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Financial sector stable - NBFIRA

Publishing Date : 19 August, 2019


Non-Bank Financial Institutions Regulatory Authority NBFIRA released a report that indicates that the macroeconomic environment and the financial sector are assessed to be broadly stable and prospects for the financial sector.

According to the report, global economic prospects are projected to moderate due to trade and geopolitical tensions, as well as policy uncertainty, with modest adverse impact on the domestic economy. Weak regional performance and adverse weather conditions also add up to dampened domestic growth momentum. The global response to weaker growth and subdued inflation imply maintenance of low interest rates and further loosening of monetary policy, led by major central banks, with potential for capital flows to the deeper, more liquid and stable emerging markets.

The external sector vulnerabilities such as trade shocks, capital outflows and adverse exchange rate movements, which could present the greatest potential for elevated financial stability risks, were balanced with respect to Botswana. Other vulnerabilities, such as potential for excessive credit growth and leverage, maturity mismatches, liquidity management challenges and macro-financial linkages between banks and non-bank financial institutions, were generally contained and posed minimal risk to financial stability. Nevertheless, excessive maturity mismatches and occasional structural excess liquidity continue to constrain orderly management of market liquidity.

The rate of increase in credit growth remains aligned to prospects for output and income growth, but continues to be heavily skewed towards the household sector. The financial health of the corporate sector remains good, albeit with isolated high profile closures and threats to business sustainability. Credit to the corporate sector relative to the size of the economy remains low by international standards. The real estate market continues to perform satisfactorily despite a similarly low sectoral credit to GDP ratio. Lack of organised housing market and publicly available property price index constrain price discovery and activity in the mortgage market.

The deposit structure and concentration of funds remains skewed towards the business sector, institutional investors and large depositors. There are no immediate concerns, but there can be occasional liquidity management challenges, particularly for individual’s banks, with potential to constrain policy transmission. A less diversified and predominantly short-term base for deposits as well as volatile funds also detract from long-term business, project and infrastructure funding.

Governance and accountability issues for some non-bank financial institutions that arose in the last two years are being addressed through regulatory and supervisory responses, as well as on-going investigations and prosecutions, as necessary. Therefore, risks of loss of funds and financial instability emanating from the subsector remain low.

Even then, the respective regulators will continue to enforce and enhance measures that are aimed at improving professional and ethical conduct by both individuals and firms in the financial services industry by; promoting governance frameworks that will guide appropriate behaviour within financial institutions, strengthening individual fiduciary responsibility and accountability  including strict application of the fit and proper requirements and introducing responsibility mapping to ensure that individuals held accountable for their actions , addressing the ‘’rolling bad apples’’ phenomenon, which relates to individuals accused of financial misconduct in one institution ending up at another financial institution without disclosure of previous misconduct.

Therefore, financial institutions are being encouraged to introduce and maintain, for industry reference, a list of staff members terminated or released from duty on the basis of being found to have committed acts of impropriety, dishonesty and other forms of serious misconduct. The regulators also routinely reassess the fitness and propriety of employees in functions deemed capable of causing significant harm to the financial institution or its customers and encouraging private sector responses to misconduct in the financial system.

While Botswana remains on the Financial Action Task Force FATF list of jurisdictions with strategic anti-money laundering/combating the financing of terrorism deficiencies, the authorities continue to implement the required action plans to address identified deficiencies. Therefore, the associated vulnerabilities in this regard are expected to recede going forward. The payments infrastructure remains stable with orderly accommodation of new payment platforms and methods, in particular following the promulgation of the Electronic Payments Regulations.



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