The improvement of electricity generation in Botswana in the third quarter of 2019 contradicts what is in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) report for the same quarter which says there was a significant decrease in electricity production owing to lackluster performance by the struggling Morupule B Power Station.
Statistics Botswana’s report on Gross Domestic Product for the quarter under review (Q3) released on December says the Morupule B Power Station was not operating at full capacity. The Index of the Physical Volume of Mining Production by Statistics Botswana also lays the blame on the same Morupule B for sabotaging coal production, saying the decline in coal production is mainly as a result of low uptake by Morupule B Power station. The plant is however said to have resumed remedial works on the boilers.
However the Q3 reports which nearly down all the plugs, causing gloom on Morupule B Power efforts to pick up this country electricity production, have been shot down by the recent Electricity Generation and Distribution Q3 2019 report which rather acknowledges the plant’s major contribution on domestic electricity production.
When looking at the Index of Electricity Generation (IEG), the quarter-on-quarter comparison being Q2 versus Q3 shows an increase of 16.0 percent, from 96.0 during the second quarter of 2019 to 111.3 during the current quarter. According to Statistics Botswana, the IEG stood at 111.3 during the third quarter of 2019, reflecting a year-on-year decrease of 39.6 percent compared to 184.3 recorded during the corresponding quarter in 2018.
According to the national statistics, the quarter-on-quarter perspective shows that local electricity generation increased by 16.0 percent from 403, 576 MWH during the second quarter of 2019 to 467, 974 MWH during the period under review. The 16.0 percent increase is said to emanate from improved performance of power generators at the Morupule B power station during the current quarter.
When comparing the corresponding quarters, the Q3 of 2018 and 2019, the physical volume of electricity generated decreased by 39.6 percent, from 774,822 MWH during the third quarter of 2018 to 467,974 MWH during the current quarter. Morupule B also became the MVP of the quarter under review as it helped Botswana to import less electricity from South Africa’s less sufficient Eskom. In Q3 of 2019 Eskom was the main source of imported electricity at 58.5 percent of total electricity imports.
After a new power deal signed last year, Electricidade de Mozambique supplied 20.7 percent while 14.9 percent, 4.5 percent and 1.4 percent were sourced from the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), Cross-border markets and Namibia’s Nampower respectively. When looking at the quarter-on-quarter comparison, there is a decrease of 3.4 percent (17,906 MWH), from 522,021 MWH during the second quarter of 2019 to 504,115 MWH during the period under review.
This decrease in imported electricity is attributed to improvement in local generation, jumpstarted by improvement of Morupule B. However the physical volume of imported electricity increased by 119.7 percent (274,688 MWH), from 229,427 MWH during the third quarter of 2018 to 504,115 MWH during the current quarter.
Contribution of Electricity Generation to Distribution
According to Statistics Botswana electricity generated locally contributed 48.1 percent to electricity distributed during the third quarter of 2019, compared to a contribution of 77.2 percent during the same quarter in 2018. This gives a decrease of 29.1 percentage points.
On the other hand, said the national electricity statistics, a quarter-on-quarter comparison shows that the contribution of electricity generated to electricity distributed during the current quarter increased by 4.5 percentage points compared to the 43.6 percent contribution of locally generated electricity during the second quarter of 2019.
Most of Botswana’s electricity has been imported from South Africa’s power utility, Eskom, but In 2008 South Africa’s electricity demand started to exceed its supply resulting in that country restricting power exports. More than a decade Botswana has been struggling for electricity imported from South Africa as dependency in that country’s electricity import became increasingly unreliablem, hence government efforts to increase local generation of electricity at Morupule Power Station. The Morupule Power A plant has of capacity 132 MWH and was augmented with Morupule Power B which is to have a capacity of 600 MWH upon completion but has been dogged with scandals and lack of or slow progress.
Minister of Health Dr Edwin Dikoloti says Africa member states call on World Health Organization (WHO) to ensure equitable resource allocation for 2024-2025. Dr Dikoloti was speaking this week at the WHO Executive Board Meeting in Geneva, Switzerland.
He said countries agreed that there is need to address the budget and funding imbalances by increasing the programme budget share of countries and regions to 75% for the next year.
âThe proposed budget for 2024-2025 marks an important milestone as it is the first in Programme Budget in which country offices will be allocated more than half of the total budget for the biennium. We highly welcome this approach which will enable the organization to deliver on its mandate while fulfilling the expectations for transparency, efficiency and accountability.â
The Botswana Health Minister commended member states on the extension of the General Programme of Work (GPD 13) and the Secretariat work to monitor the progress towards the triple billion targets, and the health-related SDGs.
âWe welcome the Directorâs general proposed five priorities which have crystalized into the âfive Psâ that are aligned with the GPW 13 extension. Impact can only be achieved through close coordination with, and support to national health authorities. As such, the strengthening of country offices is instrumental, with particular focus on strengthening national health systems and on promoting more equitable access to health services.â
According to Dr Dikoloti, the majority of countries with UHC index that is below the global median are in the WHO Africa region. âFor that, we call on the WHO to enhance capacity at the regional and national levels in order to accelerate progress. Currently, the regional office needs both technical and financial support in order to effectively address and support country needs.â
The Minister of Foreign Affairs, Dr. Lemogang Kwape says Botswana has not taken any position regarding the killing of a renowned human rights lawyer, Thulani Maseko, who was gunned down at his house in Mbabane, Eswatini.
In a brief interview with WeekendPost, Dr Kwape said Botswana has not yet taken any position regarding his death. He said the purported incident should be thoroughly probed before Botswana can form an opinion based on the findings of the inquiries.
âBotswana generally condemns any killing of human life by all means,â says Dr. Kwape. He wouldnât want to be dragged on whether Botswana will support the suspension of Eswatini from SADC.
âWe will be guided by SADC organ Troika if they can be an emergency meeting. I am not sure when the meeting will be called by Namibian president,â he said.
However, the Namibian president Hage Geingob notes with deep concern reports coming out of Eswatini about the killing of Mr. Maseko. In a statement, he called upon the âGovernment of the Kingdom of Eswatini to ensure that the killing of Maseko is swiftly, transparently and comprehensively investigated, and that any or all persons suspected of committing this heinous crime are brought to justice.â
Maseko was chairperson of the Multi-Stakeholder Forum which was established as a coalition of non-State actors to advocate for a process of national political dialogue aimed at resolving the security and political challenges confronting the Kingdom.
âSADC expresses its deepest and heartfelt condolences to the family of Mr. Maseko, his friends, colleagues, and to the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini for the loss of Mr. Maseko. In this context, SADC further calls upon the people of the Kingdom of Eswatini to remain calm, exercise due care and consideration whilst the appropriate structures conduct the investigations and bring the matter to completion,â the statement says.
Geingob reiterated the need for peaceful resolution of the political and security challenges affecting the country.
Meanwhile political activists are calling on SADC to suspend Eswatini from the block including the African Union as well.
State prosecutor, Seeletso Ookeditse revealed before the Broadhurst Magistrate Jobbie Moilatshimo that the third accused involved in the murder of Barulaganye Aston, has interfered with the State witnesses again.
The second and third accused (Lefty Kosie and Outlwile Aston) were previously accused of interference when they were caught in possession of cellphones in prison. They were further accused of planning to kill the deceasedâs brother, who is currently the guardian to the children of the deceased.
Ookeditse indicated that Outlwile had earlier went to challenge the magistrateâs decision of denying him bail at the High Court before Judge Michael Motlhabi.
âThe third accused approached the High Court and made a bail application, which was dismissed on the same day,â Ookeditse said.
However, even after the High Court verdict on their bail application, the duo (Kosie and Aston) has once again applied for bail this week.
Ookeditse plead with the court to stop the accused from abusing the court process.
âYesterday, Directorate of Public Prosecutions (DPP) received papers of his bail application filed before the Broadhurst Magistrates Court. However, the papers do not speak to changed circumstances, therefore this back and forth about bail must be put to a stop,â said the State prosecutor.
While giving evidence before court, the Investigations Officer, Detective Inspector Quite Zhalamonto, said his investigations have proved that there is interference continuing regarding the accused trio.
He told the court that on the 12thÂ of January 2023, he received a report from Thato Aston, who is the son of the accused and the deceased. The son had alleged to the Investigation Officer that he received a call from one Phillip Molwantwa.
According to Zhalamonto, Thato revealed that Molwatwa indicated that he was from prison on a visit to the Outlwile Aston and went on to ask where he was staying and where his siblings (Astonâs children) are staying.
âThato revealed that Phillip went on to ask if he or his siblings saw their father murdering their mother, and he was referring to the crime scene. Thato told me that he, however, refused to answer the questions as he was afraid especially because he was asked about where him and his siblings stay,â said Zhalamonto.
Zhalamonto alluded to the court that he then went to Orange to confirm the communication between Thato and Molwantwa where he found the case.
âI have arrested Philip yesterday and when I interviewed him, he did not deny that he knows Aston and that he has indeed called Thato and asked questions as to where him and his siblings resides even though he failed to give reasons for asking such questions,â Zhalamonto told the court.
He further revealed that Molwantwa indicated that he had received a call from an unknown man who refused to reveal himself.
âPhillip told me that the unknown man said he was sent by the accused (Aston), and that Aston had instructed him to tell me to check if there was still some money in his bank accounts, and he also wanted to know where the kids were residing, the unknown man even asked him to meet at Main Mallâ the Investigation Officer told the court.
He further informed the court that he is working tirelessly to identify the âunknown callerâ and the route of the cell number.
Furthermore, the fourth accused,Â Kebaleboge Ntsebe, has revealed to the court through a letter that she was abused and tortured by the Botswana Police Services. She wrote in her letter that she suffered miscarriage as a result of being beaten by the police.
Ntsebe is on bail, while a bail ruling for Aston and Kosie will be delivered on the 6thÂ of next month