Controversial Paramount Chief of Bakgatla-ba-Kgafela, Kgosi Kgafela Kgafela II has torn apart government’s best laid plans to appease him and his tribe, affirming that he will never set foot in Botswana again until the country’s constitution is changed.
There has been a belief that government’s recent efforts to appease the self-exiled Bakgatla chief will soothe him, which would have possibly led to a favourable relationship between government and Bakgatla — and possible electoral success for the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) in Kgatleng. Kgosi Kgafela was ‘de-recognised’ by Government in 2011, following an acrimonious relationship between the tribal leader and the then government administration of former president Lt Gen Ian Khama.
The de-recognition, which was executed by then Minister of Local Government, Lebonaamang Mokalake, was in the wake of Kgafela’s decision to ban cabinet ministers from addressing Kgotla meetings in Kgatleng. Prior to that, Kgafela and his 35 tribesmen were in May 2010, slapped with charges of illegal floggings in Mochudi. The Bakgatla Paramount Chief also faces charges of escaping from lawful custody as he fled from Village Magistrate court, following a ruling that he should be detained.
However, a fortnight ago, incumbent Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, Frans Van Der Westhuizen, reversed government’s earlier decision – effectively lifting the de-recognition of Kgosi Kgafela II. “I have been in consultation with President Mokgweetsi Masisi about the de-recognition of Kgosi Kgafela II. We have agreed to lift the de-recognition for the sake of peace, stability, reconciliation and cooperation with Bakgatla and the government,” Van Der Westhuizen said. The decision was first announced in a Kgotla meeting in Mochudi, followed by an official statement from the minister, affirming government’s new position. However, the controversial Bakgatla chief wants more than what has been offered.
“These feet of mine will never step in Botswana until the constitution has been changed. I swear, and I am saying this as a matter of principle; I will never set foot in Botswana until they change Seretse [Khama]’s constitution of 1966,” said Kgafela when addressing his tribe in Moruleng, South Africa, last Saturday. Kgafela expressed disdain for the untidy state of governance affairs in Botswana, criticising the government for falling to be accountable, as desired in any democracy.
“There is a lot of corruption in Botswana and nothing is being done about it. Government is not setting-up commissions to investigate corruption and other wrongdoings. You must learn from South Africa, because here they set-up commissions to resolve disputes, and it has worked for us. Let Botswana do the same,” Kgafela said. “We live together in the land of Bechunaland Protectorate-Botswana. There is no accountability in Botswana and the country has become a banana republic. When I left Botswana, I advised Batswana that there are two problems facing the country; the constitution and corrupt government. I have not changed my stand, I still say it. But when I said this, you wanted to put me in jail.”
The maverick chief went to take a swipe at his subjects, for taking pride in supporting and voting political parties instead of participating in worthy causes like advocating for change of the country’s constitution. “There are too many political parties [in Botswana], and you keep on voting for these parties. But you are failing to vote for change of constitution. There is a Referendum Act, which allows citizens to vote to change the constitution, but you have not done anything about it. There was a time when there was a strike for salary increment but there is no strike for change of constitution,” he said.
KGAFELA CASE ON THE BOTSWANA CONSTITUTION
According to Kgafela, Botswana’s constitution, which was adopted in 1966, was not born of the people of Botswana but it was a product of only Seretse Khama, Quett Masire and their friends. Kgafela therefore beliefs the constitution lacks legitimacy, hence he now places it as a priority condition for his return to the land of his father. “Botswana’s constitution is outdated. It is just like an old suit which is no longer attractive to wear. This suit, which belongs to Seretse is old and no longer fits properly—we want a new one.”
The constitution of Botswana was at the centre of debate during formative years, with most Dikgosi resenting it because it stripped them of their powers, and handed them to the government. Seretse Khama, who alongside his deputy—Masire and Leader of the Opposition, Phillip Matante led the team that negotiated the independence of Botswana—had given up his throne as chief of Bangwato as a condition for returning to Botswana from exile in Britain, an exile which arose as a result of opposition of his marriage to a white woman, Ruth Williams.
KGAFELA WANTS AN INDEPENDENT BAKGATLA KINGDOM
Kgafela did not have kind words for the Khama dynasty, whom he accused of having led Botswana to where it is now, even accusing the Khama family of troubling Bakgatla throughout the course of history to date. “Bakgatla, it is now time to settle here in South Africa. We fought for this land and we were given this land by the Queen of Britain. We cannot keep on fleeing,” said Kgafela.
“We fled to Bechuanaland, and we stayed there. During that time, we experienced oppression from Sechele [Bakwena chief], and also from Khama [Of Bangwato]. In 1966, Seretse Khama continued this persecution, and lately, we face the same fate from Ian Khama. But I am saying we cannot live under persecution anymore.”
If that is not enough, Kgafela announced plans to have Bakgatla declared an independent kingdom, and will initiate the process by first reclaiming the Bakgatla land that has been lost after transition from Bechunaland to present day Botswana. “We want the Bakgatla land the way it was in 1889, as per proclamation of Queen of Britain. Tribal Territories Act of 1925 also speaks to that. We are not fighting them [Government of Botswana]. We will negotiate with them because we believe in peace. If they are unable to give back our land, then they should be able to give us fair compensation,”
“If our land is worth P20 billion, they should give us P20 billion.” “We have been under the mercy of Seretse Khama’s policies. Seretse took Bakgatla’s land, and we want that land back. We are going to reclaim that land through legal means. We are going to initiate a summons against in Mafikeng and the first respondent is Government of Botswana.”
“The journey that I am embarking on, I do not want to force anyone to join me. Those who want can do so voluntarily, those who do not want should not bother taking part and they should also not bother us. This journey is the road to the independence of Bakgatla. We want to govern ourselves just like South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. Bakgatla, we cannot always live under distress, we should rejoice at the end. I am not forcing anyone, but, I personally have an obligation
Presidential Commission of Inquiry into the Review of the Constitution held a meeting in Serowe this week. The meeting was to accord Bangwato, just like other tribes, a platform to give their opinions, contributions and what they think is the horse power and limitations of the current Constitution of Botswana.
Bangwato Regent, Kgosi Serogola Seretse said, he is of the understanding that the Commission has not come for anything apart from getting their opinions on how things could be made better. His contribution was that he solely knows of only two social positions in the world; Dikgosi and Pastors. He said other positions are just benedictions. He further urged that, Batswana should respect God’s ordained protocols such as Dikgosi and Pastors.
Seretse pointed out the importance of acknowledging and appreciating Dikgosi as nation builders. He cautioned and warned that, the Commission should ensure that their dealing with Dikgosi is harmonious. He called for an amendment to be made on the ‘National Order of Precedence’ noting that Dikgosi are put at number 11, but should at least be taken a little higher to number 7.
One resident, Tshepo Moloi while giving his contribution said there must be provisions of Social Justice that ensure equal distribution of resources to all citizens. He said this provision should entail an obligation that all citizen have equal opportunities to different Government Initiatives. Moloi substantiated that, all ‘Presidential Commissions’ be engraved on the Constitution
Alfred Thogolwane who is as well a resident of the biggest village in the Central District, pointed out the need for preservation of the country and resources thereof, saying “it must dawn onto all that, the calabash that fetches water for the family cannot fixed once its broken.” Another resident, Keikantsemang Sebedi advocated for Polygamous marriage, saying that men should marry as many wives as they please. She said there is no need for any socioeconomic assessment done on men who wish to marry more than one wife.
She advised that, the country should benchmark from the Zezuru culture that does it, with no complexities. On the other hand, Sebedi said that, there must be considerations done on the Old Age Pension. She said people who earned P4000 should not receive the old Age Pension upon their fullness of age. Forshia Koloi called for amendments on Section 77 and all the provisions that speaks to the subject of Bogosi and the powers infested in them. He said they should be made more detailed and avoid ambiguity in clauses.
Mr Tlhaodi said there must be Land Audits done in the country. Citing an example of the Tati Land as one that should be thoroughly audited. He further advised that, Election Day be put on the Calendar. He said, if it happens that the day be a Saturday, there should be some special dispensation for the 7th Day Adventist Church members to take part in voting without compromising on their day of worship. Tlhaodi added that there must be People’s Complaint Commission in the country.
Speakers emphasized the need for the country to review the exercise of ‘Political Party Funding’. They articulated that lack of funding political parties’ results in political parties resorting to finding funds for themselves. They reiterated that sometimes going to the extent of getting funds through illegal means. Bangwato agreed in one accord that they want the President be tried whilst in office if suspected of any criminal offences. This was revealed in their contributions. They pointed out that, the law should not to wait until the end of their tenure.
For his part, the Deputy Chairperson of the Commission Johnson Motshwarakgole expressed gratitude to the residents of Serowe. He applauded women for their kindness saying it is only them, who always take responsibility for doing things amicably in the society.
Parliament has revealed that it plans to rollout a Community Score Card (CSC) exercise as part of sweeping reforms to its role and mandate among others.
The planed shakeup, along with the rollout of CSC will see creation of new Parliamentary Portfolio Committees on Health, HIV&AIDS, Education and Skills Development, Trade and Economic Development, Agriculture, Lands and Housing and Local Governance and Social Welfare. Parliament informed government ministries and departments that the CSC is a participatory, community based monitoring and evaluation tool that enables citizens to assess the quality of public services and interact with services providers to express their concerns.
According to Parliament, the CSC will assist to inform community members about available services and their entitlements and to solicit their opinions about the accessibility and quality of certain services related to the portfolio committees mentioned. It said the main objective is for Parliament through identified oversight committees is to conduct a participatory monitoring and evaluating process that puts ownership and responsibility for delivery of services in the hands of both the Government and the service recipients.
“Through scorecards developed around identified sectors and services, communities and implementing departments remain in touch with progress made through the programme delivery cycle and are able to respond timely to bottlenecks,” the National Assembly said. Some of the measurements and expected outcomes for the rolling out of the CSC include among others, improved monitoring and economic evaluation, to determine the impact of spending, so as to be able to direct resources from where they having the least benefit to those projects and programmes where they will have a larger positive impact.
The National Assembly explained further that this could result in a willingness to close down ineffective programmes and institutions and not to implement projects that do not deliver adequate returns, improved productivity in the public services, especially given the substantial pay increases.
The National Assembly believes that the rolling out of CSC is also expected to result in efficiency savings: many public services and programmes could be delivered more effectively at lower costs, by improving management and accountability, and making use of e-services. “This would yield financial savings that could be used for development programmes or reducing the deficit,” the National Assembly said.
The exercise is also expected to result in “Careful scrutiny of subsidy schemes and termination of those that do not address market failure or assist truly needy Batswana.” The National Assembly revealed that proposed Parliamentary Portfolio Committee on Health and Wellness has been established in accordance with the Standing of National Assembly of Botswana. It explained that the mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over Government Ministries, Departments and Agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Health and HIV/AIDS.
“There is need to identify reasons for inefficiency and poor outcomes and ensure that health system reform improve productivity and value for money. Key areas of focus for scorecard, availability of drugs, staffing ratios, accessibility of health services, speciality care and services and sexual reproductively health,” the National Assembly said.
Another proposed Committee is on Local Governance and Social Welfare. The mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary Oversight and Scrutiny over Government Ministries. Departments and Agencies with Portfolio responsibilities in respect of Local Governance and Social Welfare.
“Strategies under NDP 11 to improve outcomes of social uplifment include; diversiﬁcation of rural economies, development and support of small businesses, provision of social safety nets, eradication of absolute poverty, provision of quality and equitable education and harmonisation of social protection programmes,” said the National Assembly. It said social nets need to be improved so as to target these most in need (at present some social safety nets benefit many people who are not the most needy, but also miss out some of those who are needy).
“Some social development policies more broadly should also aim to reduce household vulnerability to shocks such as those arising from fluctuations in agriculture, climate change, incomes and employment and improve their ability to handle shocks, thereby building household resilience,” the National Assembly said.
Another Committee established is on Agriculture, Lands and Housing. The mandate of the Committee is mainly to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over Government Institutions, Departments and Agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Agriculture, Lands and Housing.
The National Assembly said the average growth rate of the agricultural sector since the beginning of National Development Plan 11 (NDP11) (i.e. during the 2017/2018 and 2018/19 financial years) was 2.5 percent, making it the slowest growing sector of the economy, in line with its historical performance.
“Over the same period, its share of GDP has been stagnant at around 2 percent. The sector also contributes job opportunities for about 80 000 adults. Food security has become paramount since the onset of the corona virus pandemic,” the National Assembly said. The National Assembly said the Government realises the need to increase food production for products in which Botswana has a cooperative advantage such as beef, grains and other horticulture products.
The Committee on Finance, Trade and Economic Development has also been established. One of the mandates of Committee would be to exercise Parliamentary oversight and scrutiny over government ministries, departments and agencies with portfolio responsibilities in respect of Finance, Development, Trade and Industry.
“The sector is at the core of industrialisation aspirations and strategies for economic development in Botswana. Manufacturing in particular can be the driver of economic growth through technological improvements and innovation,” the National Assembly said. Hence, it said, the development of the sector could also foster export diversification and export led-growth in Botswana while benefitting from the African Continental Free Trade Area (AFCFTA).
Two senior members of Directorate on Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC) have threatened legal action against Directorate of Intelligence and Security (DIS), it has transpired. The threat is contained in an answering affidavit of Director General of DCEC, Tymon Katlholo in which he is seeking an interdiction from High Court to stop the DIS from accessing investigation files at his office.
After the DIS detained DCEC officials Joao Salbany and Tsholofelo Bareetsi on December 16, 2021, they filed an official complaint against DIS and some officials. They complained about abuse of office by DIS and five officers. Salbany and Bareetsi also complained about unlawful detention by DIS and unlawful dissemination of classified information contrary to Section 44 of Corruption and Economic Crime Act. “The DIS interviews were premised on information divulged during the course of official DCEC work product, that is the Monday media brief meeting,” they wrote.
They further requested leave to institute a civil suit against the DIS and its officers, and invariably the State for inhuman and degrading treatment they suffered and unlawful detention. They also pondered a declaratory seeking a sanction against the DIS and Botswana Police Service (BPS) and clarification of the role of BPS officers seconded to DIS.
“The envisaged suit against BPS and DIS officers and the DIS will inevitably centre on investigations done by the DCEC and the scope of the protection availed to DCEC officers for conduct done in the course and scope of DCEC official duties.” The duo said it was self-evident from the conduct of the DIS officers that there was nothing urgent about the information required by the DIS, justifying their detention at its Sebele facility from 08:30 hours on December 16, 2021 until 02:00 hours on December 17, 2021.
They reasoned that the information required by the DIS could have been obtained by a simple request to DCEC Director General. “What the DIS did was to seek to intimidate officers of the DCEC whom they knew were carrying out investigations against some of the DIS officers who were part of their investigation team. This turn of events has a chilling effect not only on the functioning of the DCEC but also on the official conduct of officers of the DCEC as to how they conduct their official duties.”
They concluded by stating that in the event the request is granted, they would further request to be advised as to the provision of legal representation as the unalwful detention and the degrading and inhuman treatment by the DIS was in relation to matters conducted by and on behalf of the DCEC.