As Botswana heads to the polls in about a fortnight, clashes between perceived beneficiaries under the former administration of Lt Gen Dr Ian Khama and pallbearers of the current administration under President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi are largely at play – Tizza Seduke of Defence Concepts is one of the characters in this script and he is feeling the pinch of being collateral.
“When two elephants tussle it is the grass that suffers,” as the old adage goes, I could be likened to grass in this case. The current administration sees me as one of the blue eyed boys of the former administration whilst those from the former administration did not want anything to do with me,” cries Tizza Seduke, a self-made businessman who shot to fame when his flying school was linked with former President Khama and the then Directorate of Intelligence and Security Services (DIS) Director General Isaac Kgosi.
“Nothing has ever been far from the truth as this allegation. I own the International Aviation School (IAS) or flying school, neither Kgosi nor Khama has ever been a director or a shareholder of that school. The truth of the matter is that at some point they wanted to take the school away from me and I refused. I was not one of their favourites,” declared Seduke.
Seduke’s company, Defence Concepts, has done work for the Directorate of Intelligence and Security Services (DISS) during Kgosi’s time, but according to Seduke, he only got one job back in 2013, “we never got any other job with the DIS”. He said the job they got was the P49 million Mahalapye Prison fencing through an open tender process. We beat a company that had quoted P39 million for the job because we are the exclusive suppliers of the material that was required for the job. After quoting P39 million, that company was still going to come back to us for supply of the wire,” he explained.
Seduke’s company had caught the eye of Directorate of Corruption and Economic Crime (DCEC), after it was awarded a P49 million tender for the construction of the Mahalapye Prison fence. Although the project fell under the Ministry of Defence, Justice and Security, it was coordinated by DISS which falls under the Office of the President. Contrary to popular belief that the tender was allocated through a selective tendering process, where Defence Concepts was identified as the preferred supplier without going to open tender, Seduke stresses that they were competing with another company which had actually quoted lower.
“The other challenge for our competitor in this job is that they did not have a PPADB Grade E.” Seduke said like any company he had been ‘marketing’ his products and services, hence DIS recognized him as a professional company, “I had no say in their procurement process. I only responded to invitations and gave service to the best of my ability,” he stressed. He shared that he did fencing solutions for the DIS because he was the exclusive provider of the fence they required. According to Seduke, it was for DIS management to ensure that procurement procedures were followed.
Seduke also confirmed that the Botswana Unified Revenue Services (BURS) had approached his business operations for auditing. “As Batswana we stigmatize the mandate of BURS when they audit our companies. This does not mean that there is always something wrong. It’s to encourage compliance. They have audited me before and it was not the first time and it was nothing unusual,” he said. Seduke said he does not see this as a witch-hunt, the only thing that worries him is that people link his businesses with Khama and Kgosi “which is unfair”. “Those people had actually attempted to close me down,” he said.
THE KGOSI FALLOUT
In an interview recently, Seduke confirmed that he has been investigated by the DCEC as part of the agency’s investigation against Kgosi and the DIS among others. “Yes DCEC has investigated me. The allegations surrounded us being engaged by DIS, that was around 2012 and I submitted a statement to DCEC. Since then they have never approached me in relation to those issues.”
He explained that there was confusion as to how the tender shifted from Ministry of Defence Justice and Security to Office of the President, “Remember that in 2017 there was a breakout at Mahalapye prison after Prisons department failed to get the tender or the job done. Since this was seen as a security threat, DIS got involved to coordinate whole project and they ran an Expression of Interest to which we responded,” he said.
Seduke stated that during the interview the DCEC had wanted to know if he was paid in cash or transfers, “I told them the truth as I know it. There was nothing to hide hence my name was cleared.” He said a few of his payments were made in cash. “After this interaction with the DCEC I had a fallout with Kgosi, I could not tell why but I suspected it was borne from my revelations that I was paid in cash,” he said.
According to Seduke Kgosi has not spoken to him since the day he was interviewed by the DCEC and he has not been invited to tender for any job at the DIS. “It is unfortunate that I continue to be linked with DIS jobs when I was long blacklisted for telling the DCEC the truth that I knew.” When asked if he had any personal relationship with Kgosi, Seduke said he had a working relationship with Kgosi “due to the fact that he is someone who is hands on.”
SEDUKE AND THE KHAMA LINK
When asked about his relationship with former President Khama, Seduke was quick to point out that he had met him only on three occasions and at a distance. “I only met Khama last year for the first time in what I would say was a close proximity.” Seduke said people link him to Khama because his Flying School (IAS) is located within the same compound as the Flying Club. “The Flying Club owns the land and we are renting from them. We pay them P15 000 per month,” he said. Khama is the patron of the Flying Club.
Seduke however admitted that his school took advantage of the Flying club Patrons Dinner by staging their graduation ceremonies on the same dates as the dinner. He said he has not engaged Khama on any subject related to his businesses, “I was doing my businesses in a clean manner and I did not want to ingratiate myself to powers that be for my success, I had worked for it,” he said. He said he was aware of allegations that he was fronting for some influential individuals in the society. “There is nothing for me to hide. There has never been an influential individual who is a shareholder or has beneficial interest in my companies. Companies and Intellectual Property Authority (CIPA) is there to find out,” he said.
THE FLYING SCHOOL IS IN TROUBLE
As of now Seduke’s Flying School is in trouble and he may be forced to retrench workers soon. The Botswana Qualifications Authority (BQA) has declined to accredit the school and Government is not sending students for training at the school instead South African schools are preferred. “But is it interesting that the Aviation Body, Civil Aviation Authority of Botswana (CAAB) which accredited by ICAO, has assessed our school and equipment and found them worthy,” said Seduke.
He said he wants to ensure that he satisfies BQA standards hence he pushed for CAAB to assess his school. “Prior to 2016 the entire delta was flooded with white South African pilots and after we graduated a number of pilots the localization initiative gained traction at the delta,” said Seduke. Seduke is currently engaging BQA on accreditation of his school and “I hope this has nothing to do with the notion that Khama or Kgosi are part my school, they have never been and they will never be. I refused to sell my school to certain people linked to them,” he said.
Stanbic Bank Botswana Quarterly Economic Review indicates that Botswana will fail to meet some of its Vision 2036 targets, particularly unemployment reduction and reaching high-income status.
The report says this is mainly due to the slow economic growth that the country is currently experiencing. This Quarterly Economic Review focuses on the 2020 Budget Speech.
The first paper reviews the entire budget with its key observations being that this budget is prepared as prescribed by the Public Finance Management Act; the priorities it seeks to address are drawn from Vision 2036 and the eleventh
The 2020 budget Speech, which was the maiden speech by the Minister of Finance and Economic Development, Dr. Thapelo Matsheka, and the first after the 2019 general elections, was delivered to Parliament on the 4th of February 2020.
It has been well received by the labour unions, business community, and the public at large as well as international organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
It mainly derived its support from key facets including, emphasis on changing the business-as-usual approach to development; outlining the transformation agenda; fiscal reform that minimizes the negative impact on economic development and human welfare, competiveness and the decision to implement the 2019 negotiated and agreed public sector.
The budget’s progress review shows that economic growth was consistent with the NDP 11 projections, with growth of around 4 percent. At this growth rate, the country would neither ascend to a high-income status nor reduce unemployment towards the Vision 2036 target of a single digit.
Simple calculations of this review confirm that the economy will need to grow the Vision 2036’s target of 6 percent over the next 16 years for per capita income to increase from around USD 8,000.00 to above USD 12,000.00 in current prices.
Further, the population is anticipated to grow by only 2 percent per annum.
For this reason, the focal areas for the forthcoming FY’s budget include measures to increase economic growth towards an average of 6 percent per annum.
Economic diversification is reportedly progressing fairly well. The report says, the share of the non-mining private sector in value added has risen to 66 percent in 2018 from to 63 percent in 2015.
The sectoral pattern of growth showed that the performance of services sector (particularly transport & communications, trade, hotels & restaurants, and finance & business services) has been the silver lining and that of mining sector was subdued whilst the utility sector disappointed.
The drive towards the service sector of the economy, especially to low-productivity activities (tourism, public administration, wholesaling and retailing) does not bode well for the country’s development aspirations.
In the previous versions of this Quarterly Review, it was noted that there is need for the rethinking of economic diversification. Since the country’s domestic market is small, it is inevitable that economic diversification not only focus on broadening the product mix, but also the composition of exports and markets.
This understanding of economic diversification has not been embraced by this year’s budget. Consequently, Botswana’s exports are still overwhelmingly diamonds, which means that the rest of economic sectors are still highly dependent on foreign-exchange earnings from diamonds. Thus, “the transformation programme requires a review of the country’s entire ecosystem”.
The budget review of the economic context also depicts that an economy with positive medium-term prospects, with growth expected to recover to 4.4 percent in 2020 from the expected growth of 36 percent in 2019 largely due to faster growth of services sectors and, thereafter, to slow-down to 4 percent in 2021.
These projected growth rates are comparable to those of the IMF staff’s baseline scenario of 4.2 percent in 2020 and 4 percent in 2021. Thus, the business-as-usual scenario produces growth rates that are still too low to achieve Botswana’s development objectives and create enough jobs to absorb the new entrants into the labour market.
Trade tensions between the two major markets for diamond exports, viz., the United States of America and China, is one of the factors that are cited as contributing to, indeed, undermining not only the domestic growth, but also the fiscal position.
Another notable downside risk to both global and domestic growth is outbreak of the coronavirus in China around January 2020. This has been declared as a global health emergency. In an attempt to contain the spread of the novel coronavirus pneumonia, the Chinese authorities have ordered city lockdowns and extended holidays, of course, at the expense of near- term economic growth, according to the new Stanbic Bank Botswana report.
According to Nomura Holdings Inc., fewer migrant workers returned for work than in previous years and business activities have been slow to pick up. The havoc wreaked by the virus on the world’s second largest economy is likely to spill over to the global economy. In fact, it has resulted in a glut in crude oil and, thereby placed oil markets into a contango, i.e., a market structure where near-term prices trade at a discount to future contracts.
It also presents significant risks one of Botswana’s main drivers of economic growth, diversification and foreign exchange earnings. According to the Financial Times (February 13, 2020), Chinese tourists spent $130 billion overseas in 2018. Regardless of whether the growth materializes, the projected domestic growth rate would not transform the economy to a high-income one.
Progress towards reduction of unemployment, to a target of single digit, and poverty and achieving inclusive growth has also been relatively slow, the Stanbic Bank Botswana Review says.
Ministry of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration (MOPAGPA) has through the Office of the President (OP) proposed to avail Orapa House for use by private training institutions as well as research institutions involved in the area of technology development.
For a very long time the monumental building located in the heart of the city has been a white elephant, despite government purchasing it for nearly P80 million from De Beers in 2012.
However, government has now identified a productive use for the iconic building. “The overall vision is for the building to be transformed into a hub for digital technology research and development to be carried-out by institutions, such as; Limkokwing University, BIUST, BITRI and other relevant stakeholders.”
The decision was taken as government traverse a new path of transforming the economy from a mineral led economy to a knowledge based economy through the promotion of research and innovation. However, the facility will need major maintenance to be carried-out in order to meet the requirements of the proposed change in use.
“The work will include provision of laboratories, work stations, production areas and seminar rooms; audio visual centre, high speed internet connectivity, exhibition areas and offices,” reads the proposal note for the development.
These developments will be done through the refurbishment and maintenance of the main building, workshop, and ablution block, gate house, parking area, grounds, and access control and security service.
“There will be minimal modifications to the structure as it stands. The project is estimated to cost approximately P50, 000, 000,” says the report. In this regard, it is said, the initial scope of the OP facility will be modified to accommodate the envisaged digital technology research and development hub.
With funds needed to improve the building, OP has requested that; “the 2020/21 annual budget provision for Orapa House will need to be increased by P37,500,000 from P2,500,000 to P40,000,000 to kick start the maintenance works.” Funds will be sourced from the projects that have been delayed due to Covid-19 protocols during the 2020/21 financial year.
The building has been a thorny issue for government for years. Initially, OP was expected to move there but the move never materialised. At one point it was a question of whether the Office of the President and the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development were planning to override a decision by Parliament which rejected the proposal to buy Orapa House under the belief that government may be buying its own property. The building was to be bought at a negotiated cost of P79 million.
Again in 2012, Government had wanted to buy Orapa House for a negotiated P79m but the Finance and Estimates Committee of Parliament had rejected the request because of the inconsistencies realised in the supporting documents of the proposed procurement. The valuation of the building was put at P74 million.
The Ministry of Lands and Housing had initially offered De Beers P73, 000,000 as the purchase price. However, De Beers countered with P85, 000,000. On negotiation and converging of the minds, the selling price was finally agreed at P79, 000,000.
Auditor General, Pulane Letebele, has expressed discontentment at the worrying and deteriorating state of brigades in the country.
In an audit inspection which was carried out at Tshwaragano Brigade in Gabane, a number of observations showed weaknesses and shortcomings in the conduct of the financial affairs of the institution.
According to Letebele’s report, former students of the brigade had been engaged to carry out maintenance works on the school premises, comprising of painting, tiling, plumbing and electrical works, which covered the period from July 2017 to June 2018.
Although the agreed maintenance period had elapsed, the works had not been completed because of unavailability of funds and this situation had persisted up till the time of inspection in November 2019.
Auditor General says arrangements should have been made in time for funds to be available to complete these relatively minor works even before the works commenced.
Various contractors had been engaged for clearing the bush and for the supply of concrete stones, pit and river sand and hiring equipment for digging the trench towards the construction of an auto mechanics workshop, the report said.
It stated that the cost of services and supplies provided totalled P117 949.80. However, despite the services and the supplies having been paid for, the construction works had not commenced for a long period afterwards, resulting in the trench filling back in.
The audit inquiries had not elicited satisfactory responses as both the institution and the Ministry had not accepted the responsibility for the project, although orders for the provision for the supplies had been made. For their part, the Ministry had stated that they had sub warranted funds for the purchase of porta cabins.
Letebele indicated that it is therefore confusing that a project which is critical to the functioning of an institution such as this one would commence without a well-defined plan.
Furthermore, the accounting and maintenance of records for the supplies items were not of the standard prescribed by the Supplies Regulations and Procedures in that the supplies ledger cards, the main accounting records for Government assets, were not properly maintained for the recording of receipts and issues.
This had resulted in significant discrepancies between physical and ledger balances, while in other instances the supplies items had not been recorded at all.
The report says 24 of the 91 new computers found in the computer laboratory at Kumakwane ABC campus were not recorded anywhere, as were the other computers in the storeroom which could not be counted due to the disorderly storage conditions.
The institution had entered into a contract agreement with a security company for the provision of security services at Tshwaragano Brigade, ABC and Horticulture campuses at Kumakwane for a 2-year period which ended in June 2018, WeekendPost learnt.
After the contract expired in June 2018, an extension was granted till the 30th September 2018. Since then, there has been no security service coverage for the institution to-date. According to Auditor General, in the face of prevailing crimes, it is of paramount importance that government properties be protected by provision of security services at all times.
At Tlokweng Brigade, it was noted that the kitchen staff were working under difficult conditions as the kitchen facilities and equipment, such as the cold room, tilting pot, food warmers and solar power for hot water were dysfunctional. The kitchen roof was leaking and men’s restrooms was not working. All these need to be brought to a reasonable and functional state of repair.
The kitchen staff should use a purpose-designed Rations Ledger for the recording of receipts and issues of foodstuffs to reflect the usage of those items. As far back as 2014 the Department of Buildings and Engineering Services had found that the house occupied by the bursar was uninhabitable on account of structural defects, the report said.
A site visit during the audit had established that the house was indeed unfit for occupation as there were cracks on the walls, power switches were not working and the roof was leaking. On a sadder note, there were a number of finished items of clothing, such as dresses, shirts, and jackets from students’ practical exercises from the Fashion Design Textiles Workshop.
Auditor General shared her take on this, saying: “I have not been able to ascertain the policy on the disposal of products from these practicals. A trace of 103 green acid-proof overalls which had been purchased in August 2018 had indicated that there was no record of these items having been recorded or issued, nor were they available in stock. I was not able to obtain any explanation for this situation.”
Kgatleng brigade was also audited and inspected by Auditor General who observed that the brigade has 26 institutional houses at Bokaa, both old campus and new campus. Some of these houses are very old and dilapidated, with two declared uninhabitable. The condition of the houses is a clear indication of lack of care and maintenance of these properties.
At the time of the audit, there was no contractor engaged for the provision of security guard services at the new campus, after expiry of the previous one in July 2019. It is hoped that steps would be taken to safeguard the security of the premises and government properties against any acts of hooliganism.
In August 2019, there was a break-in at the electrical and at the plumbing maintenance workshops and a number of high value items, such as drilling machines, bolt cutters, spanners and cables, were stolen. The break-in and theft were reported to the police.
“However, at the time of writing this report I was not aware of the outcome of the police investigation, nor of any loss report submitted in terms of the Supplies Regulations and Procedures,” Letebele said.