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BOFEPUSU’s hit list in doubt

Botswana Federation of Public Sector Unions’ (BOFEPUSU), grand plan to compile a hit list and a political party to endorse for this year’s highly contested elections is faced with boardroom clashes; this comes in the backdrop of divisions within the committee over candidates and a party to support.

The federation leadership had agreed in July, that they will consult the membership and ultimately meet to decide on the two issues. The idea was to mobilise the union affiliates to not vote for certain politicians who were to be identified and labelled ‘anti-workers’. Secondly, the federation which boasts of over 100,000 members, was to look at various party manifestos and see which one is friendly to the workers and ultimately recommending it to their voting bloc.


However, WeekendPost can safely reveal that the union will not release the hit-list for politicians as per the plan for one simple reason; “clock has already ticked and it will be difficult to convince workers at this time, as already they have made up their minds,” explains one leader. This argument as brought by some within the union, has compelled BOFEPUSU top brass to reverse and or suspend the idea to avoid backlash mostly from within.

“The leadership is divided on who to back so it has been decided that the best way would be just to let their members make their own decisions,” disclosed another high ranking member of the union. He continued to say; “The hit-list will also not be compiled because some wanted it to be dominated by opposition candidates which was not accepted by others in the committee. In short the plan is dead, we won’t be making hit-list or backing any party.”

In the past elections BOFEPUSU made it clear that their dreaded axe was specially designed for the ruling party and wanted most of its candidates to lose the elections. The consequences of the hit list were devastating for the ruling party as eight out of 13 targeted members lost elections starting with the primaries. Dumelang Saleshando was the only opposition member who was targeted, and as fate would have it he also lost to Dr Phenyo Butale.

The relationship between BOFEPUSU and opposition, Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) to be precise, dates back eight years ago, when the party was formed at the height of a 10 week-long public servants strike in, April 2011. BOFEPUSU then agreed to work with the party as a revolutionary force against the BDP regime, with the aim to help UDC win power.  In turn, the UDC promised to respect worker’s rights at all times.

Meanwhile, it has been evident that the plan to have a hit list and a party to support was going to fail. Other union leaders have been snubbing the meeting in which decisions were to be taken on the two subjects. “The process for the meeting is on, we are waiting for other colleagues to confirm the suggested date,” Union President Johannes Tshukudu said in August.

Not only is the hit-list a matter within a topic within BOFEPUSU boardroom, but it is also facing a dilemma of which political party to endorse on the 23rd. The Godfather of Botswana’s trade unions, Johnson Motshwarakgole has set a tone, endorsing the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) and its leader Mokgweetsi Masisi. This, informants say has also caused confusion as Masisi’s leadership has given labour movements a glimpse of hope that things might change for the better under his administration. This is after government made a salary increment for public servants and engaged union leaders on a number of matters including the implementation of PEMANDU report.

In an interview this week BOFEPUSU President Tshukudu, said they are still much on the issue. “This issue is very interesting and sensitive. There is no how way we can fail to deliberate on these issues as we meet our constitutional structures this weekend.” He also added that time was still on their side: “We have three weeks towards election time. Workers would go to the pools very fresh about the advice. You are aware that change of mind on decision making can be done even a couple of minutes before getting into the poll both. So I still maintain that it is not late. The difference is that in the past it was done early due to circumstance prevailing then.”

The government’s failure to resuscitate the Public Service Bargaining Council (PSBC), as well as a court case in which the Director of Public Service Management (DPSM), was seeking to de-recognise trade unions, are among the factors that show that there is need for government to do more in order to win the hearts of the workers. Failure to implement the PEMANDU report recommendations is another area that has not helped the relations between BDP and the workers.

PEMANDU has recommended 20 percent increment for public servants on grade A and B; 10 percent for grade C and D; and 15 percent for grade E and F. It further states that in the absence of increments to civil servants on higher notches, of grades E and F, “we recommend the following: 15 percent for grades A and B; 10 percent for grades C and D.”

At their congress last year BOFEPUSU members mandated the leadership to review its relationship with the UDC and produce a report. Trade unionists met at a retreat in Mmathubudikwane late last year but could not complete the report. The report was expected to be completed sometime in March, but it is not yet out.

BOFEPUSU is an umbrella union for five civil service unions, including; Botswana Land Boards, Local Authorities and Health Workers union (BLLHWU), Botswana Sector of Educators Trade Union (BOSETU), Botswana Teacher’s Union (BTU), National Amalgamated Local, Central Government and Parastatal Workers Union (NALCGPWU).

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Seretse, Kgosi may walk free

30th October 2020
BAKANG SERETSE

The P250 million National Petroleum Fund (NPF) saga that has been before court since 2017 seems to be losing its momentum with a high possibility of it being thrown out as defence lawyers unmask incompetency on the part of the Directorate of Public Prosecution (DPP).

The Gaborone High Court this week ruled that the decision by the State to prosecute Justice Zein Kebonang and his twin brother, Sadique Kebonang has been reviewed and set aside. The two brothers have now been cleared of the charges that where laid against them three years ago.

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Understanding the US Electoral College and key election issues 

28th October 2020
Mark J Rozell

The United States (US) will on the 3rd of November 2020 chose between incumbent Donald Trump of the Republicans and former Vice President Joe Biden of the Democrats amid the coronavirus pandemics, which has affected how voting is conducted in the world’s biggest economy.

Trump (74) seeks re-election after trouncing Hillary Clinton in 2016, while Biden (77) is going for his first shot as Democratic nominee after previous unsuccessful spells.

US Presidents mostly succeed in their re-election bid, but there have been nine individuals who failed to garner a second term mandate, the latest being George W H. Bush, a Republican who served as the 41st US President between 1989 and 1993.

Dr Mark Rozell, a Dean of  the School of Policy and Government at George Mason University  in  Arlington, Virginia describes the complex US electoral system that will deliver the winner at the 3rd November elections.

“The founders of our Republic de-centralised  authority  significantly  in  creating  our  constitutional  system,  which  means that  they  gave  an  enormous  amount  of  independent  power  and  authority  to  State  and  local governments,” Dr Rozell told international media on Elections 2020 Virtual Reporting Tour.

Unlike  parliamentary  democracies, like Botswana the  United  States  does  not  have  all  of  the  national government elected in one year. They do not have what is commonly called mandate elections where  the  entire  federal  government  is  elected  all  in  one  election  cycle  giving  a  “mandate”  to  a particular political party to lead, and instead US have what are called staggered elections, elections over time.

The two house Congress, members of the House of Representatives have two-year long terms of office. Every two years the entire House of Representatives is up for re-election, but senators  serve  for  six  years  and  one  third  of  the  Senate is elected every  two  years.

For this election cycle, US citizens will be electing the President and Vice

President, the entire House of Representatives and one third of the open or contested seats in the Senate, whereas two thirds are still fulfilling the remainder of their terms beyond this year.

An  important  facet  of  US electoral  system  to  understand  given  the  federalism  nature  of  the republic, the US elect presidents State by State, therefore they do not have a national popular vote for the presidency.

“We have a national popular vote total that says that Hillary Clinton got three million more votes than Donald Trump or in Year 2000 that Al Gore got a half million more votes than George W. Bush, but we have what is called a State by State winner takes all system where each State  is  assigned  a  number  of  electors  to  our  Electoral  College  and  the  candidate  who  wins  the popular vote within each State takes 100 percent of the electors to the Electoral College,” explained Dr Rozell.

“And that is why mathematically, it is possible for someone to win the popular vote but lose the presidency.”

Dr Rozell indicated that in 2016, Hillary Clinton won very large popular majorities in some big population States like California, but the system allows a candidate to only have to  win  a  State  by  one  vote  to  win  a  100 percent of  its  electors,  the  margin  does  not  matter.

“Donald  Trump  won  many  more  States  by  smaller  margins,  hence  he  got  an  Electoral  College majority.”

Another interesting features by the way of US constitutional system, according to Dr Rozell, but extremely rare, is what is called the faithless elector.

“That’s the elector to the Electoral College who says, ‘I’m not going to vote the popular vote in my State, I think my State made a bad decision and I’m going  to  break  with  the  popular  vote,’’ Dr Rozell said.

“That’s constitutionally a very complicated matter in our federalism system because although the federal constitution says electors may exercise discretion, most States have passed State laws making it illegal for any elector to the Electoral College to break faith with the popular vote of that State, it is a criminal act that can be penalized if one is to do that. And we just had an important Supreme Court case that upheld the right of the states to impose and to enforce this restriction”

There are 538 electors at the Electoral College, 270 is the magic number, the candidate who gets 270 or more becomes President of the United States.

If however there are more candidates, and  this  happens  extremely  rarely,  and  a  third  candidate  got  some electors  to  the  Electoral  College  denying  the  two  major  party  candidates,  either  one  getting  a majority, nobody gets 270 or more, then the election goes to the House of Representatives and the House of Representatives votes among the top three vote getters as to who should be the next President.

“You’d have to go back to the early 19th century to have such a scenario, and that’s not going to happen this year unless there is a statistical oddity, which would be a perfect statistical tie of 269 to 269 which could happen but you can just imagine how incredibly unlikely that is,” stated Dr Rozell.

BLUE STATES vs RED STATES

Since the 2000 United States presidential election, red states and blue states have referred to states of the United States whose voters predominantly choose either the Republican Party (red) or Democratic Party (blue) presidential candidates.

Many  states  have  populations  that  are  so  heavily  concentrated  in  the  Democratic party or the Republican party that there is really no competition in those states.

California is a heavily Democratic State, so is New York and Maryland. It is given that Joe Biden will win those states. Meanwhile Texas, Florida and Alabama are republicans. So, the candidates will spent no time campaigning in those states because it is already a given.

However there are swing  states, where  there is a competition between about five and 10 states total in each election cycle that make a difference, and that is where the candidates end up spending almost all of their time.

“So  it  ends  up  making  a  national  contest  for  the  presidency  actually  look  like  several  state-wide contests with candidates spending a lot of time talking about State and local issues in those parts of the country,” said Dr Rozell.

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Masisi to make things right with Dangote

26th October 2020

High Commissioner of the Federal Government of Nigeria to Botswana, His Excellency Umar Zainab Salisu, has challenged President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi to move swiftly and lobby Africa’s richest man, Nigerian Billionaire, Aliko Dangote to invest in Botswana.

Speaking during a meeting with President Masisi at Office of President on Thursday Zainab Salisu said Dangote has expressed massive interest in setting up billion dollar industries in Botswana.  “We have a lot of investors who wish to come and invest in Botswana , when we look at Botswana we don’t see Botswana itself , but we are lured by its geographic location , being in the centre of Southern Africa presents a good opportunity for strategic penetration into other markets of the region,” said Salisu.

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