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BIDPA recommends Poverty Ministry

For the government to eradicate extreme poverty and alleviate inter-generational poverty, an independent structure or agency, precisely a ministry focusing on these vices should be formed as a matter of urgency, Botswana Institution for Development and Policy Analysis (BIDPA) has recommended.

The recommendation for a ministry focusing on poverty follows an eight-month consultation period by various stakeholders. The process, which ended in February, included over 63 villages, beneficiaries, village leaderships, civil organisations and implementing partners who all had a converging view on this. “Most of them told us in separate meetings that for us to fight poverty fiercely, we should create an agency or ministry,” Poverty Eradication, National Coordinator, Montshioa Montshioa told WeekendPost.

The research think-tank BIDPA has also carried its own study and reached the same conclusion. “It is in this regard that a new Ministry of Social Development was recommended by a report by BIDPA titled, ‘A Social Development Policy for Botswana: Phase II; Framework and Strategy’. The National Poverty Eradication Policy adopts this and recommends the establishment of a new Ministry,” noted the final draft of the Poverty Eradication.

The new Ministry will be responsible for policy formulation and development of programmes that are remedial, preventive, curative and development oriented to enable beneficiaries to be productive. This will allow people to participate meaningfully in the economic development of the country, says the policy document this publication is in possession of. The ministry, according to BIDPA, will be focused on management of all social protection and social security initiatives, management of all programmes that address child and inter-generational poverty.

“It will also be responsible for management of empowerment programmes for the poor, development and monitoring of all policies and programmes geared towards improvement of the lives of the poor and other vulnerable groups. Not only those but coordination of all initiatives that address poverty and vulnerability in the country,” the report indicated.

It is conceded by various captains in the ecosystem, that although all the government programmes are generally still relevant, their implementation is in disjunction owing to lack of coordination. Based on this, the ideal recommendation by the policy is the establishment of a new Ministry of Social Development, to lead and coordinate the implementation of all poverty eradication initiatives in the country.

“It has emerged that there was no policy but programmes and this made it difficult for us to work to maximum. There were challenges in profiling, monitoring and evaluating the beneficiaries. Our programmes are also scattered under various ministries and council but it should be consolidated under one roof hence the decision to have this structure,” Montshioa explained in an interview this week.

On average the National Coordinator Montshioa, reveals that they spent an average of P185 million on annual basis. This means the government of Botswana has in the past eight years splashed a whooping P1.2 billion in 52 packages aimed at emancipating the locals from an ugly face of poverty. Professor Keitseope Nthomang of University of Botswana (UB), who is also head of Social Work Department is however of the view that there should be research based evidence before ministry could be formulated.

“There is no research evidence which will give us an idea on how to correct this. The knee-jerk and piece meal approach will not take us anywhere. We should firstly carry a research and see how we should tackle this poverty because it shows that the money is there but then the programmes are disastrous,” he said. He however agreed that it is expected that this kind of structure will link many uncoordinated government efforts geared towards addressing poverty eradication. This includes monitoring and evaluation to ensure that stakeholders execute strategy efficiently and effectively.

Perhaps this is what the Minister of Presidential Affairs Governance and Public Administration Nonofo Molefhi was alluding to this week when he said: “All these poverty eradication programmes have not yielded the results we envisaged, so we should look at how best we can intervene productively to ensure that we win.”

Since its inception Poverty Eradication Coordinating Unit (PECU) says poverty incidence has decreased from 19.3 percent to 16.3 percent, while that of people leaving under extreme poverty has reduced from 6.4 percent to 5.8 percent (116,000),” said Montshioa.

According to Montshioa more then 33 000 projects have been funded with more than 26 000 (79.3 percent) operational. Of those operation eight percent of the businesses are successful and beneficiaries are ready to graduate.

Seeing this, the government has also drawn an exit strategy to ensure sustainability of the projects and avoid regression back to the poverty and venture into business institutions. By far 2094 beneficiaries have graduated from the Programme. It is however noted that the programme is not without challenges as 1462 (4 percent) businesses failed due to various reasons.

GOVT SWITCHES TO MULTI-DIMMENSIONAL POVERTY APPROACH

 Currently, extreme poverty in Botswana according to a study by Statistics Botswana, sits at 5.8 percent which equals to 116,000 people. This has coerced the government to chant a new path of fighting this evil-multi-dimensional poverty approach. BIDPA’s Dr Phirinyane Molefe said at the launch of this approach, “the universal stick approach and poverty datum line have been overtaken by events hence the need for a new strategy.”

This approach is what Professor Nthomang is calling for. “You cannot deal with poverty without focusing on other issues affecting people. These other issues like unemployment and lack of amenities are what stuck most people in poverty,” he observed.
The multidimensional approach which is part of United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) agenda 2030 of ‘leaving no one behind’, will look at a number of perimeters that determine poverty levels. Health, Education, Standard of living, clean water, employment and sanitation among others.

 “But we have been trimmed only to income and consumptive level, but with this approach you will learn that one can be poor because there is no school or clinic in their area and all other factors cited. This also is fertile ground to the recurring cycle of an inter-generational poverty but now we will profile each individual as per their need.

That is when we will dove-tail all our efforts with other implementing partners to ensure that targeting was fine and then we can monitor and evaluate accordingly,” said Montshioa. OP in conjunction with UNDP was last week locked in a week long workshop training various stakeholders on tools to use and look into when measuring the poverty levels of Botswana. The training was facilitated by Oxford researchers.

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BAD WEEK FOR MANCHESTER CITY

6th February 2023

After falling to close the gap on Arsenal by losing to a record breaking goal by Kane at the Tottenham stadium.Manchester City now find themselves being charged by the Premier League with more than 100 breaches of its financial rules following a four-year investigation.

According to BBC , it has referred the club to an independent commission over alleged rule breaches between 2009 and 2018 , and also that Man-city has not been co-operating since the investigation which started in 2018 .

BBC further states that The commission can impose punishment including a fine , points deduction and expelling the club from the Premier league.

The alleged breaches include ,  breaching rules for requiring full details of manager remuneration,from 2009-2010, to 2012-2013 seasons when Roberto Mancini was in charge . Also player remuneration between 2010-2011 and 2015-2016.

The Premier league stated that City breached rules related to UEFA regulations , including Financial Fair Play , from 2013-2014 to 2017-2018 ,as well as Premier League rules on profitability and sustainability from 2014-2016 to 2017-2018

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South Korean Embassy aids students living with disabilities

6th February 2023

South Korean Ambassador in South Africa has donated e-learning equipment through Botswana Red Cross Society (BRCS) to Tlamelong Rehabilitation Centre in Tlokweng recently, in a bid to fine tune the student’s textile skills.  

When talking at the handing over ceremony, Chull-Joo Park, said they agreed with BRCS to give out e-learning equipment to better the training skills of students living with disabilities.

“With the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment and job training skills, we will be able to help the students living with disabilities to do e-learning and to better their education and job training,” said Chull-Joo Park.

It was revealed that the South Korean Embassy approached BRCS with the intent to donate equipment and educational material that includes an embroidery machine, photo copier machine, tablets and interactive boards to be utilized by the trainees.

The industrial printer is a machine that works with embroidery machine to print designs for clothing and it will enable the learners to have more material available to them to facilitate learning.

Through this embroidery machine, students will be exposed to better technologies which ultimately improve the quality of materials they produce. It will also allow students to learn business skills and run profitable ventures.

Smart board gadgets will provide the students with an elevated learning process to be fostered by e-learning. The gadgets provide a more visual element to the learning process, which in turn improves learner mental retention.

Tlamelong Rehabilitation serves the marginalized and underserved less privileged persons living with disability in Botswana. The center offers boarding services, vocational training, social services, physiotherapy and rehabilitation services for young people living disabilities aged 18-35 from across the country over a period of two (2) years per cohort which has a maximum intake capacity of 35. BRCS through International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) have managed to create great working synergy with the South Korean Embassy in Pretoria based in South Africa to support or augment the National Society’s Rehabilitation Centre’s learning challenges.

For his part, BRSC Secretary General Kutlwano Mokokomani said they are delighted to convey their gratitude as BRSC to the South Korean Embassy for donation and they look forward to an enduring partnership for such worthy causes.

“South Korean Embassy’s great gesture will enable trainees to thrive, to fulfil their dreams to become a reality as this equipments will go a long way in creating great impact in the lives of trainees and their families. We wish to convey our sincere gratitude to the South Korean Embassy for their noble gesture of donating the E-learning equipments.”

BRCS offers rehabilitation services spread across three (3) areas in Botswana being Sefhare Stimulation center in Sefhare, Tshimologo stimulation center in Francistown and Tlamelong rehabilitation center in Tlokweng.

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DIS alleges plot to kill Masisi hatched in South Africa

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A dispute is brewing between Botswana and South Africa intelligence agencies over alleged mercenary training camps discovered in South Africa by the Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS). 

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