Barclays Bank of Botswana, the country’s second largest by market share has realized an impressive financial cruise as it builds up final transformation into a full ABSA trading outfit. The Banks’s financial results for the half period year ended 30 June 2019 mirrors a glittering 49 percent statutory upswing in profit before tax to close the year P387 million from P260 million registered in 2018 half year.
According to Barclays the performance is mainly attributable to growth in income, contained costs and favorable credit losses. “Despite the challenging environment we operate in, a steady growth in income across the business segments relative to the previous year has characterized our performance for the period under review,” said Barclays Managing Director, Keabetswe Pheko-Moshagane when announcing the financial results in Gaborone this week.
Barclays’s total income from operations realized 9 percent growth year on year translating to an increase of P67 million, this in particular according to the MD was bolstered by Balance sheet growth of 6% and an increase in net fees as well as commission income increase of 5% year on-year. “We continued to drive momentum across all our key segments to negate the effects of compressed margins arising from an increase in cost of funding,” she said.
Financial figures indicate that net Interest income increased by 8 percent year on year, mainly driven by balance sheet growth. Mogashane further noted the business remained resilient in its selected market segments and continued to drive credit growth with operating costs being contained resulting into a cost to income ratio of 53 percent for the period ended 30 June 2019.
“This is in line with our strategy to achieve cost to income ratio of lower 50’s. We incurred total costs of P431 million on a statutory basis representing an increase of 8 percent year on year on a normalized view costs grew by 4 percent We continue to seek opportunities to realize cost efficiencies to ensure a sustainable business operation,” she explained.
On credit losses Barclays Bank managed to compress figures by 110 percent when compared to previous half year , ending the June 2019 half year period with an overall net recovery of P8 million. “Our year to date expected credit losses performance has benefited from a significant recovery from one of our corporate clients, our enhanced collections capability and conservative credit extension to high risk sectors,” added the Barclays MD.
Deliberating on the bank’s financial position Barclays Finance Director Mumba Kalifungwa revealed that Loans and advances to customers grew 12 percent year on year to P12.8 billion from P11.4 billion. “The growth in loans was realized across all business segments as we continue to focus on client penetration and acquisition to drive up our volumes,” he said.
Customer liabilities increased by 7 percent year on year to P13 billion from P12 billion driven by positive growth across our business segments. “Our balance sheet position remains solid at a total financial position of P17.9 billion, with strong liquidity and capital adequacy levels. Barclay’s regulatory capital position stood at P2.5 billion representing a ratio of 18 percent against the regulatory limit of 15 percent and liquid assets ratio was well above the regulatory minimum of 10 percent.”
Zooming into segments financial performance, Barclays Finance Boss explained that the first half of 2019 has seen restrained growth in the economy which resulted the bank’s Corporate Investment Banking segment revenue only growing by 6 % year on year. “We have not seen much activity from the much talked about government spending and it has not emerged as a driver of the economy, although there is growth in other sectors,” he said.
Non-interest income went up by 8% driven by growth in transaction volumes in the bank’s CIB markets business. “There has been a recovery of a balance due from corporate during the period which has led to a positive variance on the expected credit losses line, and as a result of this, corporate segment profit is significantly up year on year,” said Barclays Finance Director.
The sectors that have performed well in this period include wholesale and retail, hospitality, healthcare and telecommunications. Natural resource focus has shifted from diamonds as evidenced by lower production and sales in the first six months of 2019, although there is renewed interest in base metals and coal.
The Retail and Business Banking space made significant progress towards the delivery of its strategy. Growth of 16 percent was registered in loans and advances to customers, which accounted for 9 percent growth in the net interest-income. Deposits due to customer grew by 14 percent year on year. Net fee and commission income increased year on year by 6 percent, on the backdrop of increased transactional volumes and increased uptake of the bank’s digital channels.
“In order to provide instant benefits to our customers when they transact at various merchants outlets, we have signed new partnership agreements, our customers can now enjoy discounts at merchants such as restaurants, hotels, clothing stores as well as health and beauty spas. One of the key components of our strategy is to offer convenience to our customers when transacting,” explained Mumba Kalifungwa.
The Finance Boss added that there has been good growth in both the registrations and usage of Digital channels such as mobile, internet and the Barclays application. “The branches remain pivotal to our distribution strategy,” he said. Speaking to the outlook and future prospects Barclays Managing Director, Keabetswe Pheko-Moshagane noted that as the bank continues with its journey towards re-branding to Absa, more emphasis will be on ensuring that everyone tags along. “Our commitment towards our employees, customers, communities and shareholders remains our highest priority. We remain brave and passionate and ready as we bring the possibilities for our stakeholders to life,” she said.
The recent study on youth entrepreneurship in Botswana has identified difficult access to funding, land, machinery, lack of entrepreneurial mindset and proper training as serious challenges that continue to hamper youth entrepreneurship development in this country.
The study conducted by Alliance for African Partnership (AAP) in collaboration with University of Botswana has confirmed that despite the government and private sector multi-billion pula entrepreneurship development initiatives, many young people in Botswana continue to fail to grow their businesses into sustainable and successful companies that can help reduce unemployment.
University of Botswana researchers Gaofetege Ganamotse and Rudolph Boy who compiled findings in the 2022 study report for Botswana stated that as part of the study interviews were conducted with successful youth entrepreneurs to understand their critical success factors.
According to the researchers other participants were community leaders, business mentors, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Ministry of Youth, Gender, Sport and Culture, financial institutions, higher education institutions, non-governmental institutions, policymakers, private organizations, and support structures such as legal and technical experts and accountants who were interviewed to understand how they facilitate successful youth entrepreneurship.
The researchers said they found that although Botswana government is perceived as the most supportive to businesses when compared to other governments in sub-Saharan Africa, youth entrepreneurs still face challenges when accessing government funding. “Several finance-related challenges were identified by youth entrepreneurs. Some respondents lamented the lack of access to start-up finance, whereas others mentioned lack of access to infrastructure.”
The researchers stated that in Botswana entrepreneurship is not yet perceived as a field or career of choice by many youth “Participants in the study emphasized that the many youth are more of necessity entrepreneurs, seeing business venturing as a “fall back. Other facilitators mentioned that some youth do not display creativity, mind-blowing innovative solutions, and business management skills. Some youth entrepreneurs like to take shortcuts like selling sweets or muffins.”
According to the researchers, some of the youth do not display perseverance when they are faced with adversity in business. “Young people lack of an entrepreneurial mindset is a common challenge among youth in business. Some have a mindset focused on free services, handouts, and rapid gains. They want overnight success. As such, they give up easily when faced with challenges. On the other hand, some participants argue that they may opt for quick wins because they do not have access to any land, machinery, offices, and vehicles.”
The researchers stated that most youth involved in business ventures do not have the necessary training or skills to maintain a business. “Poor financial management has also been cited as one of the challenges for youth entrepreneurs, such as using profit for personal reasons rather than investing in the business. Also some are not being able to separate their livelihood from their businesses.
Lastly, youth entrepreneurs reported a lack of experience as one of the challenges. For example, the experience of running a business with projections, sticking to the projections, having an accounting system, maintaining a clean and clear billing system, and sound administration system.”
According to the researchers, the participants in the study emphasized that there is fragmentation within the entrepreneurial ecosystem, whereby there is replication of business activities without any differentiation. “There is no integration of the ecosystem players. As such, they end up with duplicate programs targeting the same objectives. The financial sector recommended that there is a need for an intermediary body that will bring all the ecosystem actors together and serve as a “one-stop shop” for entrepreneurs and build mentorship programs that accommodate the business lifecycle from inception to growth.”
Botswana Housing Corporation (BHC) is said to have recorded an operating surplus of P61 Million, an improvement compared to the previous year. The housing, office and other building needs giant met with stakeholders recently to share how the business has been.
The P61 million is a significant increase against the P6 million operating loss realized in the prior year. Profit before income tax also increased significantly from P2 million in the prior year to P72 million which resulted in an overall increase in surplus after tax from P1 million prior year to P64 million for the year under review.
Chief of Finance Officer, Diratsagae Kgamanyane disclosed; “This growth in surplus was driven mainly by rental revenue that increased by 15% from P209 million to P240 million and reduction in expenditure from P272 million to P214 million on the back of cost containment.” He further stated that sales of high margin investment properties also contributed significantly to the growth in surplus as well as impairment reversals on receivables amounting to P25 million.
It is said that the Corporation recorded a total revenue of P702 million, an 8% decrease when compared to the P760 million recorded in the prior year. “Sales revenue which is one of the major revenue streams returned impressive margins, contributing to the overall growth in the gross margin,” added Kgamanyane.
He further stated professional fees revenue line declined significantly by 64% to P5 million from P14 million in the prior year which attributed to suspension of planned projects by their clients due to Covid-19 pandemic. “Facilities Management revenue decreased by P 24 million from P69 million recorded in prior year to P45 million due to reduction in projects,” Kgamanyane said.
The Corporation’s strength is on its investment properties portfolio that stood at P1.4 billion at the end of the reporting period. “The Corporation continues its strategy to diversify revenue streams despite both facilities management income and professional fees being challenged by the prevailing economic conditions that have seen its major clients curtailing spending,” added the CEO.
On the one hand, the Corporation’s Strategic Performance which intended to build 12 300 houses by 2023 has so far managed to build 4 830 houses under their SHHA funding scheme, 1 240 houses for commercial or external use which includes use by government and 1 970 houses to rent to individuals.
BHC Acting CEO Pascaline Sefawe noted that; BHC’s planned projects are said to include building 336 flat units in Gaborone Block 7 at approximately P224 million, 100 units in Maun at approximately P78 million, 13 units in Phakalane at approximately P26 million, 212 units in Kazungula at approximately P160 million, 96 units at approximately P42 million in Francistown and 84 units at approximately P61 million in Letlhakane. Emphasing; “People tend to accuse us of only building houses in Gaborone, so here we are, including other areas in our planned projects.”
Researchers from some government owned regulatory institutions in the financial sector have projected that the banking sector’s profitability could increase, following Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee recent decision to increase monetary policy rate.
In its bid to manage inflation, Bank of Botswana Monetary Policy Committee last month increased monetary policy rate by 0.50 percent from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent, a development which resulted with commercial banking sector increasing interest rate in lending to household and companies. As a result of BoB adjustment of Monetary Policy Rate, from 1.65 percent to 2.15 percent commercial banks increased prime lending rate from 5.76 percent to 6.26 percent.
Researchers from Bank of Botswana, the Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority, the Financial Intelligence Agency and the Botswana Stock Exchange indicated that due to prospects of high inflation during the second half of 2022, there is a possibility that the Monetary Policy Committee could further increase monetary policy rate in the next meeting in August 25 2022.
Inflation rose from 9.6 percent in April 2022 to 11.9 percent in May 2022, remaining above the Bank of Botswana medium-term objective range of 3 – 6 percent. According to the researchers inflation could increase further and remain high due to factors that include: the potential increase in international commodity prices beyond current forecasts, logistical constraints due to lags in production, the economic and price effects of the ongoing Russia- Ukraine conflict, uncertain COVID-19 profile, domestic risk factors relating to possible regular annual administered price adjustments, short-term unintended consequences of import restrictions resulting with shortages in supplies leading to price increases, as well as second-round effects of the recent increases in administered prices “Furthermore, the likelihood of further increases in domestic fuel prices in response to persistent high international oil prices could add upward pressure to inflation,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that Bank of Botswana could be forced to further increase monetary policy rate from the current 2.15 percent if inflation rises persistently. “Should inflation rise persistently this could necessitate an upward adjustment in the policy rate. It is against this background that the interest rate scenario assumes a 1.5 percentage points (moderate scenario) and 2.25 percentage points (severe scenario) upward adjustment in the policy rate,” said the researchers.
The researchers indicated that while any upward adjustment on BoB monetary policy rate and commercial banks prime lending rate result with increase in the cost of borrowing for household and compnies, it increase profitability for the banking sector. “Increases in the policy rate are associated with an overall increase in bank profitability, with resultant increases in the capital adequacy ratio of 0.1 percentage points and 0.2 percentage points for the moderate and severe scenarios, respectively,” said the researchers who added that upward adjustment in monetary policy rate would raise extra capital for the banking sector.
“The increase in profit generally reflects the banking industry’s positive interest rate gap, where interest earning assets exceed interest earning liabilities maturing in the next twelve months. Therefore, an increase of 1.5 percentage points in the policy rate would result in industry gains of P71.7 million (4.1 percent increase), while a 2.25 percentage points increase would lead to a gain of P173.9 million (6.1 percent increase), dominated by large banks,” said the researchers.