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Inflation went slightly up in June 2019

The annual inflation rate in June 2019 was 2.8 percent, registering an increase of 0.2 of a percentage point on the May 2019 of 2.6 percent. This is according to the Consumer Price Index released recently by Statistics Botswana.

The inflation rates for regions between May 2019 and June 2019 showed that rural village’s increased to 2.1 percent from 1.8 percent. Urban villages went up to 2.9 percent from 2.7 percent. Cities and Towns moved from 2.9 percent in May to 3.0 percent in June. The national consumer price index moved to 101.5 in June 2019, recording an increase of 0.2 percent from 101.3 which was registered in May 2019. The cities and towns moved from 101.4 to 101.6 registering an increase of 0.2 percent during the period under review.

The rural villages index realized an increase of 0.2 percent, moving from 100.9 in May to 101.1 in June 2019. The urban village’s index registered an increase of 0.1 percent, advancing from 101.5 to 101.6 over the two periods. Group indices were generally moving at a steady pace between May 2019 and June 2019, recording changes of less than 1.0 percent.

The furnishing, house hold equipment and routine maintenance group index advanced to 101.6 from 100.8 recording an increase of 0.8 percent over the two months. This was attributed to the general increase in the constituent section indices, notably, goods and services for household maintenance, glassware, tableware and household utensils.

The alcoholic beverages and tobacco group index registered a rise of 0.7 percent, from 102.4 in May 2019 to 103.2 in June 2019. This was due to an increase in the constituent section indices of alcoholic beverages, which was 0.8 percent and tobacco which registered 0.4 percent. The housing, water, electricity, gas and other fuel groups index moved from 100.4 to 100.9, registering an increase of 0.5 percent during the period under review. This was due to an increase in the constituent section index of rent paid by tenants, which went up by 1.2 percent.

The All-Tradeables index was 101.4 in June, registering an increase of 0.1 percent. The Non-Tradeables index realized an increase of 0.3 percent, moving from 101.3 in May to 101.6 in June 2019. The Domestic Tradeables index recorded an increase of 0.1 percent, advancing from 102.3 in May 2019 to 102.5 in June. The Imported Tradeables index, remained at 101.0 between May and June 2019.

All-Tradeables inflation rate stood at 3.2 percent in June 2019, recording a drop of 0.5 of a percentage point on the May 2019 rate of 3.7 percent. The Non-Tradeable inflation rate accelerated to 2.0 percent in June from 0.8 percent in May 2019. The Imported Tradeables rate went down to 3.6 percent in June from 4.4 percent in May, while the Domestic Tradeables inflation rate advanced from 2.4 to 2.6 percent over the two months.

According to the Bank of Botswana “the increase in inflation during June 2019 reflects the rise in the rate of annual change in prices for most categories of goods and services, led by ‘Alcoholic Beverages and Tobacco’ (from 2.9 to 3.4 percent) and Furnishing, Household Equipment and Routine Maintenance (from 1.7 to 2.1 percent). Other categories contributing to the higher inflation are: Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages (from 1 to 1.3 percent), Health (from 1 to 1.2 percent), Recreation and Culture (from 0 to 0.2 percent) and Clothing and Footwear (from 1 to 1.1 percent).

The decrease in the deflation (from -9.3 to -0.1 percent – due to base effects associated with the reduction in voice call tariffs in June 2018) in ‘Communication ‘also contributed to the higher overall annual inflation in June than in May. However, the upward pressure on inflation was partly offset by inflation decreasing with respect to Transport (from 7.7 to 6 percent) and Restaurants and Hotels (from 2.5 to 2.3 percent). Inflation remained unchanged for: Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas and Other Fuels (1.7 percent), Education (3.2 percent) and Miscellaneous Goods and Services (4.8 percent).”  

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Botswana on high red alert as AML joins Covid-19 to plague mankind

21st September 2020

This century is always looking at improving new super high speed technology to make life easier. On the other hand, beckoning as an emerging fierce reversal force to equally match or dominate this life enhancing super new tech, comes swift human adversaries which seem to have come to make living on earth even more difficult.

The recent discovery of a pandemic, Covid-19, which moves at a pace of unimaginable and unpredictable proportions; locking people inside homes and barring human interactions with its dreaded death threat, is currently being felt.

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Finance Committee cautions Gov’t against imprudent raising of debt levels

21st September 2020
Finance Committe Chairman: Thapelo Letsholo

Member of Parliament for Kanye North, Thapelo Letsholo has cautioned Government against excessive borrowing and poorly managed debt levels.

He was speaking in  Parliament on Tuesday delivering  Parliament’s Finance Committee report after assessing a  motion that sought to raise Government Bond program ceiling to P30 billion, a big jump from the initial P15 Billion.

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Gov’t Investment Account drying up fast!  

21st September 2020
Dr Matsheka

Government Investment Account (GIA) which forms part of the Pula fund has been significantly drawn down to finance Botswana’s budget deficits since 2008/09 Global financial crises.

The 2009 global economic recession triggered the collapse of financial markets in the United States, sending waves of shock across world economies, eroding business sentiment, and causing financiers of trade to excise heightened caution and hold onto their cash.

The ripple effects of this economic catastrophe were mostly felt by low to middle income resource based economies, amplifying their vulnerability to external shocks. The diamond industry which forms the gist of Botswana’s economic make up collapsed to zero trade levels across the entire value chain.

The Upstream, where Botswana gathers much of its diamond revenue was adversely impacted by muted demand in the Midstream. The situation was exacerbated by zero appetite of polished goods by jewelry manufacturers and retail outlets due to lowered tail end consumer demand.

This resulted in sharp decline of Government revenue, ballooned budget deficits and suspension of some developmental projects. To finance the deficit and some prioritized national development projects, government had to dip into cash balances, foreign reserves and borrow both externally and locally.

Much of drawing was from Government Investment Account as opposed to drawing from foreign reserve component of the Pula Fund; the latter was spared as a fiscal buffer for the worst rainy days.

Consequently this resulted in significant decline in funds held in the Government Investment Account (GIA). The account serves as Government’s main savings depository and fund for national policy objectives.

However as the world emerged from the 2009 recession government revenue graph picked up to pre recession levels before going down again around 2016/17 owing to challenges in the diamond industry.

Due to a number of budget surpluses from 2012/13 financial year the Government Investment Account started expanding back to P30 billion levels before a series of budget deficits in the National Development Plan 11 pushed it back to decline a decline wave.

When the National Development Plan 11 commenced three (3) financial years ago, government announced that the first half of the NDP would run at budget deficits.

This  as explained by Minister of Finance in 2017 would be occasioned by decline in diamond revenue mainly due to government forfeiting some of its dividend from Debswana to fund mine expansion projects.

Cumulatively since 2017/18 to 2019/20 financial year the budget deficit totaled to over P16 billion, of which was financed by both external and domestic borrowing and drawing down from government cash balances. Drawing down from government cash balances meant significant withdrawals from the Government Investment Account.

The Government Investment Account (GIA) was established in accordance with Section 35 of the Bank of Botswana Act Cap. 55:01. The Account represents Government’s share of the Botswana‘s foreign exchange reserves, its investment and management strategies are aligned to the Bank of Botswana’s foreign exchange reserves management and investment guidelines.

Government Investment Account, comprises of Pula denominated deposits at the Bank of Botswana and held in the Pula Fund, which is the long-term investment tranche of the foreign exchange reserves.

In June 2017 while answering a question from Bogolo Kenewendo, the then Minister of Finance & Economic Development Kenneth Mathambo told parliament that as of June 30, 2017, the total assets in the Pula Fund was P56.818 billion, of which the balance in the GIA was P30.832 billion.

Kenewendo was still a back bench specially elected Member of Parliament before ascending to cabinet post in 2018. Last week Minister of Finance & Economic Development, Dr Thapelo Matsheka, when presenting a motion to raise government local borrowing ceiling from P15 billion to P30 Billion told parliament that as of December 2019 Government Investment Account amounted to P18.3 billion.

Dr Matsheka further told parliament that prior to financial crisis of 2008/9 the account amounted to P30.5 billion (41 % of GDP) in December of 2008 while as at December 2019 it stood at P18.3 billion (only 9 % of GDP) mirroring a total decline by P11 billion in the entire 11 years.

Back in 2017 Parliament was also told that the Government Investment Account may be drawn-down or added to, in line with actuations in the Government’s expenditure and revenue outturns. “This is intended to provide the Government with appropriate funds to execute its functions and responsibilities effectively and efficiently” said Mathambo, then Minister of Finance.

Acknowledging the need to draw down from GIA no more, current Minister of Finance   Dr Matsheka said “It is under this background that it would be advisable to avoid excessive draw down from this account to preserve it as a financial buffer”

He further cautioned “The danger with substantially reduced financial buffers is that when an economic shock occurs or a disaster descends upon us and adversely affects our economy it becomes very difficult for the country to manage such a shock”

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