Permanent Secretary to the President (PSP) Carter Morupisi has admitted on Friday (yesterday) that government has gone overboard with regard to the law just to please former President Lt Gen Ian Khama.
Morupisi made this startling revelation at a media briefing in Gaborone which was aimed at discussing the pension and benefits of former presidents especially with regard to Khama. The public service chief said former presidents; the late Sir Ketumile Masire and Festus Mogae never wanted special treatment extended to them from government with regard to pensions and benefits, but Khama continues to expect preferential treatment.
“In all honesty I will be not fair and authentic to the late ex-president Masire if I state that he wanted the government to treat him with kids gloves and extended his benefits beyond what is in the rule book,” he stated. According to Morupisi, Masire never troubled government, even though he had many financial shortcoming and needs. In addition to Masire, the PSP also highlighted that even former president Mogae was welcoming and engaging.
“Most importantly he never wanted more than we can provide. When he had some displeasure over something he would rightly say it out to us without reaching such news into the public domain. We spoke in-house and resolved issues amicably in-house,” he pointed out.
The PSP confirmed that there is absolutely nothing special out of the ordinary known benefits and privileges that government has done for both former president Masire and Mogae, unlike Khama, those of which they can speak of.
PSP confirmed that government has awarded former President Khama 13 additional home and office staff against the law. “In other words if he was supposed to have four, we have given him 13 additional staff which is against the law. We broke the law here. It was just to help to second Khama,” he explained. He added: “There is a senior catering officer, a chief catering officer, which ordinarily only should work in the State House. But since Masisi has not moved into the State House we borrowed the staff to Khama.”
According to Morupisi, the straw that broke the camel’s back is now when government asks the staff to return stressing, “that is why we are in disagreement with Khama.” At home, a former president is entitled to, in terms of the law, 2 maids, 1 gardener, and 1 bursary worker. So, it is understood that, with Mogae it is like that and its fine but for Khama, instead of having 2 maids, he was also awarded a chief catering officer sand senior catering officer on top of 2 bursary workers.
Morupisi tried to justify why he broke the law: “so, to avoid an out lash from tax payers and Batswana in general, I have employed a clause in the General Orders that speaks of secondment. I conferred the staff of the president to a secondment to office of the former President.”
The PSP said they admit being wrong with regard to the fact that, they did this when Khama was still president. In other words, he added that, Khama took decisions concerning the office he was heading to, of former President, while he was still president.
“He took away the prerogative of the then incoming president, to take such decisions as the law provides for that. A sitting president now, is the one entitled to take such decisions with regard to the benefits of the retired president (office of the former president.) Morupisi emphasised that by then it was a very amicable understanding as they could not anticipate the hullabaloo that they are currently faced with regarding the fight between Khama and Masisi.
Even when he came into power, Morupisi stated that the incumbent President Mokgweetsi Masisi also asked where the PSP was getting the powers to take such central decisions. “I failed to answer this key inquiry. And I said we were doing this with the then president to facilitate his exit, and acknowledged that we were wrong and asked the president for forgiveness and understanding,” Morupisi said.
“There is no one that we are going to sue. In fact, the Public Accounts Committee (PAC) is waiting to hold us accountable on this, in terms of who authorised the payment of additional staff that assists the former President Khama. That’s where they are going to catch us.”
I advised Khama, Morupisi highlighted adding that but Khama did not take the advices and the buck stopped with him as president. That is why, Morupisi continued, am not divorcing myself from those decisions that were still taken under Khama.
And to put more blame to him, the PSP admitted that the secondment was done as an advice from him as he wanted the staff to work for Khama and return them to their respective previous offices after 12 months.
Government also favoured Khama on overtime allowances
Despite admitting that the former presidents have to be treated equally, Morupisi conceded that with Khama it was not the case. We, he said, normally give overtime allowances to former president to use them on staff when circumstances requires to do so and they realised that, in 2018/19, Mogae’s office was reimbursed 160 000 for overtime while Khama’s was awarded 650 000 signalling the disparity between the former presidents.
“Out of that amount, Mogae only utilised 109 000 and Khama used a whopping 546 000. When you look at the records, Khama spent most money on villages to give away bread and soup as well as assisting his team, Super IV to play football. You be the judge on how this money is used,” he said.
Morupisi also broke the law to accommodate Khama’s Pvt Sec Tlhalerwa
In another turn of events, it appeared that Khama’s Private Secretary Brigadier George Tlhalerwa earned for a salary scale that he was not supposed to be earning. Morupisi explained that: “Khama’s Tlhalerwa was awarded a three-year contract on May 2016 running for three years. But in 1 April 2018, was redeployed to be a Senior Private Secretary to former President Khama but he still retained all his benefits.”
But in a normal case, he added that when one becomes a Senior Private Secretary to former president it is a lower position than a Senior Private Secretary to a sitting President. “The former is Deputy Permanent Secretary Scale and the latter is Permanent Secretary Scale. So Tlhalerwa was paid the way he was previously, although in June 2018 he resigned on unclear grounds and we accepted,” he said.
Why government rejected Isaac Kgosi as Khama’s Pvt Sec
Tlhalerwa’s exit created a vacuum, and that is then that Khama asked government to hire for ex Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) Director General, Colonel Isaac Kgosi as his Senior Private Secretary. “But it was turned down because Kgosi has been expelled by President Masisi on controversial circumstances so it was for government to re-hire him again and we explained. However the matter is currently before court.”
Every new president presents a Policy shift
According to Morupisi, every new president comes with agenda that should be respected and followed. It is lawful, he said that every new president may come with a policy shift while they ascends to power like President Masisi is currently doing. A leader of the Executive he directs the direction that a new government should take, the PSP emphasised.
As examples, “from 1982 to 2017, at Ministry of Agriculture there was ALDEP. It was later reformed to ARAP until 2008 when it became ISPAAD under Khama. Masisi will review it to improve it. There was also SLOCA 1982 – 1987 it gave birth to LIMID. In 1978 – 1994 there was Constituency Community Programe, LG 70 to LG 110, at Ministry of Local Government. So with every new president comes with new direction.”
Presidential Housing Appeal was started by Masire – PSP
The president housing appeal was started by not Khama, but former President Masire in 1994, and then it was named Small Borrowers Fund, Morupisi told the press adding that it assisted with a lot of things like school fees. “So the truth is Khama, you did not start this housing appeal,” he lashed out. According to Morupisi, Khama only made it to appeal to the private sector.
He justified: “the destitute housing programme, from 2006, it built 3336 houses and 1972 in some areas. We did these, from the Office of the President, even under Khama. But now we took an action, to avoid personalising programmes, that we started presidential housing appeal funds.”
Dalai Lama visit: Khama’s security personnel was unlawful
In 2017, the 14th Dalai Lama, the head of state and spiritual leader of the Tibetan government-in-exile based in Dharamshala, India was invited to Botswana and cabinet discussed his visit 2 to 3 times in cabinet. Morupisi stated that they advised Khama against contravening one China policy and that as a sovereign state Botswana should meddle in other countries affairs “but Khama had the last word, as he wanted Lama to come saying he is human right activist.”
The PSP narrated that China assists Batswana with scholarships, they loan Botswana with little interests, send their specialist doctors to Botswana while paying for them. Most importantly, he revealed that as Debswana deputy Chair, 20% of Botswana diamonds are sold to China. “They also threated to close their Embassy. We urged Khama that the national interest far outweighs his interest. But Khama went ahead with his decision despite all these. He took security personnel with him.”
Morupisi confirmed that the security personnel that accompanied Khama to India, against governments order faces disciplinary hearing. “All security personnel must know that their allegiance is mostly to, nobody else but a sitting Commander In Chief. All the disciplinary forces, the ultimate responsibility and direction, they take them from the President. When he orders them they should take such orders without hesitation through his operatives. When he says go to war you go to war, when he says don’t you should not.”
Khama wants Morupisi to account for his retirement gifts
Against what he said at Serowe, Morupisi told the media that when Khama retired Batswana gave him gifts those gifts he said, Khama should ask Tlhalerwa and his team about them not him. Meanwhile on Khawa, the PSP also reminisced that Khama said they are refusing his team to play at Khawa. “I want to clarify that his team is not owned by government but is for him as an individual and therefore government can’t spend on it.”
On transport, Morupisi pointed out that there is where they disagree, as government believes that the law states that former president can be availed transport on a case by case scenario as determined by a sitting president and that it is the prerogative of the president. “Now Khama interprets it differently that it’s a must for transport to be availed to him upon request,” he said.
On transport, the PSP also confirmed that “out of 13 requests made by Khama, Masisi accepted 7 and rejected 4. Now all these issues are before court; Khama is using government.” When narrating this, the PSP wants the nation to make a sound judgement on whether they are on the right track or not treating Khama well – in terms of the law.
What the law says: benefits of former presidents
The Pensions and Retirement benefits Act provides that; a former President is, upon ceasing to hold office, entitled to receive a tax free monthly pension equivalent to the monthly basic salary attached to the office of President the time that he or she ceases to hold office, or 80 percent of the incumbent President’s salary, whichever is greater.“The President shall upon dissolution of Parliament, or immediately ceasing to hold office as such, be entitled to receive a gratuity equal to 30 percent of his or current monthly basic salary multiplied by the number of months completed by him or her as President,” it further provides.
The Act states, however, that the benefits will not be paid should the former leader of state pay allegiance to a foreign power or State. When they are sentenced to death or to serve a prison term and the sentence has not been wholly suspended, a sitting President may withhold the benefits if he sees it fit. The gratuity, pension and all other benefits will be stopped in case the former President dies, or in case of marriage of the surviving spouse or when their dependent child reaches the age of 21 years.
The bill also states that when the former President, spouse or their offspring is ruled to be bankrupt, the pension, other benefits and their value shall not form part of the assets of their insolvent estate. In addition, the former President is entitled to a number of security officers as determined by the sitting President, two drivers, one private secretary, one secretary and one office attendant. It states that first class air travel is extended to international trips up to a maximum of 4 trips per annum(including a spouse if accompanying)and per diem for each trip as may be determined by a sitting President.
For transport needs a former president receives one sedan (Mercedes Benz or an equivalent or similar class of motor vehicle), one 4 wheel drive station wagon and one pick-up van and they will be replaced as and when necessary, like other government vehicles, albeit being in the permanent disposal of the former President. Every former president also receives entertainment allowance determined by a sitting President, telephone expenses as well as water and electricity expenses for the office and residence.
Over 2,000 civil servants in the public sector have been interdicted for a variety of reasons, the majority of which are criminal in nature.
According to reports, some officers have been under interdiction for more than two years because such matters are still being investigated. Information reachingÂ WeekendPostÂ shows that local government, particularly councils, has the highest number of suspended officers.
In its annual report, the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) revealed that councils lead in corrupt activities throughout the country, and dozens of council employees are being investigated for alleged corrupt activities. It is also reported that disciplined forces, including the Botswana Defence Force (BDF), police, and prisons, and the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS) have suspended a significant number of officers.
The Ministry of Education and Skills Development has also recorded a good number of teachers who have implicated in love relationships with students, while some are accused of impregnating students both in primary and secondary school. Regional education officers have been tasked to investigate such matters and are believed to be far from completion as some students are dragging their feet in assisting the investigations to be completed.
This year, Mmadinare Senior Secondary reportedly had the highest number of pregnancies, especially among form five students who were later forcibly expelled from school. Responding to this publicationâ€™s queries, Permanent Secretary to the Office of the President Emma Peloetletse said, â€śas you might be aware, I am currently addressing public servants across the length and breadth of our beautiful republic. Due to your detailed enquiry, I am not able to respond within your schedule,â€ť she said.
She said some of the issues raised need verification of facts, some are still under investigation while some are still before the courts of law.
Meanwhile, it is close to six months since the Police Commissioner Keabetwe Makgophe, Director General of the Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) Tymon Katlholo and the Deputy Director of the DIS Tefo Kgothane were suspended from their official duties on various charges.
Efforts to solicit comment from trade unions were futile at the time of going to press.
Some suspended officers who opted for anonymity claimed that they have close to two years while on suspension. One stated that the investigations that led him to be suspended have not been completed.
â€śIt is heartbreaking that at this time the investigations have not been completed,â€ť he toldÂ WeekendPost, adding that â€śwhen a person is suspended, they get their salary fully without fail until the matter is resolvedâ€ť.
Makgophe, Katlholo and Kgothane are the three most high-ranking government officials that are under interdiction.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and some senior government officials are abuzz with reports that President Mokgweetsi Masisi has requested his Vice President, Slumber Tsogwane not to contest the next general elections in 2024.
The impacts of climate change are increasing in frequency and intensity every year and this is forecast to continue for the foreseeable future. African CEOs in the Global South are finally coming to the party on how to tackle the crisis.
Following the completion of COP27 in Egypt recently, CEOs of Africa DFIs converged in Botswana for the CEO Forum of the Association of African Development Finance Institutions. One of the key themes was on green financing and building partnerships for resource mobilization in financing SDGs in Africa
A report; “Weathering the storm; African Development Banks response to Covid-19” presented shocking findings during the seminar. Among them; African DFI’s have proven to be financially resilient, and they are fast shifting to a green transition and it’s financing.
COO, CEDA, James Moribame highlighted that; “Everyone needs food, shelter and all basic needs in general, but climate change is putting the achievement of this at bay. “It is expensive for businesses to do business, for instance; it is much challenging for the agricultural sector due to climate change, and the risks have gone up. If a famer plants crops, they should be ready for any potential natural disaster which will cost them their hard work.”
According to Moribame, Start-up businesses will forever require help if there is no change.
“There is no doubt that the Russia- Ukraine war disrupted supply chains. SMMEs have felt the most impact as some start-up businesses acquire their materials internationally, therefore as inflation peaks, this means the exchange rate rises which makes commodities expensive and challenging for SMMEs to progress. Basically, the cost of doing business has gone up. Governments are no longer able to support DFI’s.”
Moribame shared remedies to the situation, noting that; “What we need is leadership that will be able to address this. CEOs should ensure companies operate within a framework of responsible lending. They also ought to scout for opportunities that would be attractive to investors, this include investors who are willing to put money into green financing. Botswana is a prime spot for green financing due to the great opportunity that lies in solar projects. ”
Technology has been hailed as the economy of the future and thus needs to be embraced to drive operational efficiency both internally and externally.
Executive Director, bank of Industry Nigeria, Simon Aranou mentioned that for investors to pump money to climate financing in Africa, African states need to be in alignment with global standards.
“Do what meets world standards if you want money from international investors. Have a strong risk management system. Also be a good borrower, if you have a loan, honour the obligation of paying it back because this will ensure countries have a clean financial record which will then pave way for easier lending of money in the future. African states cannot just be demanding for mitigation from rich countries. Financing needs infrastructure to complement it, you cannot be seating on billions of dollars without the necessary support systems to make it work for you. Domestic resource mobilisation is key. Use public money to mobilise private money.” He said.
For his part, the Minster of Minister of Entrepreneurship, Karabo Gare enunciated that, over the past three years, governments across the world have had to readjust their priorities as the world dealt with the effects and impact of the COVID 19 pandemic both to human life and economic prosperity.
“The role of DFIs, during this tough period, which is to support governments through countercyclical measures, including funding of COVID-19 related development projects, has become more important than ever before. However, with the increasingly limited resources from governments, DFIs are now expected to mobilise resources to meet the fiscal gaps and continue to meet their developmental mandates across the various affected sectors of their economies.” Said Gare.