The evidence brought before court in the bourgeoning petitions relating to cases in which the Umbrella for Democratic Change (UDC) is alleging that at least 13 constituencies were rigged, does not bode well for the ruling Botswana Democratic Party (BDP).
Weekend Post is privy to the damaging details contained in an affidavit by one Emmanuel Seretse Mohalodi, who perceives himself as a bona fide life member of the BDP. In his written affidavit Mohalo explains that he is entitled to depose to the affidavit by virtue of being a member of one of the BDP teams that were set up to carry out a vote rigging operation in the just ended 23rd October 2019 General Elections.
He describes that there were several teams set-up and headed by different members of the BDP. One such team is said to have been headed by Moemedi Dennis Baikalafi, who is a member of the BDP Communications Support Sub Committee. “I and Sekati Selaledi and other BDP trusted activists were involved in the operation. All the teams were given targets [per ward in each constituency.
The target was 600 voters per ward for Ghanzi North and South, Kgalagadi North & South, Takatokwane-Dutlwe constituency, Jwaneng –Mabutswane, Kanye North & South, and all other rural based constituencies,” said Mohalodi. The said operation Mohalodi says was supervised by the BDP Secretary General Mpho Balopi and BDP Chairperson, Vice President Slumber Tsogwane. President Mokgweetsi Masisi is said to have coordinated the entire operation as Chief Campaigner of the BDP.
THE DIS SLUSH FUND
In his written affidavit Mohalodi continues to state the Director of Intelligence and Security Services (DIS), was involved with logistics and provision of slush fund. DIS is alleged to have contributed P15, 000 000.00 (fifteen Million Pula) to carry out the vote rigging exercise. The security organ is alleged to have coordinated the said operation from each region. The team was provided with transport, accommodation and allowances were provided by the DIS whenever they were in their regions.
‘In Central District Region, it was coordinated by Trouser, who is the DIS Regional overseer of Central District Region,” Mohalodi continues. He further alleges that the Private Secretary to the President, Maphakwane, worked closely with the DIS Director to ensure that the operation ran smoothly.
HOW THE DOUBLE REGISTRATION TOOK PLACE
Thousands of people are said to have been ferried to register in all five Gaborone constituencies, across 20 villages in Botswana. Five Hundred people were trafficked into each ward at Gaborone South Constituency, 3000 other voters were trafficked into Gaborone South and majority of these 3000 voters are said to have voted in Lobatse Constituency as well. The affidavit further alleges that other voters came from Mochudi to vote in Gaborone South at Babusi ward and were registered using expired identity cards.
The affected constituencies in the operation people were ferried from Kang to Jwaneng-Mabutshane Constituency, Ngami Constituency to Ghanzi North Constituency, Kanye Constituencies to Gaborone, Molepolole Constituencies to Kgatleng Constituencies, Kopong-Lentsweletau were trafficked to Tlokweng, Selibe-Phikwe East & West to Shashe West and Tati West, Shoshong voters to Lephephe-Letlhakeng, Maun to Boteti West Constituency and Francistolwn South to Tswapong South, Tonota Constituency to Tswapong South, Nkange Constituency to Chobe constituency and Moshupa-Manyana and Kopong-Lentsweletau were trafficked to Gaborone Bonnington North. It is alleged that all the foregoing modus operandi was repeated in all constituencies were voters would vote at their home villages or towns then move to the second constituency to vote for the second-time.
HOW IEC ASSISTED BDP
In executing their mandate, Mohalodi alleges that a mole was needed at the Independent Electoral Commission (IEC). The IEC moles or inside job operators are alleged to have been at two levels, they had paid moles during registration exercise and at Headquarters after registration. The BDP had verbal agreements with IEC officials who were hired to partake in the registration of voters from 3rd September 2018 to 11th November 2018, 17th December 2018 to mid-March 2019 and 15th April 2019 to 28th April 2019.
The verbal agreements are alleged to have been that a BDP agent would bring a list of 25, or 30, or 50 or 100 people together with their National Identity cards to the registration point. The owners of these identity cards would not appear at the registration point. “Other names were submitted at the homes of these IEC officials to enter into the registration books after hours.”
The alleged Russian system was installed and operated by Omang Office, it was such that if a voter had registered twice in the same district, that voter would be rejected. But if a voter registered in different districts the system would register him or her as a valid voter for the second time. In the same instances same voters were issued with different omang cards.
Buses, seven seater cars, mini-buses, Epsom 7 seaters were provided to Team leaders. Team leaders were also assisted by Members of Parliament in concerned areas with cars to execute their mandate diligently. Team leaders are said to have booked queues at around 3am for voters on the 23rd October 2019.
SNUBBING OF ANTI-MASISI CAMP
The BDP Members of Parliament who lost elections are alleged to have been viewed as ‘Anti-Masisi’, voters were not trafficked into their constituencies because of the aforementioned reason. The affected were Dorcus Makgato, Master Goya, Phillip Makgalemele, Thapelo Olopeng, Francisco Kgoboko, Lesedi Phuthego and Bernard Bolele.
Here is how one Permanent Secretary encapsulates the clear tension between democracy and bureaucracy in Botswana: “President Mokgweetsi Masisi’s Government is behaving like a state surrounded with armed forces in order to capture it or force its surrender. The situation has turned so volatile, for tomorrow is not guaranteed for us top civil servants.
These are the painful results of a personalized civil service in our view as permanent secretaries”. Although his deduction of the situation may be summed as sour grapes because he is one of the ‘victims’ of the reshuffle, he is convinced this is a perfect description of the rationale behind frequent changes and transfers characterising the current civil service.
The result of it all, he said, is that “there is too much instability at managerial and strategic levels of the civil service leading to a noticeable directionless civil service.” He continued: “Changes and transfers are inevitable in the civil service, but to a permissible scale and frequency. Think of soccer team coach who changes and transfers his entire squad every month; you know the consequences?”
The Tsunami has hit hard at critical departments and Ministries leaving a strong wave of uncertainty, many demoralised and some jobless. In traditional approaches to public administration, democracy gives the goals; and bureaucracy delivers the technical efficiency required for implementation. But the recent moves in the civil service are indicative of conflicting imperatives – the notion of separation between politicians and administrators is becoming blurred by the day.
“Look at what happened to Prisons and BDF where second in command were overlooked for outsiders, and these are the people who had sacrificially served for donkey’s years hoping for a seat at the ladder’s end. The frequency of the changes, at times affecting the same Ministry or individual also demonstrates some level of ineptitude, clumsiness and lack of foresight from those in charge,” remarked the PS who added that their view is that the transfers are not related to anything but “settling scores, creating corruption opportunities and pushing out perceived dissident and former president, Ian Khama’s alleged loyalists and most of these transfers are said to be products of intelligence detection.”
Partly blaming Khama for the mess and his unwillingness to let go, the PS dismissed Masisi for falling to the trap and failing to outgrow the destructive tiff. “Khama is here to stay and the sooner Masisi comes to terms with the fact that he (Masisi) is the state President, the better. For a President to still be making these changes and transfers signals signs of a confused man who has not yet started rolling his roadmap, if at all it was ever there. I am saying this because any roadmap comes with key players and policies,” he concluded.
The Ministry of Health and Wellness seems to be the most hard-hit by the transfers, having experienced three Permanent Secretaries changes within a year and a half. Insiders say the changes have everything to do with the Ministry being the centre of COVID-19 tenders and economic opportunities. “The buck stops with the PS and no right-thinking PS can just allow glaring corruption under his watch as an accounting officer. Technocrats are generally law abiding, the pressure comes with politically appointed leaders racing against political terms to loot,” revealed a director in the Ministry preferring anonymity.
The latest transfer of Kabelo Ebineng she says was also motivated by his firm attitude against the President’s blue-eyed Task Team boys. “The Task Team wants to own the COVID-19 pandemic and government interventions and always cry foul when the Ministry reasserts itself as mandated by law,” said the director who added that Masisi who was always caught between the crossfire decided on sacrificing Ebineng to the joy of his team as they (Task Team) were in the habit of threatening to resign citing Ebineng as the problem.
Ebineng joins the Office of the President as a deputy Coordinator (government implementation and coordination office).The incoming PS is the soft-spoken Grace Muzila, known and described by her close associates as a conformist albeit knowledgeable.
One of the losers in the grand scheme is Thato Raphaka who many had seen as the next PSP because of his experience and calm demeanour following a declaration of interest in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) Secretary post by the current PSP, Elias Magosi.
But hardly ten months into his post, Raphaka has been transferred out to the National Strategy Office in what many see as a demotion of some sort. Other notable changes coming into OP are Pearl Ramokoka formerly with the Employment, Labour and Productivity Ministry coming in as a Permanent Secretary and Kgomotso Abi as director of Public Service Reforms.
One of the ousted senior officers in the Office of the President warned that there are no signs that the changes and transfers will stop anytime soon: “If you are observant you would have long noticed that the changes don’t only affect senior officers but government decisions as well. A decision is made today and the government backtracks on it within a week. Not only that, the President says this today, and his deputy denies it the following day in Parliament,” he warned.
Some observers have blamed the turmoil in the civil service partly to lack of accountable presidential advisers or kitchen cabinet properly schooled on matters of statecraft. They point out that politicians or those peripheral to them should refrain from hampering the technical and organizational activities of public managers – or else the party (reshuffling) won’t stop.
In the view expressed by some Permanent Secretaries, Elias Magosi, has not really been himself since joining the civil service; and has cut a picture of indifference in most critical engagements; the most notable been a permanent secretaries platform which he chairs. As things stand there is need to reconcile the imperatives of democracy and democracy in Botswana. Peace will rein only when public value should stand astride the fault that runs between politicians and public managers.
Former Permanent Secretary to the President, Carter Morupisi, is fighting for survival in a matter in which the State has charged him and his wife, Pinnie Morupisi, with corruption and money laundering.
Morupisi has joined a list of prominent figures that served in the previous administration and who have been accused of corruption during their tenure in office. While others have been emerging victorious, Morupisi is yet to find that luck. The High Court recently dismissed his no case to answer application.
United States President, Joe Biden, is faced with a decision to make relating to the Covid-19 vaccine intellectual property after 175 former world leaders and Nobel laurates joined the campaign urging the US to take “urgent action” to suspend intellectual property rights for Covid-19 vaccines to help boost global inoculation rates.
According to the world leaders, doing so would allow developing countries to make their own copies of the vaccines that have been developed by pharmaceutical companies without fear of being sued for intellectual property infringements.
“A WTO waiver is a vital and necessary step to bringing an end to this pandemic. It must be combined with ensuring vaccine know-how and technology is shared openly,” the signatories, comprising more than 100 Nobel prize-winners and over 70 former world leaders, wrote in a letter to US President Joe Biden, according to Financial Times.
A measure to allow countries to temporarily override patent rights for Covid related medical products was proposed at the World Trade Organization by India and South Africa in October, and has since been backed by nearly 60 countries.
Former leaders who signed the letter included Gordon Brown, former UK Prime Minister; François Hollande, former French President; Mikhail Gorbachev, former President of the USSR; and Yves Leterme, former Belgian Prime Minister.
In their official communication, South Africa and India said: “As new diagnostics, therapeutics and vaccines for Covid-19 are developed, there are significant concerns [about] how these will be made available promptly, in sufficient quantities and at affordable prices to meet global demand.”
While developed countries have been able to secure enough vaccine to inoculate their citizens, developing countries such as Botswana are struggling to source enough to swiftly vaccine their citizens, something which world leaders believe it would work against global recovery therefore proving counter-productive.
Since the availability of vaccines, Botswana has been able to secure only 60 000 doses of vaccines, 30 000 as donation as from the Indian government, while the other 30 000 was sourced through COVAX facility. Canada, has pre-ordered vaccines in surplus and it will be able to vaccinate each of its citizens six times over. In the UK and US, it is four vaccines per person; and two each in the EU and Australia.
For vaccines produced in Europe, developing countries are forced to pay double what European countries are paying, making it more expensive for already financially struggling economies. European countries however justify the price of vaccines and that they deserve to buy them cheap since they contributed in their development.
It is evident that vaccines cannot be made available immediately to all countries worldwide with wealthy economies being the only success story in that regard, something that has been referred to as a “catastrophic moral failure”, head of the World Health Organisation (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
The challenge facing developing countries is not only the price, but also the capacity of vaccine manufactures to be able to do so to meet global demand within a short time. The proposal for a patent waiver by India and South Africa has been rejected by developed countries, known for hosting the world leading pharmaceutical companies such US, European Union, the United Kingdom, and Switzerland.
According to the Financial Times, US business groups including pharmaceutical industry representatives, have urged Biden to resist supporting a waiver to IP rules at the WTO, arguing that the proposal led by India and South Africa was too “vague” and “broad”.
The individuals who signed the letter, including Nobel laureates in economics as well as from across the arts and sciences, warned that inequitable vaccine access would impact the global economy and prevent it from recovering.
“The world saw unprecedented development of safe and effective vaccines, in major part thanks to US public investment,” the group wrote. “We all welcome that vaccination rollout in the US and many wealthier countries is bringing hope to their citizens.”
“Yet for the majority of the world that same hope is yet to be seen. New waves of suffering are now rising across the globe. Our global economy cannot rebuild if it remains vulnerable to this virus.” The group warned that fully enforcing IP was “self-defeating for the US” as it hindered global vaccination efforts. “Given artificial global supply shortages, the US economy already risks losing $1.3tn in gross domestic product this year.”