Parastatal organization mandated to manage a single project for the supply and distribution of water in the country Water Utilities says it still continues to face challenges in underground water due to natural factors such as high salinity, low rates of replenishment due to low rainfall and the deep-seated nature of their aquifers.
Other challenges facing underground water resources, according to the group’s 2018 Annual Report, are old boreholes infrastructure and high leakages, vandalism and theft of equipment, illegal abstraction and uncoordinated developments in the well fields leading to groundwater pollution and over-abstraction and ever-increasing water demands. The report indicates that groundwater accounts for about 60 per cent of water supply.
Further, the report indicated that some operational areas continued facing water shortages, saying that normal water supply to the areas require significant funding. The Corporation demonstrated that well fields in Kanye, Maitengwe, Dukwi, Letlhakane, Molepolole and Ghanzi were experiencing declining water levels and low recharge rate and some well fields failed as a result.
The Corporation’s parent Ministry, the Ministry of Land Management, Water and Sanitation Services, responded to some of these problems through extension of North South Carrier to connect villages such as Kanye, Thamaga and Molepolole. The impact is yet to be felt as construction is still on-going. Other challenges such as declining borehole water levels and high leakages due to dilapidated infrastructure continue to pose a challenge. Management centres such as Letlhakane, Molepolole, Tsabong and Ghanzi are wholly dependent on groundwater supplies.
However, there have been no major groundwater resources development projects implemented in these areas in a very long time despite the design life of boreholes. The report accentuated that Molepolole Management Centre is the only centre to have seen a major groundwater development project in the recent past; the development of Malwelwe and Sorilatholo well fields.
It underscored that most of the boreholes in the Malwelwe well field were drilled in 1991 and were only rehabilitated during the 2008 Botlhapatlou groundwater development project. Furthermore, it was said that the Nata cluster continues to experience water supply problems because of increased demand and leakages owing to aged infrastructure as well as destruction of water supply networks by elephants.
To address the problems in the cluster, the Ministry identified four monitoring boreholes within Dukwi well field for conversion to production boreholes to augment the supply as a short-term solution; however the envisaged plan by the Corporation has a potential risk of subsequently aggravating deterioration in water supply.
Statistics show that, of the 846 analysed boreholes, 654 were drilled before the year 2000 indicating that well over 75% of boreholes have long gone past their design life. The report stressed that the borehole conditions are aggravated by high salinity in areas such as Tsabong, Letlhakane and Masunga Management Centres whilst in other areas such as Molepolole, Pallaroad, Masama and Serowe, incrustation from formation of iron bacterial colonies has contributed significantly to the accelerated dilapidation of boreholes infrastructure.
The observations are not recent as they were previously identified through a Borehole Rehabilitation Project. A detailed analysis of the Corporation’s water supply boreholes is required as current analysis are limited by the absence of groundwater monitoring data and information, the report said. Nevertheless, the Corporation’s in-house programme to rehabilitate its water supply boreholes continues. A 2017 World Bank study concluded that the Corporation’s transition in role and responsibility set against unaltered management and operation structure and personnel complement compromises the Corporation’s ability to fulfil all the responsibilities and activities placed upon it.
Despite all the challenges, efforts are being made to improve the Corporations groundwater monitoring activities. The World Bank funded Emergency Water Security and Efficiency Project is intended to interlay address chronic drought in Botswana that continues to affect boreholes by saline intrusion, drying up and collapsing. To this end the proposed investment are aimed at reducing stress on groundwater sources by developing alternative and more sustainable sources.
According to the report, the Cleaning and Fishing Rig has been able to rehabilitate over 42 boreholes countrywide in five management centres, Kanye, Molepolole, Mahalapye, Masunga and Tsabong. This represented an average of 3.5 boreholes against the target of 4 boreholes per month. The Corporation indicated that it drilled two boreholes, one at Bray and another at Ramotlabaki during the period under review. These two villages had no source of supply after their boreholes suffered collapse and therefore necessitated the drilling of replacement boreholes.
The success completion of the boreholes and their subsequent connection to the network has alleviated the acute water shortage the villages have been facing. The North South Carrier scheme operated satisfactorily during the period under review. Pump Stations showed good availability over the year except for Pump Station No:2 which had only one out of the three pumps available during the first quarter. There was a spike in the downtime of the scheme arising from maintenance works required to connect new components to the scheme. The overall availability of the scheme stood at 87.5%, the report indicated.
With increased incidents of vandalism, the report underlined that the Corporation equipped the new pump stations and reservoirs with surveillance cameras that are controlled remotely from Mmamashia Command Centre. Water losses were mainly registered in areas with high incidences of infrastructure failure owing to dilapidated networks, unmetered standpipes, inefficient meters and physical losses.
While there is no hard-and-fast rule in politics, former Molepolole North Member of Parliament, Mohamed Khan says populism acts in the body politic have forced him to quit active partisan politics. He brands this ancient ascription of politics as fake and says it lowers the moral compass of the society.
Khan who finally tasted political victory in the 2014 elections after numerous failed attempts, has decided to leave the ‘dirty game’, and on his way out he characteristically lashed at the current political leaders; including his own party president, Advocate Duma Boko. “I arrived at this decision because I have noticed that there are no genuine politics and politicians. The current leaders, Boko and President Dr Mokgweetsi Masisi are fake politicians who are just practicing populist politics to feed their egos,” he said.
Former Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) parliamentary hopeful, Lawrence Ookeditse has rejected the idea of taking up a crucial role in the Botswana Patriotic Front (BPF) Central Committee following his arrival in the party this week. According to sources close to development, BPF power brokers are coaxing Ookeditse to take up the secretary general position, left vacant by death of Roseline Panzirah-Matshome in November 2020.
Ookeditse’s arrival at BPF is projected to cause conflicts, as some believe they are being overlooked, in favour of a new arrival. The former ruling party strategist has however ruled out the possibility of serving in the party central committee as secretary general, and committed that he will turn down the overture if availed to him by party leadership.
Ookeditse, nevertheless, has indicated that if offered another opportunity to serve in a different capacity, he will gladly accept. “I still need to learn the party, how it functions and all its structures; I must be guided, but given any responsibility I will serve the party as long as it is not the SG position.”
“I joined the BPF with a clear conscious, to further advance my voice and the interests of the constituents of Nata/Gweta which I believe the BDP is no longer capable to execute.” Ookeditse speaks of abject poverty in his constituency and prevalent unemployment among the youth, issues he hopes his new home will prioritise.
He dismissed further allegations that he resigned from the BDP because he was not rewarded for his efforts towards the 2019 general elections. After losing in the BDP primaries in 2018, Ookeditse said, he was offered a job in government but declined to take the post due to his political ambitions. Ookeditse stated that he rejected the offer because, working for government clashed with his political journey.
He insists there are many activists who are more deserving than him; he could have chosen to take up the opportunity that was before him but his conscious for the entire populace’s wellbeing held him back. Ookeditse said there many people in the party who also contributed towards party success, asserting that he only left the BDP because he was concerned about the greater good of the majority not individualism purposes.
According to observers, Ookeditse has been enticed by the prospects of contesting Nata/Gweta constituency in the 2024 general election, following the party’s impressive performance in the last general elections. Nata/Gweta which is a traditional BDP stronghold saw its numbers shrinking to a margin of 1568. BDP represented by Polson Majaga garnered 4754, while BPF which had fielded Joe Linga received 3186 with UDC coming a distant with 1442 votes.
There are reports that Linga will pave way for Ookeditse to contest the constituency in 2024 and the latter is upbeat about the prospects of being elected to parliament. Despite Ookeditse dismissing reports that he is eying the secretary general position, insiders argue that the position will be availed to him nevertheless.
Alternative favourite for the position is Vuyo Notha who is the party Deputy Secretary General. Notha has since assumed duties of the secretariat office on the interim basis. BPF politburo is expected to meet on 25th of January 2020, where the vacancy will be filled.
Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) big wigs have decided to cancel a retreat with the party legislators this weekend owing to increasing numbers of Covid-19 cases. The meeting was billed for this weekend at a place that was to be confirmed, however a communique from the party this past Tuesday reversed the highly anticipated meeting.
“We received a communication this week that the meeting will not go as planned because of rapid spread of Covid-19,” one member of the party Central Committee confirmed to this publication. The gathering was to follow the first of its kind held late last year at party Treasurer Satar Dada’s place.