Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) has distanced its office from the procurement of the Communications and Intelligence Machine that was to be used in the upcoming general elections and further confirmed that the equipment will not be used in the polls.
This comes after the leader for the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC), Duma Boko interdicted through the courts, equipment that was to be purchased by Directorate of Intelligence Services (DIS). The machine that was to be procured from a Switzerland based company was solely the DIS brainchild with the election custodian IEC pushed away. The machine could be used to intercept elections data processes and can be programmed to advance the interest of a given client. This raised eyebrows of most key players, including political parties and IEC.
This week, IEC through its spokesperson Osupile Maroba, confirmed that this year’s elections will follow the traditional manual way of voting and counting. “We have never been in the process of procuring any machine as the IEC and I can tell you that for this elections, will be doing the same way we have been doing in the past elections. We know nothing about the machine you are referring to as the commission” he revealed in an interview with this publication.
Before Boko interdicted the purchase of the machine there was a growing concern by his party that it could be used by the ruling party for undue illegal surveillance purposes. This, it was argued that the BDP which enters the 23rd October elections, unsure of the election outcomes, could organize electoral fraud by mixing up the Identity cards related equipment with possibilities of opposition voters not allowed to vote as their ID numbers might not tally with what is in the voters roll. The machines were to be useful in opposition stronghold constituencies, those in the know have told this publication.
For IEC, they were not bothered by the purported acquisition of the machine. “Since the Electronic Voting Machine (EVM), was repelled by parliament there is no machine that will be used for the elections. It has to go through process and we had to be taking part in that, so there is nothing of that sort,” Maroba stated.
Any usage of machine on this year’s polls was always going to meet with resistance from stakeholders as evidenced by the intensive rejection of the EVM. What could have made it more difficult for Surveillance and Intelligence Equipment to see the light of the day is the timing and process it was intended to be used. “IEC is also aware of the significance of this year’s elections so they would not want to upset people like that. Machine has not been bought and it will not,” one observer revealed to this publication.
ADVANCED POLL REGISTER 25,044 VOTERS
Meanwhile 1,044 ballot papers have crossed the border as the IEC will today carry elections for Batswana outside the country. “The process has been going very well and the last box of paper flew on Wednesday to its destination”, Maroba shared. Batswana voters will only be allowed to cast their vote in countries where this nation has diplomatic missions. After this election, police officers and IEC staff will also cast their vote on the 19th. “Police and IEC staff who will be working on the day will vote early. The total number we have registered is around 24, 000.”
OBSERVER MISSIONS FLOCK BOTSWANA AHEAD OF ELECTIONS
With only 10 days left before the Election Day, various election observer missions have shown interest in observing this year’s polls. Already, Maroba says, seven international organisations have illustrated interest to observe the local elections which are normally described as free and fair. “We have seven organisations that have shown intent to see our elections including African Union, European Union and other bodies that normally observe our elections.”
The number of observer mission organisations are nothing strange as it is the same number IEC usually accredit despite the intensity of this year’s elections. However, the number could rise because interested parties apply through the Ministry of International Affairs with IEC only focused on accreditations.
“A number of bodies apply through the ministry and we do accreditations. For now I can’t state the numbers we are expecting because we don’t deal with applications. As for the SADC observer mission, which normally arrive before others, I guess they are looking at their budget to see for how long they would come but for now we have not accredited them but they have sensitized us about their intentions to be here on election date,” said Maroba.
In the past elections international observers have noted with concern, low turnout by the local observer groups but this has been corrected. Botswana Council of Non-Governmental Organisations (BOCONGO), will be leading the local observer mission for the first time, with Botswana Council of Churches also on the mix.
For so many years, Botswana has been trying to be a self-sufficient country that is able to provide its citizens with locally produced food products. Through appropriate collaborations with parastatals such as CEDA, ISPAAD and LEA, government introduced initiatives such as the Horticulture Impact Accelerator Subsidy-IAS and other funding facilities to facilitate horticultural farmers to increase production levels.
Now that COVID-19 took over and disrupted the food value chain across all economies, Botswana government introduced these initiatives to reduce the import bill by enhancing local market and relieve horticultural farmers from loses or impacts associated with the pandemic.
In more concerted efforts to curb these food crises in the country, government extended the ploughing period for the Southern part of Botswana. The extension was due to the late start of rains in the Southern part of the country.
Last week the Ministry of Agriculture extended the ploughing period for the Northern part of the country, mainly because of rains recently experienced in the country. With these decisions taken urgently, government optimizes food security and reliance on local food production.
When pigs fly, Botswana will be able to produce food to feed its people. This is evident by the numbers released by Statistics Botswana on imports recorded in November 2020, on their International Merchandise Trade Statistics for the month under review.
The numbers say Botswana continues to import most of its food from neighbouring South Africa. Not only that, Batswana relies on South Africa to have something to smoke, to drink and even use as machinery.
According to data from Statistics Botswana, the country’s total imports amounted to P6.881 Million. Diamonds contributed to the total imports at 33%, which is equivalent to P2.3 Million. This was followed by food, beverages and tobacco, machinery and electrical equipment which stood at P912 Million and P790 Million respectively.
Most of these commodities were imported from The Southern African Customs Union (SACU). The Union supplied Botswana with imports valued at over P4.8 Million of Botswana’s imports for the month under review (November 2020). The top most imported commodity group from SACU region was food, beverages and tobacco, with a contribution of P864 Million, which is likely to be around 18.1% of the total imports from the region.
Diamonds and fuel, according to these statistics, contributed 16.0%, or P766 Million and 13.5% or P645 Million respectively. Botswana also showed a strong and desperate reliance on neighbouring South Africa for important commodities. Even though the borders between the two countries in order to curb the spread of the COVID-19 virus, government took a decision to open border gates for essential services which included the transportation of commodities such as food.
Imports from South Africa recorded in November 2020 stood at P4.615 Million, which accounted for 67.1% of total imports during the month under review. Still from that country, Botswana bought food, beverages and tobacco worth P844 Million (18.3%), diamonds, machinery and fuel worth P758 Million, P601 Million and P562 Million respectively.
Botswana also imported chemicals and rubber products that made a contribution of 11.7% (P542.2 Million) to total imports from South Africa during the month under review, (November 2020).
The European Union also came to Botswana’s rescue in the previous year. Botswana received imports worth P698.3 Million from the EU, accounting for 10.1% of the total imports during the same month. The major group commodity imported from the EU was diamonds, accounting for 86.9% (P606.6 Million), of imports from the Union. Belgium was the major source of imports from the EU, at 8.9% (P609.1 Million) of total imports during the period under review.
Meanwhile, Minister of Finance and Economic Development Thapelo Matsheka says an improvement in exports and commodity prices will drive growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Growth in the region is anticipated to recover modestly to 3.2% in 2021. Matsheka said this when delivering the Annual Budget Speech virtually in Gaborone on the 1st of February 2021.
He said implementation of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement (AfCFTA), which became operational in January 2021, could reduce the region’s vulnerability to global disruptions, as well as deepen trade and economic integration.
“This could also help boost competition and productivity. Successful implementation of AfCFTA will, of necessity, require Member States to eliminate both tariffs and non-tariff barriers, and generally make it easier to do business and invest across borders.”
Matsheka, who is also a Member of Parliament for Lobatse, an ailing town which houses the struggling biggest meat processing company in the country- Botswana Meat Commission, (BMC), said the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) recognizes the need to prioritize the key processes required for the implementation of the AfCFTA.
“The revised SACU Tariff Offer, which comprises 5,988 product lines with agreed Rules of Origin, representing 77% of the SACU Tariff Book, was submitted to the African Union Commission (AUC) in November 2020. The government is in the process of evaluating the tariff offers of other AfCFTA members prior to ratification, following which Botswana’s participation in AfCFTA will come to effect.”
Women continue to shadow men in politics – stereotypes such as ‘behind every successful man there is a woman’ cast the notion that women cannot lead. The 2019 general election recorded one of Botswana’s worst performances when it comes to women participation in parliamentary democracy with only three women elected to parliament.
Botswana’s former Minister of Health, Professor Sheila Tlou who is currently the Co-Chair, Global HIV Prevention Coalition & Nursing Now and an HIV, Gender & Human Rights Activist is not amused by the status quo. Tlou attributes this dilemma facing women to a number of factors, which she is convinced influence the voting patterns of Batswana when it comes to women politicians.
Professor Tlou plugs the party level voting systems as the first hindrance that blocks women from ascending to power. According to the former Minister of Health, there is inadequate amount of professionalism due to corrupt internal party structures affecting the voters roll and ultimately leading to voter apathy for those who end up struck off the voters rolls under dubious circumstances.
Tlou also stated that women’s campaigns are often clean; whilst men put to play the ‘politics is dirty metaphor using financial muscle to buy voters into voting for them without taking into consideration their abilities and credibility. The biggest hurdle according to Tlou is the fallacy that ‘Women cannot lead’, which is also perpetuated by other women who discourage people from voting for women.
There are numerous factors put on the table when scrutinizing a woman, she can be either too old, or too young, or her marital status can be used against her. An unmarried woman is labelled as a failure and questioned on how she intends on being a leader when she failed to have a home. The list is endless including slut shaming women who have either been through a divorce or on to their second marriages, Tlou observed.
The only way that voters can be emancipated from this mentality according to Tlou is through a robust voter education campaign tailor made to run continuously and not be left to the eve of elections as it is usually done. She further stated that the current crop of women in parliament must show case their abilities and magnify them – this will help make it clear that they too are worthy of votes.
And to women intending to run for office, Tlou encouraged them not to wait for the eleventh hour to show their interest and rather start in community mobilisation projects as early as possible so that the constituents can get to know them and their abilities prior to the election date.
Youthful Botswana National Front (BNF) leader and feminist, Resego Kgosidintsi blames women’s mentality towards one another which emanates from the fact that women have been socialised from a tender age that they cannot be leaders hence they find it difficult to vote for each other.
Kgosidintsi further states that, “Women do not have enough economic resources to stage effective campaigns. They are deemed as the natural care givers and would rather divert their funds towards raising children and building homes over buying campaign materials.”
Meanwhile, Vice President of the Alliance for Progressives (AP), Wynter Mmolotsi agrees that women’s participation in politics in Botswana remains a challenge. To address this Mmolotsi suggested that there should be constituencies reserved for women candidates only so that the outcome regardless of the party should deliver a woman Member of Parliament.
Mmolotsi further suggested that Botswana should ditch the First Past the Post system of election and opt for the proportional representation where contesting parties will dutifully list able women as their representatives in parliament.
On why women do not get elected, Mmolotsi explained that he had heard first hand from voters that they are reluctant to vote for women since they have limited access to them once they have won; unlike their male counterparts who have proven to be available night or day.
The pre-historic awarding of gender roles relegating women to be pregnant and barefoot at home and the man to be out there fending for the family has disadvantaged women in political and other professional careers.