Batswana may have to adjust their cost of living few days before the 23 October polls after the cost of food increased by 2.50 percent in September, according to latest data from Statistics Botswana food prices rose slightly during the month under review.
The headline inflation for September 2019 increased to 3 percent from 2.9 percent in August 2019. This slight rise is due to the rise in the rate of annual change in prices for some categories of goods and services, led by ‘Food and Non-alcoholic Beverages’ which increased from 2 to 2.5 percent. Food which contributed to the spike on food inflation are: Bread & Cereals (0.6 percent), Fish (Fresh, Chilled & Frozen) (0.5 percent) and Meat (Fresh, Chilled & Frozen) (0.4 percent). Altogether, the Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages group index rose by 0.2 percent, from 102.1 to 102.4 during the period under review.
According to national data food Inflation in Botswana averaged 6.65 percent from 2002 until 2019. During the 2008 global recession food inflation reached an all-time high of 25.17 percent in October of 2008 and that was the time when the national inflation was at 12.6 percent. Last year August inflation hit an all-time low of -1.30 in August. A trend seen towards next week polls is an increase in food prices since March 2019. In February Inflation was low at -0.2 before raising the bar slighter in March 2019. Observers believe food prices increase for the April inflation were reacting to President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s announcement that public servants salaries will be increased before the Budget Speech. After this year’s Budget Speech food inflation has been going up ala uniformly it went from 1.3 in June to 1.6 in July. From July it went to 2 percent in August before hitting 2.5 in September.
Inflation is also forecasted to continue increasing even after the elections, going up from 3.0 to 3.2 percent in November before going up another 2 percent in December 2019. On the other hand, according to Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the FAO Food Price Index (FFPI) averaged nearly 170 points in September 2019, unchanged from August but 3.3 percent higher than in the corresponding period last year. The organization says while in September sugar prices fell sharply, the decline was almost entirely offset by higher prices of vegetable oils and meat. The Dairy index was down only marginally, whereas that of cereals remained steady, according to FAO data.
According to Statistics Botswana, the inflation rates for regions between August 2019 and September 2019 indicated that Rural Villages increased to 2.3 percent from 2.2 percent, Cities & Towns and Urban Villages remained constant at 3.2 and 3.1 percent respectively, over the two periods. The national Consumer Price Index was 101.8 in September 2019, registering an increase of 0.1 percent from 101.7 recorded in August 2019 Index. The Cities & Towns advanced from 101.8 in August to 101.9 in September recording a rise of 0.1 percent. The Urban Villages’ Index realised an increase of 0.1 percent, moving from 101.9 in August to 102.0 in September 2019. The Rural Villages index recorded an increase of 0.1 percent advancing from 101.3 to 101.4 during the period under review.
As for Group indices, there was generally a steady movement between August 2019 and September 2019, recording changes of less than 1.0 percent. For the Furnishing, Household Equipment & Routine Maintenance group Index moved by an increase of 0.4 percent which is from 101.8 in August 2019 to 102.1 in September and this was due to the general increase in the constituent section indices. According to Statistics Botswana, the Restaurants & Hotels group Index progressed from 101.8 to 102.1 over the two period, registering a growth of 0.3 percent. This was mainly attributed to an increase in the constituent section index of Restaurants, Cafes & the Like (0.3 percent).
An international report complied in South Africa dubbed ‘Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana’ says that the transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana live a miserable life. The community experiences higher levels of discrimination, violence and ill health.
In this report, it has been indicated that this is because their gender identity, which does not conform to narrowly define societal norms, renders them more vulnerable. Gender identity is a social determinant of health, which means that it is a factor that influences people’s health via their social context, their communities and their experiences of social exclusion. The Ministry of Health and Wellness has recognized this, and transgender people are considered a vulnerable population under the Botswana Second National Strategic Framework for HIV and AIDS 2010-2017.
In a recent study that shed light on the lived experiences of transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana, transgender persons often experience discrimination because of their gender identity and expression. The study was conducted by the University of Cape Town, LEGABIBO, BONELA, as well as Rainbow Identity Association and approved by the Health Ministry as well as the University of Botswana.
Of the 77 transgender and gender non-conforming people who participated in the study, less than half were employed. Two thirds, which is approximately 67% said that they did not have sufficient funds to cover their everyday needs. Two in five had hidden health concerns from their healthcare provider because they were afraid to disclose their gender identity.
More than half said that because of their gender identity, they had been treated disrespectfully at a healthcare facility (55%), almost half (46%) said they had been insulted at a healthcare facility, and one quarter (25%) had been denied healthcare because of their gender identity.
At the same time, the ‘Are we doing right’ study suggests that transgender and non-conforming people might be at higher risks of experiencing violence and mental ill-health, compared to the general population. More than half had experienced verbal embarrassment because of their gender identity, 48% had experienced physical violence and more than one third (38%) had experienced sexual violence.
The study showed that mental health concerns were high among transgender and gender non-conforming people in Botswana. Half of the transgender and gender non-conforming study participants (53%) showed signs of depression. Between one in four and one in six showed signs of moderate or severe anxiety (22% among transgender women, 24% among transgender men and 17% among gender non-conforming people).
Further, the study revealed that many had attempted suicide: one in three transgender women (32%), more than one in three transgender men (35%) and three in five gender non-conforming people (61%).
International research, as well as research from Botswana, suggests that not being able to change one’s gender marker has a negative impact on access to healthcare and mental health and wellbeing. The study further showed that one in four transgender people in Botswana (25%) had been denied access to healthcare. This is, at least in part, linked to not being able to change one’s gender marker in the identity documents, and thus not having an identity document that matches one’s gender identity and gender expression.
In its Assessment of Legal and Regulatory Framework for HIV, AIDS and Tuberculosis, the Health Ministry noted that “transgender persons in Botswana are unable to access identity documents that reflect their gender identity, which is a barrier to health services, including in the context of HIV. In one documented case, a transwoman’s identity card did not reflect her gender identity- her identity card photo indicated she was ‘male’. When she presented her identity card at a health facility, a health worker called the police who took her into custody.”
The necessity of a correct national identity document goes beyond healthcare. The High Court of Botswana explains that “the national identity document plays a pivotal role in every Motswana’s daily life, as it links him or her with any service they require from various institutions. Most activities in the country require every Motswana to produce their identity document, for identification purposes of receiving services.”
According to the Legal Gender Recognition in Botswana report, this effectively means that transgender, whose gender identity and expression is likely to be different from the sex assigned to them at birth and from what is recorded on their identity document, cannot access services without risk of denial or discrimination, or accusations of fraud.
In this context, gays and lesbians advocacy group LEGABIBO has called on government through the Department of Civil and National Registration to urgently implement the High Court rulings on gender marker changes. As stated by the High Court in the ND vs Attorney General of Botswana judgement, identity cards (Omang) play an important role in the life of every Motswana. Refusal and or delay to issue a Motswana with an Omang is denying them to live a complete and full-filing life with dignity and violates their privacy and freedom of expression.
The judgement clarified that persons can change their gender marker as per the National Registrations Act, so changing the gender marker is legally possible. There is no need for a court order. It further said the person’s gender is self-identified, there is no need to consult medical doctors.
LEGABIBO also called on government to develop regulations that specify administrative procedure to change one’s gender marker, and observing self-determination process. Further, the group looks out for government to ensure members of the transgender community are engaged in the development of regulations.
“We call on this Department of Civil and National Registration to ensure that the gender marker change under the National Registration Act is aligned to the Births and Deaths Registry Act to avoid court order.
Meanwhile, a gay man in Lobatse, Moabi Mokenke was recently viciously killed after being sexually violated in the streets of Peleng, shockingly by his neighbourhood folks. The youthful lad, likely to be 29-years old, met his fate on his way home, from the wearisome Di a Bowa taverns situated in the much populated township of Peleng Central.
CEO of Khato Civils Mongezi Mnyani has come out of the silence and is going all way guns blazing against the company’s adversaries who he said are hell-bent on tarnishing his company’s image and “hard-earned good name”
Speaking to WeekendPost from South Africa, Mnyani said it is now time for him to speak out or act against his detractors. Khato Civils has done several projects across Africa. Khato Civils, a construction company and its affiliate engineering company, South Zambezi have executed a number of world class projects in South Africa, Malawi and now recently here in Botswana.
About ten (10) Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) parliamentary candidates who lost the 2019 general election and petitioned results this week met with UDC Vice President, Dumelang Saleshando to discuss the way forward concerning the quandary that is the legal fees put before them by Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) lawyers.
For a while now, UDC petitioners who are facing the wrath of quizzical sheriffs have demanded audience with UDC National Executive Committee (NEC) but in vain. However after the long wait for a tete-a-tete with the UDC, the petitioners met with Saleshando accompanied by other NEC members including Dr. Kesitegile Gobotswang, Reverend Mpho Dibeela and Dennis Alexander.