whether it is mere chance or employers prefer older more experienced workers over younger inexperience workers, it says while adding that one could guess that these are mature people who could be having family responsibilities and could not afford to choose jobs. Economic theory explains how the aggregates of employment and unemployment are determined by the business cycle of the economy, the researchers say.

They point out that the aggregate unemployment rate may also be influenced by worker flows between different labour market states of employment, unemployment and out-of-labour market. Thus, study highlights that it is important to analyse transitions of workers among labour market states for many reasons. “One reason is that while aggregate unemployment may be due to lack of job expansions in the economy, some of the unemployment arise due to job mobility,” UB academics say.

The new study will contribute to existing literature because the researchers claim that there is no literature on labour market transitions in Botswana. Majority of the studies that employed duration models attempted to estimate the duration of unemployment, conditional on individual personal characteristics and labor market conditions experienced by individuals. While the labour market transitions of the labour force are important in explaining unemployment, the study states that the socio-economic characteristics of individuals also play an important role.

“These individual characteristics influence the flows of people into different labour market positions, which can be measured by probabilities of losing jobs and probabilities of finding new jobs,” study further says. Botswana has its share of youth unemployment which remains a global concern and most countries continue to experience increased youth unemployment and this is particularly so for African economies, most of which are currently struggling to address the problem.

According to International Labour Organisation (ILO), given the sustained upward trend in global unemployment, which has hit the youths so hard, it is likely that many of them will continue to be almost three times unemployed than the adult population, hence the need to conduct youth unemployment studies.

Continue Reading

News

Nigerians, Zimbabweans apply for Chema Chema Fund

16th April 2024

Fronting activities, where locals are used as a front for foreign-owned businesses, have been a long-standing issue in Botswana. These activities not only undermine the government’s efforts to promote local businesses but also deprive Batswana of opportunities for economic empowerment, officials say. The Ministry of Trade and Industry has warned of heavy penalties for those involved in fronting activities especially in relation to the latest popular government initiative dubbed Chema Chema.

According to the Ministry, the Industrial Development Act of 2019 clearly outlines the consequences of engaging in fronting activities. The fines of up to P50,000 for first-time offenders and P20,000 plus a two-year jail term for repeat offenders send a strong message that the government is serious about cracking down on this illegal practice. These penalties are meant to deter individuals from participating in fronting activities and to protect the integrity of local industries.

“It is disheartening to hear reports of collaboration between foreigners and locals to exploit government initiatives such as the Chema Chema Fund. This fund, administered by CEDA and LEA, is meant to support informal traders and low-income earners in Botswana. However, when fronting activities come into play, the intended beneficiaries are sidelined, and the funds are misused for personal gain.” It has been discovered that foreign nationals predominantly of Zimbabwean and Nigerian origin use unsuspecting Batswana to attempt to access the Chema Chema Fund. It is understood that they approach these Batswana under the guise of drafting business plans for them or simply coming up with ‘bankable business ideas that qualify for Chema Chema.’

Observers say the Chema Chema Fund has the potential to uplift the lives of many Batswana who are struggling to make ends meet. They argue that it is crucial that these funds are used for their intended purpose and not siphoned off through illegal activities such as fronting. The Ministry says the warning it issued serves as a reminder to all stakeholders involved in the administration of these funds to ensure transparency and accountability in their disbursement.

One local commentator said it is important to highlight the impact of fronting activities on the local economy and the livelihoods of Batswana. He said by using locals as a front for foreign-owned businesses, opportunities for local entrepreneurs are stifled, and the economic empowerment of Batswana is hindered. The Ministry’s warning of heavy penalties is a call to action for all stakeholders to work together to eliminate fronting activities and promote a level playing field for local businesses.

Meanwhile, the Ministry of Trade and Industry’s warning of heavy penalties for fronting activities is a necessary step to protect the integrity of local industries and promote economic empowerment for Batswana. “It is imperative that all stakeholders comply with regulations and work towards a transparent and accountable business environment. By upholding the law and cracking down on illegal activities, we can ensure a fair and prosperous future for all Batswana.”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continue Reading

News

Merck Foundation and African First Ladies mark World Health Day 2024

15th April 2024

Merck Foundation, the philanthropic arm of Merck KGaA Germany marks “World Health Day” 2024 together with Africa’s First Ladies who are also Ambassadors of MerckFoundation “More Than a Mother” Campaign through their Scholarship and Capacity Building Program. Senator, Dr. Rasha Kelej, CEO of Merck Foundation emphasized, “At Merck Foundation, we mark World Health Day every single day of the year over the past 12 years, by building healthcare capacity and transforming patient care across Africa, Asia and beyond.

I am proud to share that Merck Foundation has provided over 1740 scholarships to aspiring young doctors from 52 countries, in 44 critical and underserved medical specialties such as Oncology, Diabetes, Preventative Cardiovascular Medicine, Endocrinology, Sexual and Reproductive Medicine, Acute Medicine, Respiratory Medicine, Embryology & Fertility specialty, Gastroenterology, Dermatology, Psychiatry, Emergency and Resuscitation Medicine, Critical Care, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Neonatal Medicine, Advanced Surgical Practice, Pain Management, General Surgery, Clinical Microbiology and infectious diseases, Internal Medicine, Trauma & Orthopedics, Neurosurgery, Neurology, Cardiology, Stroke Medicine, Care of the Older Person, Family Medicine, Pediatrics and Child Health, Obesity & Weight Management, Women’s Health, Biotechnology in ART and many more”.

As per the available data, Africa has only 34.6% of the required doctors, nurses, and midwives. It is projected that by 2030, Africa would need additional 6.1 million doctors, nurses, and midwives*. “For Example, before the start of the Merck Foundation programs in 2012; there was not a single Oncologist, Fertility or Reproductive care specialists, Diabetologist, Respiratory or ICU specialist in many countries such as The Gambia, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Central African Republic, Guinea, Burundi, Niger, Chad, Ethiopia, Namibia among others. We are certainly creating historic legacy in Africa, and also beyond. Together with our partners like Africa’s First Ladies, Ministries of Health, Gender, Education and Communication, we are impacting the lives of people in the most disadvantaged communities in Africa and beyond.”, added Senator Dr. Kelej. Merck Foundation works closely with their Ambassadors, the African First Ladies and local partners such as; Ministries of Health, Education, Information & Communication, Gender, Academia, Research Institutions, Media and Art in building healthcare capacity and addressing health, social & economic challenges in developing countries and under-served communities. “I strongly believe that training healthcare providers and building professional healthcare capacity is the right strategy to improve access to equitable and quality at health care in Africa.

Therefore, I am happy to announce the Call for Applications for 2024 Scholarships for young doctors with special focus on female doctors for our online one-year diploma and two year master degree in 44 critical and underserved medical specialties, which includes both Online Diploma programs and On-Site Fellowship and clinical training programs. The applications are invited through the Office of our Ambassadors and long-term partners, The First Ladies of Africa and Ministry of Health of each country.” shared Dr . Kelej. “Our aim is to improve the overall health and wellbeing of people by building healthcare capacity across Africa, Asia and other developing countries. We are strongly committed to transforming patientcare landscape through our scholarships program”, concluded Senator Kelej.

Continue Reading

News

Interpol fugitive escapes from Botswana

15th April 2024

John Isaak Ndovi, a Tanzanian national embroiled in controversy and pursued under a red notice by the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol), has mysteriously vanished, bypassing a scheduled bail hearing at the Extension 2 Magistrate Court in Gaborone. Previously apprehended by Botswana law enforcement at the Tlokweng border post several months earlier, his escape has ignited serious concerns.

Accused of pilfering assets worth in excess of P1 million, an amount translating to roughly 30,000 Omani Riyals, Ndovi has become a figure of paramount interest, especially to the authorities in the Sultanate of Oman, nestled in the far reaches of Asia.

The unsettling news of his disappearance surfaced following his failure to present himself at the Extension 2 Magistrate Court the preceding week. Speculation abounds that Ndovi may have sought refuge in South Africa in a bid to elude capture, prompting a widespread mobilization of law enforcement agencies to ascertain his current location.

In an official communiqué, Detective Senior Assistant Police Commissioner Selebatso Mokgosi of Interpol Gaborone disclosed Ndovi’s apprehension last September at the Tlokweng border, a capture made possible through the vigilant issuance of the Interpol red notice.

At 36, Ndovi is implicated in a case of alleged home invasion in Oman. Despite the non-existence of an extradition treaty between Botswana and Oman, Nomsa Moatswi, the Director of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP), emphasized that the lack of formal extradition agreements does not hinder her office’s ability to entertain extradition requests. She highlighted the adoption of international cooperation norms, advocating for collaboration through the lenses of international comity and reciprocity.

Moatswi disclosed the intensified effort by law enforcement to locate Ndovi following his no-show in court, and pointed to Botswana’s track record of extraditing two international fugitives from France and Zimbabwe in the previous year as evidence of the country’s relentless pursuit of legal integrity.

When probed about the potential implications of Ndovi’s case on Botswana’s forthcoming evaluation by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), Moatswi reserved her speculations. She acknowledged the criticality of steering clear of blacklisting, suggesting that this singular case is unlikely to feature prominently in the FATF’s assessment criteria.

 

Continue Reading