Almost P1 billion of tax payer’s money has been lost by 18 of the biggest state-owned enterprises, among them, Botswana Meat Commission (BMC), which recently made headlines when it nearly closed shop owing to P40 million debt.
The accumulated losses by the quasi-government institutions who are all failing to make profits stands at P742, 187, 254.00, according to Auditor General Report. This is without the other nine parastatals which are yet to submit audited reports to the Auditor General. There are possibilities that the loss could spill over billions. The state-owned BMC which has continued to experience financial challenges and has relied on government bailouts, loan guarantees and grants since years back, is yet to turn profit and is as good as insolvent.
BMC has on top of their deficit received P546 million as loans from government and it is yet to be paid back. However, the accounting officer of the commission has informed the Public Accounts Committee in the past that “a Government decision had been made in February 2018, to convert all loans to the Commission into equity.”
BMC were audited by Messrs Ernst & Young, Certified Auditors, who were appointed by the Commission board. In the year under review, the Group and the Commission recorded a loss of P238.47 million and P242.15 million before revaluation loss on property, plant and equipment of P220.38 million and P222.28 million, compared to a loss of P222.52 million and P204.05 million, respectively, reported in the previous year.
The commissions’ balance sheet also shows a negative digit as it has current assets of P222.50 million while total current liabilities are P487.90 million, resulting in a net current liabilities position of P265.40 million, while that of the Commission showed current assets of P222.57 million and current liabilities of P543.30 million giving a current liabilities position of P320.73 million.
Most of the BMC debts accrue from overspending on paying for feedlots. “Management highlighted that there were instances beyond the Commission and the feedlotter’s control that sometimes resulted in cattle standing beyond the average time, such as days spent by cattle in sick pens and veterinary issues. Further it has been noted, as in the previous year, a balance of P7.29 million in the Botswana Post clearing account.
“In response management (BMC) stated that they engaged Botswana Post on several occasions regarding the matter and it was not concluded. The Commission had decided to engage legally to settle the dispute as it was a dispute between the parties,” report highlights. Other bleeding parastatals include Air Botswana (AB-P42.10 million) and Motor Vehicle Accident Fund (MVA-P126.49 million), Botswana Agriculture Marketing Board (BAMB-P65.36).
Their combined losses top P233.95 million and without much hope of their prospects improving drastically in the near future. The auditors had attributed AB losses to the fact that in the previous years, “management had not performed a formal review (except for motor vehicles) for a number of fully depreciated assets in the assets register to determine whether the assets were in use or needed”.
The auditors noted that the Corporation had not obtained approval from the Minister for tariff changes made during the year under review. “Management indicated that fares were influenced by competition, demand and seasonal promotions which require adjustments to fares to the prevailing conditions which could be as frequent,” says the report. MVA however could not tell the AG as to why they recorded such a deficit but in the past year it made a P260.62 million losses.
FIVE PARASTATALS MAKE P1.5 BILLION PROFIT
Five parastatals however; have made a promising profit of P1, 541,290.00 billion accumulatively. Water Utilities Corporation (WUC P513.46), Botswana Telecommunications Limited (BTCL P217.35 million), Botswana Power Corporation (BPC 67.411 million), Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC P87.75 million) and lastly Botswana Railways (BR P48.62 million).
Despite WUC making the highest profits it could have done more way better in profitability, “the auditors noted that total debtors outstanding for over 90 days amounted to P431.27 million, including Government debtors who made 50 percent of total debtors at year-end.” The auditors also indicated that at the end of the financial year under review, the Corporation was lagging behind on consumer billing, with a number of bills amounting to P37.52 million for 2017/2018 being processed in the financial year 2018/2019. BTC on the other hand while it made profit, it is a decrease from P237.35 million in the previous year.
10 PARASTATALS YET TO SUBMIT AUDITED REPORTS
The AG is lamenting that ten of the parastatals failed to furnish him with the audited finances for revision. NDB which is perennially on the red seeking bail-out loans from government did not submit. In 2016, NDB requested government to inject capital amounting to about P1 billion in the next three years in order to transform the bank and prepare it for commercialisation. In 2017, it was offered P400 million by government, P100 million of it being a grant while the remaining P300 million was a loan.
Last year, NDB again approached and lobbied the Parliamentary Committee on Public Enterprises and Statutory Bodies to facilitate a process that will see the beleaguered bank being recapitalised to stay afloat en route commercialization. CEDA which has in the past been defrauded millions of pula with the latest being P50 million loans to Samson Moyo Guma’s United Refineries which was never paid back also is on the list. Most of the monies loaned to entrepreneurs have not been paid back, a factor likely to see the Thabo Thamane led organisation also recording millions of deficit.
Other enterprises that are yet to submit the returns are Botswana Savings Bank (BSB), Botswana Tourism Organization (BTO), Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS), Civil Aviation Authority Botswana (CAAB), University of Botswana (UB), Public Enterprises Evaluation and Privatization Agency (PEEPA), Vision 2036 Council and Mineral Development Corporation (MDC). Reasons as to why they did not furnish the AG office with the report varied from “failure to have a functional board, others waiting the report from the auditors.”
“I had circularised all statutory bodies and state-owned enterprises requesting them to forward to me copies of their audited financial statements and reports for purposes of review and inclusion of the review results in this report,” AG Pulane Letebele says in his 201 paged reports. With the exception of the Botswana Railways and Air Botswana which are under the ambit of the AG, the rest of the statutory bodies and state-owned enterprises are audited by independent auditors appointed by their Boards of management under the terms of their governing statutes. However, by a long-standing arrangement these entities provide the AG with the audited accounts and reports of their organisations for purposes of review and inclusion of the review results in this report to the National Assembly.
As the preparations for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) congress are about to kick off, reports on the ground suggest that the party’s Deputy Treasurer Jackdish Shah will not defend the position in August as he contemplates relocation.
According to sources, the businessman who joined the BDP Central Committee in 2015 at the 36th Congress held in Mmadinare is ready to leave the party’s politburo. It is said he long made up his mind not to defend the position last year. A prominent businessman, Shah, when he won the position to assist Satar Dada in 2015 was expected to improve the party’s financial vibrancy. By then the party was under the leadership of Ian Khama.
According to close sources, Shah long decided not to contest because he has fallen out of favour with the party leadership. It is said he took the decision after some prominent businessmen who are BDP members and part of football syndicate decided to push him out and they used their proximity to President Mokgweetsi Masisi to badmouth him hence the decision.
“The fight at the Botswana Football Association (BFA) and Botswana Football League (BFL) has left him alone in the desert and some faces there used their close access to the President to isolate him,” said a source. Media reports say, Shah does not see eye to eye with BFA President MacLean Letshwiti who is also Masisi’s buddy hence the decision.
BFL Chairman Nicholas Zackhem is said to be not in good terms with Shah, who at one point Chaired the then Botswana Premier League (BPL). “He is seriously considering quitting because of what is unfolding at the team (Township Rollers) which is slowly not making financial gains and might be relegated and he wants to sell while it is still worth the investment,” said a highly placed source.
Shah is a renowned businessman who runs internet providing company Zebra net, H &G, game farm in Kasane, cattle farm in Ghanzi region and lot of properties in Gaborone. He also has two hotels in USA, his advisors have given him thumbs up on the possible decision of relocating provided he does not sell some of the investments that are doing well.
Asked about whether he will be contesting Shah could not confirm nor deny the reports. It is said for now it is too early as a public decision will have to be taken after the national council meeting and prior to the national congress. “As a BDP Central Committee member he cannot make that announcement now,” a BDP source said.
BDP is expected to assemble for the National Council during the July holidays while the National Congress is billed for August. It is then that the party will elect a new CC members. The last time BDP held elective congress was at Kang in 2019. The party is yet to issue writ.
The government has failed to implement some commitments and agreements that it had entered into with unions to improve conditions of public servants.
Three years after the government and public made commitments aimed at improving conditions of work and services it has emerged that the government has ignored and failed to implement all commitments on conditions of service emanating from the 2019 round of negotiations.
In its position paper that saw public service salaries being increased by 5%, the government the government has also signalled its intention to renege on some of the commitments it had made. “Government aspires to look into all outstanding issues contained in the Labour Agreement signed between the Employer and recognised Trade Union on the 27th August 2019 and that it be reviewed, revised and delinked by both Parties with a view to agree on those whose implementation that can be realistically executed during the financial years 2022/23, 2023/24 and 2024/25 respectively,” the government said.
Furthermore, in addition to reviewing, revising and de-linking of the outstanding issues contained in the Collective Labour Agreement alluded to above and taking on a progressive proposal, government desires to review revise, develop and implement human resource policies as listed below during the financial year 2022/23,2023/24,2024/25
They include selection and appointment policy, learning and development policy, transfer guidelines, conditions of service, permanent and pensionable, temporary and part time, Foreign Service, expatriate and disciplinary procedures.
In their proposal paper, the unions which had proposed an 11 percent salary increase but eventually settled for 5% percent indicated that the government has not, and without explanation, acted on some of the key commitments from the 2019/2020 and 2021/22 round of negotiations. The essential elements of these commitments include among others the remuneration Policy for the Public Service.
The paper states that a Remuneration Policy will be developed to inform decision making on remuneration in the Public Service. It is envisaged that consultations between the government and relevant key stakeholders on the policy was to start on 1st September 2019, and the development of the policy should be concluded by 30th June 2020.
The public sector unions said the Remuneration Policy is yet to be developed. The Cooperating Unions suggested that the process should commence without delay and that it should be as participatory as it was originally conceived. Another agreement relate to Medical Aid Contribution for employees on salary Grades A and B.
The employer contribution towards medical aid for employees on salary Grades A and B will be increased from 50% to 80% for the Standard Option of the Botswana Public “Officers’ Medical Aid Scheme effective 1st October 2019; the cooperating unions insist that, in fulfilling this commitment, there should be no discrimination between those on the high benefit and those on the medium benefit plan,” the unions proposal paper says.
Another agreement involves the standardisation of gratuities across the Public Service. “Gratuities for all employees on fixed term contracts of 12 months but not exceeding 5 years, including former Industrial class employees be standardized at 30% across the Public Service in order to remove the existing inequalities and secure long-term financial security for Public Service Employees at lower grades with immediate effect,” the paper states.
The other agreement signed by the public sector unions and the government was the development of fan-shaped Salary Structure. The paper says the Public Service will adopt a best practice fan-shaped and overlapping structure, with modification to suit the Botswana context. The Parties (government and unions) to this agreement will jointly agree on the ranges of salary grades to allow for employees’ progression without a promotion to the available position on the next management level.
“The fan-shaped structure is envisaged to be in place by 1st June 2020, to enable factoring into the budgetary cycle for the financial year 2021/22,” the unions’ proposal paper states. It says the following steps are critical, capacity building of key stakeholders (September – December 2019), commission remuneration market survey (3 months from September to November 2019), design of the fan-shaped structure (2 to 3 months from January to March2020) and consultations with all key stakeholders (March to April 2020).
The unions and government had also signed an agreement on performance management and development: A rigorous performance management and reward system based on a 5-point rating system will be adopted as an integral part of the operationalization of the new Remuneration System.
Performance Management and Development (PMD) will be used to reward workers based on performance. The review of the Performance Management System was to be undertaken in order to close the gaps identified by PEMANDU and other previous reports on PMS between 1st September 2019 and 30th June 2020 as follows; internal process to update and revise the current Performance Management System by January 2020.
A job evaluation exercise in the Public Service will also be undertaken to among others establish internal equity, and will also cover the grading of all supervisory positions within the Public Service. Another agreement included overtime Management. The Directorate of Public Service Management (DPSM) was to facilitate the conclusion of consultations on management of overtime, including consideration of the Overtime Management Task Team’s report on the same by 30th November 2019.
A public health expert, Dr Edward Maganu who is also the former Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of Health has said that unlike many who are expressing shock at the population census growth decline results, he is not, because the 2022 results represents his expectations.
He rushed to dismiss the position by Statistics Botswana in which thy partly attributes the low growth rates to mortality rates for the past ten years. “I don’t think there is any undercounting. I also don’t think death rates have much to do with it since the excessive deaths from HIV/AIDS have been controlled by ARVs and our life expectancy isn’t lower than it was in the 1990s,” he said in an interview with this publication post the release of the results.
Preliminary results released by Statistics Botswana this week indicated that Botswana’s population is now estimated to be 2,346,179 – a figure that the state owned data agency expressed worry over saying it’s below their projected growth. The general decline in the population growth rate is attributed to ‘fertility’ and ‘mortality’ rates that the country registered on the past ten years since the last census in 2011.
Maganu explained that with an enlightened or educated society and the country’s total fertility rate, there was no way the country’s population census was going to match the previous growth rates. “The results of the census make sense and is exactly what I expected. Our Total Fertility Rate ( the average number of children born to a woman) is now around 2.
This is what happens as society develops and educates its women. The enlightened women don’t want to bear many children, they want to work and earn a living, have free time, and give their few children good care. So, there is no under- counting. Census procedures are standard so that results are comparable between countries.
That is why the UN is involved through UNFPA, the UN Agency responsible for population matters,” said Maganu who is also the former adviser to the World Health Organisation. Maganu ruled out undercounting concerns, “I see a lot of Batswana are worried about the census results. Above is what I have always stated.”
Given the disadvantages that accompany low population for countries, some have suggested that perhaps a time has come for the government to consider population growth policies or incentives, suggestions Maganu deems ineffective.
“It has never worked anywhere. The number of children born to a woman are a very private decision of the woman and the husband in an enlightened society. And as I indicated, the more the women of a society get educated, the higher the tendency to have fewer children. All developed countries have a problem of zero population growth or even negative growth.
The replacement level is regarded as 2 children per woman; once the fertility level falls below that, then the population stops growing. That’s why developed countries are depending so much on immigration,” he said.
According to him, a lot of developing countries that are educating their women are heading there, including ourselves-Botswana. “Countries that have had a policy of encouraging women to have more children have failed dismally. A good example is some countries of Eastern Europe (Romania is a good example) that wanted to grow their populations by rewarding women who had more children. It didn’t work. The number of children is a very private matter,” said Maganu
For those who may be worried about the impact of problems associated with low growth rate, Maganu said: “The challenge is to develop society so that it can take care of its dependency ratio, the children and the aged. In developed countries the ratio of people over 60 years is now more than 20%, ours is still less than 10%.”
The preliminary results show that Mogoditshane with (88,098) is now the biggest village in the country with Maun coming second (85,293) and Molepolole at third position with 74,719. Population growth is associated with many economic advantages because more people leads to greater human capital, higher economic growth, economies of scale, the efficiency of higher population density and the improved demographic structure of society, among many others.